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EDUC 125 Exam Review Part 1- Ch 1-6
Terms in this set (120)
The group that has emerged as the most influential source of information about characteristics of teachers and learners in the new century is
the Partnership for 21st Century Skills
The characteristic of a full profession that does not tend to describe the teaching profession is that it
grants higher-than-average financial rewards
Characteristics of effective teachers as described by students include all of the following except
they require little or no homework
Which of the following is often used as a vehicle for professional development?
The organization that annually gauges public opinions about education is
Phi Delta Kappa
The role of reflection in the teaching profession involves
-think about what they do
-how they do it
-and the consequences of their actions and inactions.
looking at what can make their teaching more effective
come figuratively "in all shapes and sizes"
According to Patricia Phelps, the required commitments for teaching professionalism include all of the following except
commitment to perfection
According to P21, characteristics teachers possess who lead students to success include all of the following except
Which state/region had the highest average teacher salary during 2013?
Alternative paths to teacher preparation include
Teach for America
Responsiblities of a new teacher
are basically the same as those of experienced teachers
Academic rigor is an important component of facilitating learning because it means
The content of what we teach is meaningful and our high expectations for student learning
All of the following are among the top 8 reasons teachers gave for choosing the profession except
influence of students
The following are examples of professional education associations except
The reason that most teachers give for choosing to teach is that they
had a desire to work with young people
Approximately what percentage of teachers in 2006 held master's degrees?
According to your text, most teachers come from which racial group?
Which of the following requires that teachers be highly qualified?
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
Which of the following is a traditional path to teacher preparation?
master of arts in teaching
The level at which a child can almost but not completely grasp a concept or perform a task successfully is called the
zone of proximal development
All of the following characteristics describe the cognitive development of middle school students except
realism plays a more active role in decision making
The delivery of instruction in two languages is called
Tanya is a middle school student. Her strengths include goal setting and self-monitoring. She tends to act as a mediator, and uses self-reflection and self-discipline. According to Gardner, which of the following is most likely Tanya's strongest disposition?
Jon, an elementary school student, enjoys arts and crafts. He prefers manipulatives when being introduced to a topic. Jon's learning style is probably
Approximately what percentage of Americans who practice a religion align with Christianity?
Miss Crenshaw tends to call on her female students more often than her male students. She also tends to give more positive feedback and praise to her female students. Miss Crenshaw is demonstrating
Joanna has the capacity for adult-like thought. Her reasoning ability is maturing, and she has the capability for abstract reasoning. Joanna is most likely in which stage of childhood?
Jack and Sam are happily playing in the kitchen center at school. They are sharing the same space, but are not communicating. Which of the following types of play are Jack and Sam demonstrating?
Gabriel has a positive, overconfident self-concept. His self-concept is influenced heavily by family and society, and most of his emotional times are with his family. Gabriel is most likely in which stage of childhood?
Joshua is capable of empathy towards people he doesn't know. Socially, he tends to group with other boys, and he is increasingly concerned with making and keeping friends. Joshua is most likely in which stage of childhood?
According to Maslow, which of the following is considered a higher-order need?
All of the following describe students from low-SES settings except
they may be organized and determined to complete assignments
According to Gardner's theory of learning styles, which of the following best describes the bodily-kinesthetic disposition?
inclination for activities requiring strength, speed, and flexibility
Janice's physical development is characterized by a steady growth in height and weight and an improvement in dexterity. She is also significantly taller than some of her classmates. Janice is most likely in which childhood stage?
The goals of multicultural education include all of the following except
the assimilation of minority cultures into the majority culture
Approximately what percentage of American families live below the poverty line?
The fair and balanced treatment of boys and girls is known as
A strong sense of fairness, a desire to help those less fortunate, and experiencing roller-coaster emotions are all character development characteristics of which of the following childhood stages?
Mr. Johnson is the varsity football coach at Carver High School. He believes that girls are too emotional and fragile to play football on his team. Mr. Johnson is engaging in
Which of the following groups has an impact on the culture of a school?
Robert is interested in becoming a mechanic after high school. He is not interested in attending a four-year college, and would prefer to leave school prepared for a position in a local garage. Which of the following types of high school would best meet Robert's needs?
Which of the following examples demonstrates teachers who are affecting their schools in a positive way?
teachers collaborating on lesson plans and classroom management strategies
Lana lives in a medium-sized town located on the fringe of Chicago. She has access to numerous retail stores and services. Which of the principal settings of public schools does Lana most likely attend?
Ms. Jackson is the administrator at an effective urban middle school. According to the Effective Schools Movement, all of the following tenets will be obvious in her school except
the instructional staff focuses primarily on improving standardized test scores
Which of the following best describes the characteristics of an effective school?
effective schools are those that meet the learning needs of the students who attend them
Ms. Rodriguez teaches high school. Her schedule this year includes Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, Trigonometry, and Geometry. Which of the following structures most closely describes her teaching situation?
According to the text, which term best describes the atmosphere where the learning experiences, as well as adult and student behaviors and attitudes, influence learning?
Anna is a talented dancer, and hopes to dance professionally in the future. She is interested in a high school that would provide specialized training for her, while providing the state-mandated graduation requirements. Which of the following would most likely be the most reasonable school venue for Anna?
Which of the following accurately describes school choice?
letting parents and students decide which schools meet their needs
-for any choice plan you need information and transportation
Which of the following does not describe kindergarten?
it is mandatory in all 50 states
Parental reasons for homeschooling include all of the following except
all of the above are parental reasons for homeschooling
According to the text, which of the following best describes the purpose of public schools?
preservation of our democratic way of life
All of the following describe positive reasons to loop except
students benefit from a variety of teachers through their schooling years
Regarding private schools in the United States, which of the followng statements is true
homeschooling provides a specific, one-on-one instructional environment
Which of the following services might be offered by a full-service school?
.-meeting students' needs
(academic and nonacademic)
-increasing family stability through parent education
-creating safe haven
-providing role models for all family members
-providing easy access to physical and psychological needs
Advocates of school choice believe all of the following except
choice exacerbates inequities
Which of the following statements best describes the potential for changing a school's culture?
the school culture can change given time and the desire to change
Approximately what percent of American schools are classified as rural?
Ms. Smith teaches in a mixed-age classroom. Her activities allow for self-pacing, and she generally allows her students to act independently and to make choices about their learning activities. Which of the following approaches does Ms. Smith most likely follow?
Content standards are best described as
what students should know and be able to do at specific grade levels
Which of the following best describes a summative assessment?
a social studies post-test
Which of the following is not one of the four purposes of assessment, according to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics?
meeting NCLB requirements
All of the following describe purposes of the TIMSS except
provides a basis for state-to-state comparisons
The results of teh National Assessment of Education Progress are reported by all of the following except
Curriculum can generally be defined as
everything that students experience in school
All of the following are benefits of standardized testing except
pressure from high-stakes tests can undermine productivity
Mrs. Jones decides not to include a unit about evolution in her science class because she is concerned that it is too controversial. This is an example of
Which of the following does not describe a purpose of rubrics?
rubrics provide less paperwork and require less effort for teachers
Race to the Top is an example of
national education improvement initiative
Which of the following best describes administrative reasons for grading?
promotion, graduation, honors, eligibility
Mr. Fererra plans the school year using a document that dictates the timing of content coverage. He is most likely using a
Mr. Gomez teaches middle school mathematics. Before beginning a unit of study, he gives his students a pretest. Which form of assessment is Mr. Gomez using?
Which of the following best describes the four kinds of curricula?
null, formal, informal, extracurriculum
An assessment that measures what it is intended to measure is
Which type of rubric uses a single scale for an entire project?
The type of assessment that indicates levels of student mastery of a subject is referred to as
The NAEP is administered annually to a sampling of students in which grade level?
Mrs. Jackson uses grades as a way to inform parents about student achievement. This is an example of which purpose of grading?
Effective monitoring of student progress during an instructional unit is an important component of which type of assessment?
As part of their team teaching, Mr. Johns, Mrs. Cooper, and Ms. Lincoln present a unit on Ancient Rome. Each teacher focuses on the contributions of the Romans to their subject matter, as well as participates in activities that relate to the topic. This is an example of
Jason and his classmates play a game of "Around the World" using multiplication flash cards. This is an example of which instructional strategy?
drill and practice
Which statement is true about high expectations?
high expectations don't necessarily mean the same expectations for all students
Which of the following teaching strategies is most appropriate for middle school instruction?
homework to practice and review concepts
Approximately what percentage of adults in America are functionally illiterate?
Concise statements about what students are expected to learn and be able to do are called
Ms. Hall's social studies class is acting out the battle at Gettysburg. This is an example of which instructional strategy?
Varying instruction based on the needs of students is
differentiation of instruction
Which of the following is not a step in backward design?
identify new vocabulary
Students working independently, with teacher feedback, is called
Pre-reading strategies, the meaning of numbers, and other basic concepts are topics most likely taught at which grade level?
According to the Chicago Public Schools, service-learning has these three components
prepare, act, reflect
Infusing the curriculum with reading and writing is often referred to as
reading and writing across the curriculum
A climate of respect is fostered when teachers really listen to what students have to say, also known as
Ms. Wade uses demonstration of counting, sorting, writing numbers, and choosing correct symbols. She also uses manipulatives heavily in her teaching. Which grade level is Ms. Wade most likely teaching?
When teachers differentiate instruction, they do all of the following except
incorporate music and movement into every lesson
What is the basic difference between volunteerism and service-learning?
volunteerism is giving time and effort; service-learning is giving time and service, with an added learning component
Weekly and unit plans should be designed within the context of
Instruction can generally be defined as
the strategies used to convey the curriculum and achieve the desired end result of student learning
Mr. Hooper divides his seventh-grade social studies class into cooperative learning groups. He then asks each group to research a specific Native American tribe. Each group will then be responsible for teaching the class about their tribe. This is an example of which instructional strategy?
All of the following are steps to use when correcting students except
publically correct the student so that others will learn from his or her example
All of the following are examples of nonverbal unobtrusive interventions except
leading a class discussion about why a particular behavior is inappropriate
Mr. Jackson makes a deliberate effort at the beginning of each school year to learn his students' names and personal information quickly. Which of Glasser's five basic needs is Mr. Jackson meeting?
love and belonging
All of the following are true of the consequence of suspension except
it always leads to expulsion for some length of time
Mr. Thomas has brought in couches, chairs, rugs, plants, and curtains for his second-grade classroom. Which element of a productive classroom is Mr. Thomas providing?
The students at Pine Street School participate in a program where students are trained as go-betweens to help other students work through their differences. This is an example of
Ms. Summers arranges her students so that she can approach each student quickly and easily without having to negotiate narrow pathways. Ms. Summers understands the element of
Guidelines for school districts engaging in corporal punishment include all of the following except
providing the student with an alternative to corporal punishment
All of the following are ways to develop student-teacher relationships except
discussing student issues with colleagues
All of the following are ways of meeting the basic need for power except
providing opportunities to get food, water, and fresh air
Ms. Myers uses a ticket system in her classroom to reward appropriate behavior. Students can trade tickets for extra recess or movie time. She uses
a token economy
Barry writes on his desk during math class. He is asked to clean the desks in the classroom during a school-required detention. This is an example of
matching consequences to behavior
Which of the following situations best demonstrates the concept of processing?
sending a student out of the classroom for the purpose of reflection and planning
Mr. Davies includes his students in the process of establishing expectations for his classroom. This is an example of
a democratic classroom
Ms. Gomez witnesses a student verbally and physically assaulting another teacher. Ms. Gomez should
ask for help from a building administrator
All of the following are examples of extrinsic incentives except
Mr. Jackson's students often describe him as "having eyes on the back of his head." His students know that he is aware of what is going on in the classroom at all times. This concept is known as
Building classroom community includes all of the following except
teaching and enforcing classroom procedures
During a math lesson, Mr. Jeffries calls the name of a student who is off task. Mr. Jeffries is using
a verbal unobtrusive intervention
What determines the classroom management guidelines for students with special needs?
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