51 terms

Health & Safety

What kind of accidents have you had? What happened?
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had an accident
a situation in which someone is injured or something is damaged. Ex. I ____ a_ a__________ with my bicycle in the rain.
feel sick
to not be healthy; ill. Ex. I woke up with a runny nose and fever. Since I ________ ___________, I won't go to school today.
medical insurance
an agreement in which a person makes regular payments to a company and the company promises to pay money if the person is injured. All IEC students pay for _________ _____________.
pharmacy
place in which drugs and medicines are prepared and sold
health care
the prevention or treatment of illness by doctors, dentists, etc. Ex. In the US there are many excellent doctors. The ___________ _______ system is quite good, but very expensive.
seriously injured
physically hurt or harmed. Ex. he was _________ ___________in a car accident.
emergency room
area in a hospital that is used for treating people who need immediate medical care.
life threatening situation
when an illness, or injury could cause a person to die. Ex. he was bleeding very heavily and had to be rushed to the ER because it was a ________ ________________ _________.
ambulance
a vehicle used for taking hurt or sick people to the hospital especially in emergencies
minor injury
a small wound or damage to part of your body that is not serious. I had a _____ __________ playing soccer, but didn't need to go to the doctor.
urgent care center
like an emergency room, but for non-life threatening injuries or illness.
make an appointment
to schedule to meet with someone at a particular time. If you want to see a doctor, you should ________ __ _____________.
insurance card
identification that includes information about your health care benefits.
co-pay
amount of money required to pay at the time of each visit to a doctor or when purchasing medicine.
illness
a condition of being unhealthy in your body or mind. He had an ________ for many years as a child, but is better now.
cold
common illness that affects the nose, throat, and eyes and that usually causes coughing, sneezing, etc.
flu
common disease that is caused by a virus and that causes fever, weakness, body aches, and breathing problems
over the counter medication
drugs available without a prescription from a doctor. Ex. At Safeway, I bought some ____ ____ _____ ________ so I would feel better.
have a headache
a pain in your head. I drank too much alcohol last night and this morning I _____ _ _________.
painkiller
a drug that decreases or removes pain that you feel in your body
aspirin
a type of painkiller
generic brand
not sold or made under a particular brand name
name brand
a product that is made by a well-known company. Ex. she bought a _______ ________ computer.
Advil
a type of name brand painkiller that contains ibuprofen
Tylenol
a type of name brand painkiller that contains acetaminophen
dosage
the amount of a medicine or drug that should be taken at one time or regularly during a period of time
prescription medicine
drugs available only with a written note from a doctor. Ex. I had to pick up my ______ ________ on my way home.
diarrhea
an illness that causes you to pass waste from your body very frequently and in liquid rather than solid form. (Note that this is not used in polite conversation. Just use it when talking to a doctor, etc.)
constipation
the condition of being unable to easily release solid waste from your body. (Note that this is not used in polite conversation. Just use it when talking to a doctor, etc.)
period
the time when a woman menstruates each month
blood
the red liquid that flows through the bodies of people and animals
prevent
to stop (something) from happening or existing. Ex. washing hands will ______ the spread of disease/illness.
disease
an illness that affects a person, animal, or plant; a condition that prevents the body or mind from working normally
unhealthy
not normal or natural and likely to be harmful. Ex. It is _______ to eat McDonald's everyday.
stress
continuous feelings of worry about your work or personal life, that prevent you from relaxing. Ex. I have a big test tomorrow, so I feel some ________.
injury
an act or event that causes someone or something to no longer be fully healthy or in good condition. Ex. Messi had an _________ and had to miss the match.
infection
a disease that affects a particular part of your body and is caused by bacteria or a virus
symptom
a change in the body or mind which indicates that a disease is present. Ex. one _______ of the flu is fever and runny nose.
fever
a body temperature that is higher than normal
rash
a group of red spots on the skin that is caused by an illness or a reaction to something
bruise
a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury
swollen
an area on someone's body that is larger than normal because of an illness or injury
feel nauseous
feeling like you are about to vomit. Ex. I cannot eat anything because I ________ _____________.
sprain
to injure (a joint) by twisting it in a sudden and painful way. Ex. While playing basketball, it is easy to _______ your finger.
get stitches
a special piece of thread that is used to hold a large cut or wound closed. Ex. after my accident, I had to ____ _______.
under the weather
an idiom that means to not feel well or healthy; to be ill. Ex. I won't go to school today because I am _______ ___ _________.
have surgery
medical treatment in which a doctor cuts into someone's body in order to repair or remove damaged or diseased parts. Ex. I don't want to ______ _______ if I can avoid it.
pass out
to loose consciousness. Ex. if you drink too much alcohol, you may ____ _________ and not remember anything.
bandage
a covering (such as a strip of cloth) that protects or supports part of the body that has been hurt. Ex the most common brand of _________ is called Band-Aid.
get over
Ex. I need to _________ this cold. = feel better; recover from
upset
Ex. I have an _________ stomach. = when you have to go to the bathroom a lot. Note that the words diarrhea and constipated are not used in polite conversation. You can use them with a doctor, etc.
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