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WGU American Politics & The US Constitution- Court Cases

Terms in this set (34)

Women who had very strong religious beliefs...she worked M-F for years on end. Her work tried to change her schedule and told her that she had to work on Saturdays...which was the day she goes to church, she told them that she couldn't because she goes to church on Saturday, and they told her too bad and scheduled her for Saturdays anyway. She did not show up to work on Saturday and was fired. She tried to look for another job that would let her have Saturdays off, but couldn't find another job that would let her have Saturdays off. She decided to apply for unemployment benefits, the government employee named Verner told her that she did not qualify; and said that many jobs that would not make her work on Saturdays....she feels like she is being forced to work instead of being able to follow her freedom of conscious/ religion so she sewed the government because of the laws for the unemployment...the lower court says no- just get a job, you don't qualify for unemployment...when all the way to the supreme court:

Supreme Court ruled -Government Laws CANNOT take away free exercise of religion- they would giver her unemployment benefits until she can find a job that does not require her to work on her church day.
-This began the Strict Scrutiny Test- a process to see if she had truly been discriminated against.
è The court also established the 4 prong test to help determine when a law violates "the free exercise of religion
1). Does the person have a claim involving a sincere religious belief? and
2). Does the government law cause a substantial burden on the person's ability to act on that sincere religious belief? If the answer to #1 and #2 is "yes", then the Court requires the government to demonstrate that
3). It is acting to further a compelling government interest with its law; and
4). It is using the least restrictive means to pursue that compelling government interest.