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What disease is a condition in which fibrous lung tissue results in a decreased ability to expand the lungs?
Restrictive lung disease
Which modality allows for movements to occur as explosively as possible without the need for eccentric deceleration?
Kettlebells were first used in which setting?
As a unit of measurement on market and farming scales
When attempting to increase muscular size and strength in the lower body, which of the following exercise is least likely to be beneficial?
Which statement is the most accurate reflection of exercise and physical activity as it relates to pregnancy?
Exercise has beneficial effects on the physiology and health of both the mother and the developing fetus.
The TRX Rip Trainer should be most beneficial to which of the following phases of the OPT model?
Phases 1, 2, and 5; The TRX Rip Trainer functions as elastic resistance and is very good for balance/proprioceptive development, muscular endurance, and power development.
What blood pressure is reflective of a hypertensive crisis?
A systolic reading greater than 180 mm Hg and/or a diastolic reading greater than 120 mm Hg
Which of the following would be the recommended stability ball size for someone under 5 feet tall?
What is defined as the level of commitment to a behavior or plan of action?
What phase of the OPT model would hypertrophy fall under?
Phase 3 - Muscular Development
Why are children at a disadvantage when participating in short-duration (10 to 90 second) high-intensity anaerobic activities?
Children produce less of the glycolytic enzymes that are required to support sustained anaerobic power.
Which of the following is not considered a closed-chain exercise?
Lat pulldowns; Closed-chain exercises involve movements in which the distal extremities (hands or feet) are in a constant fixed position and the force applied by an individual is not great enough to overcome the resistance (such as the ground or an immovable object). Examples of closed-chain exercises include push-ups, pull-ups, and squats.
What is a joint disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissue, causing an inflammatory response?
In which population is type 1 osteoporosis most prevalent?
Type 1 osteoporosis is most prevalent in postmenopausal women because of a deficiency in estrogen, usually secondary to menopause.
Which of the following is the most accurate statement regarding proprioceptive modalities?
Using heavy weights while performing exercises on proprioceptive modalities is considered dangerous.
Resistance band exercises are best utilized in which phases of the OPT model?
Phase 2 and 5; Elastic resistance has been shown to improve muscular endurance, and it is effective for power development.
Which of the following modalities will provide the most benefits to Phases 1, 4 and 5 of the OPT model?
Sandbags; Because of the range of bag weights available, the constant shifting of the sand, and the ability of the bags to be thrown or carried, sandbags are a viable choice for almost every phase of the OPT model.
Which of the following is an appropriate assessment for a senior client who is sedentary?
Pushing and pulling assessments are appropriate for most sedentary senior clients.
What are common physical characteristics of those with emphysema?
Those with emphysema are frequently underweight and may exhibit hypertrophied neck muscles.
What is defined as the state of elevated glucose in the bloodstream?
Hyperglycemia; Chronic hyperglycemia is linked with a number of diseases associated with damage to the kidneys, heart, nerves, eyes, and circulatory system.
Which of the following is an optional component of an OPT workout and is based on client goals and fitness levels?
At what BMI threshold does a person's chance for obesity-related health problems increase?
A BMI of 30 or greater is obese. The risk of chronic disease increases in proportion to the rise in BMI in both adults and adolescents.
Which of the following is not one of the primary levels of the OPT model?
What phase of the OPT model does the adaptation "muscular strength and hypertrophy" fall into?
Which of the following is not a purpose of an effective cool-down?
Increase breathing rate
Loaded movement training is best achieved with which training modality?
What type of diabetes occurs when cells are resistant to insulin, meaning that the insulin present cannot transfer adequate amounts of blood sugar into the cell?
Individuals with type 2 diabetes usually produce adequate amounts of insulin; however, their cells are resistant to the insulin.
Antirotational exercises are often this sort of movement by nature.
Unilateral; Antirotational exercises are performed from a stationary trunk position. These exercises target the deep muscles of the core and stabilize the lumbar spine.
Which is a primary adaptation of the Stabilization Endurance phase?
Which resistance training system is most appropriate for hypertensive clients?
Peripheral heart action system; Exercise training programs should be progressed slowly and performed in a circuit-style or peripheral heart action training system to distribute blood flow between the upper and lower extremities.
What is the leading cause of death and disability for both men and women?
Coronary heart disease
Which of the following modality/exercise combinations provides the most demands on explosive power?
Medicine ball chest pass
Which of the following exercises provides the most challenge for the antirotational stabilizing muscles?
Regarding free-weight training, which of the following is the most accurate statement?
Free weights may improve dynamic joint stabilization and proprioception.; Free weights allow individuals to perform exercises in all planes of motion (including sagittal, frontal, and transverse) with various degrees of ranges of motion consistent with those experienced in daily life and sport. Combining all these motions enhances motor learning and improves muscular coordination and performance.
Which is a primary adaptation of the Power Training phase?
Rate of force production
What type of periodization uses changes in volume and intensity on a daily or weekly basis?
Which of the following is proper technique during a squat movement?
Tracking the knees over the second and third toes
Heavy battle rope training is an ideal training modality for which of the following phases?
Phases 4 and 5
Which of the following two modalities are the most alike?
ViPR and sandbag; Both ViPR and sandbags provide external load resistance and can be used in multiple planes of motion, as well as for traditional movements.
A Certified Personal Trainer may seek further proprioceptive development in which of the following phases?
What is known as a sudden lack of blood supply to the brain, caused by either a blockage in an artery or a ruptured blood vessel?
During the standing cable chest press, the resistance should be positioned to do what?
The resistance should be positioned to resist shoulder horizontal adduction (and instead pull the shoulder into horizontal abduction).
When developing a safe and effective warm-up for Phase 1, what is an important consideration for flexibility?
Self-myofascial techniques and static stretching are the types of flexibility training used in Phase 1.
When discussing fitness trackers and heart rate monitors, which of the following statements is the most accurate?
Fitness trackers provide the user with conformational feedback, such as a recorded history of exercise time and effort.; Physical results, such as weight or inches lost, may not be noticeable to the individual on a daily basis. However, the tracking device can provide a monitored record of effort for the user to enhance motivation.
Which of the following is a characteristic of undulating periodization?
Changing acute variables on a weekly basis; also known as non lineaer
A client is taking prescription beta-blockers for hypertension. Which exercise is the safest for him to perform?
Standing cobra; Hypertensive clients should avoid exercises in supine positions.
Your client has shown great improvements in their mobility and flexibility. Following the OPT model, what phase would you recommend next?
Mobility and flexibility primarily fall under Phase 1 of the OPT model, Phase 2 Strength Endurance, would be the next logical step.
What is the primary goal of repeating flexibility training during a cool-down?
Restore optimal length-tension relationships; Restoring normal length-tension relationships in muscles helps to preserve postural alignment and reduce the risk of overtraining.
Which structures of the body does osteoporosis commonly affect?
Neck of the femur and the lumbar (low-back) vertebrae; These structures are part of the core and located where the majority of all forces come together. Thus, a decrease in bone mineral density places the core in a weakened state, making it more susceptible to injury, such as a fracture.
Core and balance exercises are a component of which part of an OPT workout?
Activation; Exercises for balance and LPHC stabilization help prepare a client to move optimally during the rest of the workout
What does this describe? 'Sustained exercise at a constant rate (steady state) without rests'.
what does the general survey cover
What substances are stored in bone?
What is the nerve innervation of the rhomboid major?
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