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32 terms

Essentials Chapter 9

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External respiration
in the lungs, oxygen inhaled from the air is exchanged with carbon dioxide from the blood
Internal respiration
exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells
Sinusitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes of the paranasal sinuses
Pharyngitis
acute or chronic infection of the pharynx
Laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx, including the vocal cords
Deviated septum
crooked nasal septum; causes narrowing and obstruction of the air passage, making breathing somewhat difficult and can slightly increase the tendency to develop sinusitis
Nasal Polyps
benign growths that form as a consequence of distended mucous membranes protruding into nasal cavity
Anosmia
impairment or loss of the sense of smell
Epistaxis (nosebleed)
Hemorrhage from the nose
Laryngeal cancer:
neoplasm of the larynx. The larynx is the most common site for head and neck tumors.
Hemoptysis
is the coughing or spitting up of blood from the respiratory tract.
Atelectasis (collapsed lung)
airless or collapsed state of the pulmonary tissue
Pulmonary embolism
occurs when a blood clot or other material, such as a foreign body or tumor, lodges in and blocks an artery in the pulmonary cirulation.
Severe Acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
Highly contagious new mutation of the Corona Virus
Pulmonary abscess
area of contained infectious material in the lung.
Legionellosis (Legionnaires disease)
Pneumonia caused by the bacterium. Legionella pneumophila
Respiratory syncytial virus pneumonia (RSV)
inflammatory and infectious condition of the lungs
Histoplasmosis
fungal disease originating in the lungs caused by inhalation of dust containing Histoplasma capsulation
Influenza
Highly contagious, acute viral disease that occurs in annual outbreaks
Aute and chronic bronchitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the bronchi
bronchiectasis
permanent, irreversible dilation or distortion of one or more bronchi, resulting from destruction of muscular and elastic portions of bronchial walls
Pulmonary emphysema
chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder characterized by destructive changes in alveolar walls and irreversible enlargement of alveolar air spaces
Pneumoconiosis
any disease of the lung caused by long term dust inhalation "Occupational Disease" Asbestosis, Anthracosis, Silicosis.
Pleurisy (pleuritis)
inflammation of membranes surrounding the lungs and lining the pleural cavity
Pneumothorax
collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity that results in a collapsed or partially collapsed lung
Hemothorax
accumulation of blood and other fluids in the 0pleural cavity
Pulmonary tuberculosis
chronic, acute, or subacute infection of the lungs by Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus infection)
Acute herpes virus infection (glandular fever)
Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
Severe hypoxemia in a patient who has recently experienced trauma (Shock lung)
Lung Cancer
cancerous condition caused by repeated carcinogenic irritation to bronchial epithelium, leading to increased rates of cell division.
Pontiac fever
milder form of Legionellosis
Pneumonia
inflammation of the lungs due to ingection