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17 terms

Reinforcement

STUDY
PLAY
positive reinforcement
Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of that behavior in similar conditions.
negative reinforcement
Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the removal of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of that behavior in similar conditions.
positive reinforcer
a stimulus whose presentation or onset functions as reinforcement.
negative reinforcer
a stimulus whose removal or termination functions as reinforcement.
preference assessment
direct or indirect tests or interviews used to identify potential reinforcers
reward
something presented after a behavior in attempt to increase the future frequency of the behavior that proceeded it.
satiation
having access to a reinforcer which results in a decrease in its reinforcing value. example: having free access to a favorite movie at home results in decreased motivation to earn that movie in therapy.
deprivation
restricting access, or time passed without access to a reinforcer that increases its reinforcing value. example: only being able to have skittles during therapy sessions.
contingency
an if then statement or relationship between events and behavior.
premack principle
first _______ then ______. Presenting a contingency statement in which a completion of a non preferred (low-p) task will be followed by a preferred task or access to a specific reinforcer (high-p).
presented
The word "positive" in both reinforcement and punishment procedures refers to the stimulus being contingently _____________ after some behavior of interest.
removed
The word "negative" in both reinforcement and punishment procedures refers to the stimlulus being contingently _____________ after some behavior of interest.
establishing operation
EO: an event that makes a reinforcer more valuable or motivating.
positive punishment
Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus that decreases the future frequency of that behavior in similar conditions.
negative punishment
Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the removal of a stimulus that decreases the future frequency of that behavior in similar conditions.
positive punisher
a stimulus whose presentation or onset functions as punishment.
negative punisher
a stimulus whose removal or offset functions as punishment.