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37 terms

Short Stories, Novels, and Writing Terms and Devices

Study these terms and devices for your Short Story and Novel Unit Test
STUDY
PLAY
allusion
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
antagonist
A character or force in conflict with the main character
apostrophe
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
cliche
A worn-out idea or overused expression
climax
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
comedy
A literary work which ends happily because the hero or heroine is able to overcome obstacles and get what he or she wants.
compare
Give an account of the similarities between two (or more) items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
conflict
A struggle between opposing forces
conclusion
A summary based on evidence or facts
euphemism
An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant, A more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable
exposition
A narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances.
expository
A form of writing that provides information or explains something to an audience. A report or an essay are examples.
falling action
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution
first person point of view
Narrator tells story from his/her point of view and refers to him/herself as "I". This narrator may be an active character ir observer.
flashback
A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events
foreshadowing
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
idiom
A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words, A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
irony
A contrast or discrepancy between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen.
limited omniscient point of view
The author tells the story, using the third person, but is limited to a complete knowledge of one character in the story and tells us only what that one character thinks, feels, sees, or hears.
mood
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
metonymy
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it, A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated (such as "crown" for "royalty").
narration
Retelling an event or series of events
narrator
One who tells a story
objective point of view
a narrator who is totally impersonal and objective tells the story, with no comment on any characters or events.
omniscient point of view
The point of view where the narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems - told in the 3rd person.
persuasion
A kind of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people's actions.
pathos
A quality that evokes pity or sadness
plot
Sequence of events in a story
rising action
Events leading up to the climax
run-on sentence
made up of two or more sentences that are incorrectly run together as a single sentence
satire
A work that reveals a critical attitude toward some element of human behavior by portraying it in an extreme way. It doesn't simply abuse (as in invective) or get personal (as in sarcasm). It targets groups or large concepts rather than individuals.
setting
The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs.
sentence fragment
a sentence missing a subject or verb or complete thought
suspense
Excited anticipation of an approaching climax
theme
Central idea of a work of literature
third person point of view
an unknown narrator, tells the story, but this narrator zooms in to focus on the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
tone
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.