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Journal Articles BS
Terms in this set (192)
How do cortisol levels correlate to observed dog behaviors/personalities?
hunched posture (at dog park) correlates to higher levels of cortisol, but no other behaviors or personality types had any correlation, though scored personality types did correlate with observed behaviors (duh).
Does positive attitude and handling (by people toward shelter dogs) have any validity in predicting how likely a dog is to approach people through the kennel door?
Yes, Pos attitude/handling correlate to increase willingness to approach unknown person.
In Duffy et al 2014, how likely were surrendering owners to give unreliable or biased response on the CBARQ?
No consistent evidence of unreliable or biased responses, owner provided info correlated well with shelter staff assessments of aggressive and nonaggressive dogs in shelter. Surrendering owners and adopting owners revealed sign correlations in observed behaviors in adopted dogs for 3 traits: stranger aggression, chewing inappropriate objects, and urination when left alone.
In Duffy et al 2014 how did owner provided info in the CBARQ correlate to eventual outcome?
High discrimination (CBARQ matched outcome)
Bennett et al 2015: Using SAFER, how did behavioral assessments of the same dog compare on day 0 vs day 3? What is recommendation for when to do in shelter behavior assessment?
Agreement on all subtests of SAFER was highly variable on day 0 vs day 3. Timing of assessment should be based on welfare of individual dog, and dogs showing signs of severe stress should not be tested.
Eken Asp 2015: T/F- In surveys from dog owners, breed was one trait that had significant effects on many everyday behavior traits.
T. Age and sex also did. Working breeds 10% more trainable, 30% more playful, and 10-60% less fearful (but people are stupid about understanding dogs, so how valid is this??). Fearful dogs were more aggressive (shocker) while more social dogs were less fearful and less aggressive (would that not be the definition of a more social dog?!)
Haverbeke 2015: What factors in the field limit the utility of canine behavioral evaluations?
Lack of time, finances. Only 1 validated behavior eval was identified.
Mornemont 2015: What was the overall predictive validity of the Beh Assessment for Rehoming K9s (BARK) protocol? What behaviors were best predicted?
relatively poor based on in shelter assessment compared to post adoption surveys of adopters. Behaviors best predicted included "fearful/inappropriate toileting" and anxiety. However, in general, neither problem behaviors nor aggression were not predicted.
Rayment 2015: What is the conclusion about interpreting battery beh tests in animal shelters?
"interpreted within the limitations of the context in whcih they are performed,, and test developers should consider other methods which personality may be assessed within the shelter environment."
THE FAKE DOG STUDY, Shabalansky 2015: How much aggreement in observed behaviors was there in a dog presented with a fake dog in one test, and a live dog in a separate test? Dogs were categorized by behavior traits (friendly, aggressive, fearful) based on observed behaviors.
There was high agreement for dogs categorized as friendly. Aggressive trait showed terrible agreement, fearful trait moderate agreement. Conclusion: You make be able to trust assessment based on fake dog for friendly dogs, but not for anyone else.
Gilber-Gregory 2016: Does traz reduce stress related signs and behaviors in hospitalized dogs?
Yes, it sure does.
Dean 2017: Oromucosal application of ______ may reduce the signs of fear and anxiety in some dogs with noise associated phobias
Conley 2014: T/F: Dogs receiving 2 min of pos daily human contact (HC) or HC+ toys were more likely to approach the kennel door when a person was at the gate.
Barrera 2015: When presented with a food puzzle today _______ (choose pet dogs or shelter dogs) spent longer interacting with the object, while the ____________ (choose pet dogs or shelter dogs) spent more time gazing at the nearby person.
When presented with a food puzzle todaypet dogs spent longer interacting with the object, while the shelter dogs spent more time gazing at the nearby person.
Patronek 2016: Of dogs who do not appear obviously dangerous prior to performing a behavioral evaluation, most dogs with a "positive" result (a problem found on eval) will be false positives. Why?
Because even in shelters the prevalence of aggressive behaviors is low, so mathematically most positive tests will be false positives.
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