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ASA Keelboat terms
Terms in this set (95)
the body of the boat minus the rigging
the weighted fin at the bottom of the boat
the front of the boat
the back of the boat
The space where the helm is located
The fin used for steering the boat
The lever which we hold to steer the boat
The enclosed space below the deck
Posts that hold up the lifelines.
The vertical spar that supports the sails
The spar at the bottom of the mainsail
A horizontal strut extending from either side of the mast to hold the shrouds away from the mast.
heavy ropes, wires, or rods on sailing vessels that run from the masts to the hull, usually fore-and-aft along the centerline of the vessel
wire stays leading from the upper part of the mast to the deck on either side to provide lateral (to the side) support
That part of a ship's rigging that is permanently secured and not movable. (stays, shrouds, and spreaders)
Bolt Rope or Luff Rope
A rope sewn into the luff of a sail for use in attaching to the standard rigging.
Lines used to trim the sails
Lines used to raise and lower the sails
All movable lines that run through blocks, such as lifts, whips, and vangs.
A line that holds up the boom when it is not being used, also the line that controls the height of a spinnaker pole.
Pieces of yarn, cloth, etc which indicate airflow over sails
large jib that overlaps the mast
The 100% Jib is also called this
a small headsail used in heavy weather
A large usually colorful sail used off the wind
Top corner of a sail
the forward corner of a sail
The back lower corner of a sail
The forward edge of a sail
The bottom edge of a sail
The back edge of a sail
Horizontal rigid supports held in pocks in the sail
Clips along the forward edge of the jib
the width of the boat at the widest point
The sides of a ship between the water line and the rail.
THe distance from the waterline to the upper deck level.
The leaning action of a sailboat.
the right side of the boat
the left side of the boat
moving toward the stern is called moving _____
moving toward the bow is called moving ______
Turning the boat toward the wind is ____
Heading down or bearing off or falling off
Turning the boat away from the wind is ____
Tacking or Coming about
Turning the bow through the wind and crossing the sails over is ______
Turning the stern through the wind and crossing the sails over is _____
Sailing on a course that's mostly accross the wind is called
Sailing with the wind across the beam is sailing on a ______
Sailing as close as practically possible to the wind
Sailing by the Lee
Sailing with the wind on the same side of the boat that the boom is on is sailing ______
Head to Wind
Points of sail to stop a sailboat
A stopper knot for sheets and halyards
Knot use for securing a boat to the dock
Knot which gives you a non-slipping loop
Metal clip which attaches the halyard to the sails
Provides mechanical advantage for trimming a sheet
A turning pulley through which the jib sheets pass
Fittings used to guide control lines (generically)
Device that connects the boom to the mast
Fitting used to secure a line under strain
Cunningham or Downhaul
Controls tension in the luff of the mainsail
Controls tension in the foot of the mainsail
Controls tension in the leach of the mainsail
Wind Vane or Masthead Fly
The arrow at the top of the mast
Track and car to which mainsheet is often attached
Ketch or Yawls
Boats with a second, shorter mast aft are
Sloops or una rigs
Single-masted sailboats are
The tendency for a sailboat to round up into the wind
Moving toward the bow is
Moving toward the the stern is
The true wind plus the wind created by the boats motion is
Prepares the crew to tack
Hard A Lee
Announced by skipper when tacking
Ready to Jibe
Prepares the crew to Jibe
Annoced when jibing
When the wind is on the right side of the boat and the boom is on the left you are on a _______
The person responsible for the safe operation of the boat
The person steering the boat
The People who operate the boat
The force created by wind flowing over both sides of a sail
The side of the boat closest to the wind
The side of the boat away from the wind
Flapping sails are said to be
When you head up slightly from a run you are then sailing on a ________
When you fall off slightly from a close hauled course you are then sailing on a ________
Knot used to tie fenders to lifelines
Knot for connecting lines of unequal diameter
A square knot is also called
Knot used to tie a line to a piling
When two sailboats are on opposite tacks meet the boat on which tack has right of way?
When two sailboats on the same tack meet the boat on which side has right of way?
Slower or Boat being overtaken
When on boat overtakes another boat which boat has right of way?
When a sailboat and a boat under power meet which boat has right of way?
When a sailboat and a commercial vessel restricted in anyway meet which vessel has right of way?
Boat under power
When a sailboat approaches a powerboat from behind which boat has right of way?
To set it at the correct angle to the apparent wind
Why does one trim a sail?
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