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History of Math
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Terms in this set (47)
Which German mathematician created a paradox involving a hotel with infinite rooms?
David Hilbert
Created by Blaise Pascal, this argument is a logical approach in attempting to prove the existence of God
Pascal's Wager
A method for solving systems of equations using rectangular arrays of counting rods was found in
Nine Chapters on Mathematical Art
Died at 20 years old to a duel, legend says that he spent the night before recording new theorems and conjectures
Evariste Galois
French mathematician primarily studied factorials and is credited with being the first to use the exclamation point as its symbol?
Christian Kramp
Lars Ahlfors and Jesse Douglas were the first recipients of the Fields Medal, what year did this happen?
1936
George Dantzig is known for his simplex method for solving linear problems, which United States war did his inspiration from?
WWII
Which president committed to studying the first six books of Euclid's Elements after he continued to see the word "demonstrate" and was not fully satisfied with its meaning?
Abraham Lincoln
Which calendar was the first to use leap years?
Julian calendar
Another word used for the shorter sides in a right triangle are the
catheti
De Triangulis Omnimodis, "On Triangles of Different Kinds", one of the first books of trigonometry, was written by
Regiomontanus
Using a polygon with 2^62 sides, Ludolph Van Ceulen calculated pi to how many decimals?
35
Institutionalized analitiche ad uso della gioventu italiana (Analytical Institutions for the Use of Italian Youth), written by Maria agnesi, is a book on Calculus. Due to an improper translation, a curve was named the "_________" of Agnesi
Witch
Rene Descartes is known as the creator of the Cartesian Plane, he got his idea for it by watching what crawl on the ceiling and wanting to describe the way it moved?
Fly
Although it was lost for some time, whose book Metrica was found in 1896? The proof for his formular for calculating the area of a triangle
Heron
What were the pair of amicable numbers Nicolo Paganini discovered?
1184 and 1210
Who authored Begriffsschrift in 1879, a book about logic and mathematics
Gottlob Frege
Gabriel's horn, also known as _________ is a geometric paradox of a solid with an infinite surface area but a finite volume
Torricelli's Trumpet
2^67-1 was thought to be a Mersenne Prime until 1903 when this absolute goat did the calculation by hand and showed that 2^67-1 could be factored and is not prime
Frank Nelson Cole
Kaprekar's constant is what four digit number
6174
Who is known as the father of accounting?
Luca Pacioli
The Babylonians and other Ancient Mesopotamian Civilizations used what number as a base ?
60
The mathematician proposed his Rule of Signs in his 1637 book, La Geometrie
Rene Descartes
This city was the center of Islamic mathematics from the 9th to 13th century
Baghdad
This Indian mathematician used a method called the kuttuka (the pulveriser) to find general solutions to linear Diophantine equations. His most famous book describes a method to generate solutions to Pell's equations, and is the first known description of arithmetic using negative numbers and zero
Brahmagupta
This Greek mathematician wrote The Method, in which he derived formulas for the volume of a cylinder, sphere and cone
Archimedes
This female mathematician girl boss contributed greatly to abstract algebra by developing ring theory and field theory
Emmy Noether
This is the first Chinese mathematical work to provide a proof of the Pythagorean theorem
Zhoubi Suanjing
In addition to writing "Treatise on Demonstration of problems of Algebra" in which he gives general solutions to cubic equations, this mathematician measure the length of the year very accurately and used these measurements for calendar reform
Al-Biruni
In his "Conics" this author defines a general double-napped cone as "All lines that pass through a circle and non-coplanar point"
Apollonius of Perga
This mathematician and astronomer was the first to determine latitude and longitude using stars in the night sky. He also contributed to trigonometry and is thought to have created the first trigonometric table
Hipparchus of Nicaea
Lagrange proved his four-square theorem in 1770. Which mathematician below stated the same theorem, with no surviving proof, over a century later?
Pierre de Fermat
Which of the following feats is not usually attributed to Archimedes?
Inventing a screw for pumping water
A formula this this swiss mathematician developed to calculate pi include 1/1^2 + ... = pi^2/6 which he worked on with the Bernoulli family
Leonhard Euler
This mathematician and philosopher contributed to combinatorics in his work De Arte Combinatoria. He also invented Calculus in his work Nova Methodus pro Maximis et Minimis
Gottfried Leibiniz
Carl Friedrich Gauss left many cryptic messages in his diary, including a statement that every integer can be written as the sum of AT MOST 3 of these numbers
triangular numbers
This mathematician devloped descriptive Geometry, allowing him to represent 3D objects on paper. He was appointed by Napoleon to govern Egypt
Gaspard Monge
This city was the center of mathematics in the Hellenistic and Classical eras. Mathematicians here include; Heron, Pappus, Ptolemy, and Hypatia
Alexandria
This mathematician's ideas allowed later mathematicians to prove that the 3 mathematical problems of Antiquity were unsolvable
Evariste Galois
This mathematician attempted to axiomize geometry and proving the consistency of arithmetic was one of the problems in a list of 23 problems named after this mathematician
David Hilbert
This is the only physicist to win the Fields Medal and is the leading proponent of String Theory
Edward Witten
Mathematics in this country in the early 19th century focused on symbolic algebra and Boolean algebra that were also developed in this country
Britain
This mathematician's work in real analysis allowed for a non-geometric definition of limits and continuity. His work Stetigkeit und irrationale Zahlen contriubted to the theory of inifinite sets, incorrectly believes that all sets are the same size
Richard Dedekind
This mathematician published other mathematicians' solutions to general cubic and quartic equations in his book, Ars Magna
Gerolamo Cardano
In the early 20th century, this country saw many developments in the study of linked chain processes. The most-used axioms of probability were developed in this country
Russia/Soviet Union
Invented descriptive geometry; French
Gaspard Monge
Wrote the Fundamental Theory of Algebra
Carl Freidrich Gauss
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