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Psychology chpt. 10 and 7
Terms in this set (46)
Refers to the capacity to retain and retrieve information and also to the structures that account for this capacity
Not accurately remembering events from the past
Flash Bulb Memory
unusual, shocking, or tragic events that hold a special place in memory.
Confusion of a event that happened to someone else with one that happened to you. A belief that you remember something that didn't actually happen.
conscious, intentional recollection of an event or item of information.
memory without conscious awareness
The ability to retrieve and reproduce from memory previously encountered material.
The ability to identify previously encountered material
> Large Capacity
> Contains Sensory Information
> Very Brief retention of images
Short Term Memory
> Limited Capacity
>Brief Storage of items
> Involved on Conscious processing of information
Long Term memory
> Unlimited Capacity
> Some memories are permanent
> Information organized and indexed
Apart of Short term memory
> Organizing information for Long term memory
Procedural memories (Knowing How)
Memories for performance of actions and skills
Declarative memory (Knowing That)
Long term memory becomes durable and stable
> Memory can solidify and continue for several years in humans.
formation, consolidation, retrieval of emotional and fearful memories.
formation of declarative memories
> May bind together elements of a memory for later retrieval.
> Automatic: used to doing something daily
> Effortful: Studying for a test
Strategies and tricks for improving memory, such as use of a verse or a formula
Information eventually disappears if it is not accessed
> Applies more to short term memory
Cue Dependent Forgetting
Inability to retrieve information stored in memory because of insufficient cues for recall.
State Dependent Memory
The tendency to remember something when it is in the same physical or mental state as during the original learning.
Mood congruent memory
Remembering things based on your mood
Inability to remember events and experiences that occurred during the 1st 2 or 3 years of life.
Depends on environmental conditions
event or thing that elicits a response automatically or reflexively.
response that is automatically produced
something that does not produce a particular response
A neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus.
Conditioned response eventually disappears
Reappearance of a response after extinction
Higher- order Conditioning
Neutral stimulus can become a conditioned by being paired with an already established Conditioned Stimulus
After a stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus for some response, other similar stimuli may produce a similar reaction
Not responding to some stimuli's
a method of influencing behavior by rewarding desired behaviors and punishing undesired ones
money, applause, good grades
demerits, scolding, fines
pleasant consequence makes a response more likely
removal of something unpleasant
signals whether a response will pay off
response is reinforced each time it occurs
reinforcing only some responses , not all of them
Recommended textbook explanations
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