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Ch. 3 Separation Techniques of Mixtures

change in state, separation of mixtures
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solute
substance being dissolved by the solvent
solvent
the substance that does the dissolving of the solute
filtration
a technique that uses a porous barrier to separate a solute from a solution
distillation
the process of purifying a liquid by boiling it and condensing its vapors
crystallization
a separation technique that results in the formation of pure solid particles of a substance from a solution containing the dissolved substance
sublimation separation
separates two solids when one sublimates and the other does not
chromatography
separates substances based on their ability to travel across a special paper
freezing
phase change from a liquid to a solid
evaporation
phase change from a liquid to a gas
melting
phase change from a solid to a liquid
boiling
phase change from a liquid to a gas
sublimation
phase change from a solid to a gas without going to a liquid first
deposition
phase change from a gas to a solid without going to a liquid first