QUESTIONIn 2015, Keenan Company paid dividends totaling $3,600,000 on net income of$10.8 million. Note that 2015 was a normal year and that for the past 10 years, earnings have grown at a constant rate of 10%. However, in 2016, earnings are expected to jump to $14.4 million and the firm expects to have profitable investment opportunities of$8.4 million. It is predicted that Keenan will not be able to maintain the 2016 level of earnings growth because the high 2016 earnings level is attributable to an exceptionally profitable new product line introduced that year. After 2016, the company will return to its previous 10% growth rate. Keenan’s target capital structure is 40% debt and 60% equity. a. Calculate Keenan’s total dividends for 2016 assuming that it follows each of the following policies: 1. Its 2016 dividend payment is set to force dividends to grow at the long-run growth rate in earnings. 2. It continues the 2015 dividend payout ratio. 3. It uses a pure residual dividend policy (40% of the $8.4 million investment is financed with debt and 60% with common equity). 4. It employs a regular-dividend-plus-extras policy, with the regular dividend being based on the long-run growth rate and the extra dividend being set according to the residual dividend policy. b. Which of the preceding policies would you recommend? Restrict your choices to the ones listed but justify your answer. c. Assume that investors expect Keenan to pay total dividends of$9,000,000 in 2016 and to have the dividend grow at 10% after 2016. The stock’s total market value is $180 million. What is the company’s cost of equity? d. What is Keenan’s long-run average return on equity? [Hint: g=Retention rate [math]\times[/math] ROE=(1.0-Payout rate)(ROE)] e. Does a 2016 dividend of$9,000,000 seem reasonable in view of your answers to parts c QUESTIONSt. Johns River Shipyards is considering the replacement of an 8-year-old riveting machine with a new one that will increase earnings before depreciation from $24,000 to$46,000 per year. The new machine will cost $80,000; and it will have an estimated life of 8 years and no salvage value. The new machine will be depreciated over its 5-year MACRS recovery period, so the applicable depreciation rates are 20%, 32%, 19%, 12%, 11%, and 6%. The applicable corporate tax rate is 40%, and the firm’s WACC is 10%. The old machine has been fully depreciated and has no salvage value. Should the old riveting machine be replaced by the new one? Explain your answer.