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AmHi Chapter Two
answers and f.i.t.b.
Terms in this set (20)
the base of the economy, using gold and silver to determine the value of the goods
prohibits trade with countries other than Britain
Colonial Trade and Mercantilism
1700-1750: The colonial economy __ dramatically; benefiting from the __ Empire. Colonies imported manufactured goods, and exported raw materials to England. The mercantilist system heavily relied on government regulation, which allowed the American economy to grow, but also created conflict. Some farmers sent their produce __, but some worked for themselves, or to barter in the local market. Colonial ___ began practicing in many different towns.
grew, English, overseas, craftsmen
Mid 1700s: American colonies had created a ___ economy, including a variety of agricultural products. New England; __ and __; Pennsylvania and __; grain, meat and dairy; Chesapeake Region (mainly Virginia); __ and __; South; __, and __.
diversified export, fish, meat, New York, tobacco, grain, rice, indigo
Slavery in Colonial America
Slave labour greatly contributed to the economy's __. It was essential for cultivating tobacco, rice, indigo, and __ in the British West Indies, southern and Chesapeake colonies. These colonies contributed __% of the exports.
success, sugar, 95
Every year ___ of people were shipped from Africa as slaves. They were brought from the west coast of Africa to the Caribbean or America. They were crammed onto __, with sanitation non-existent. Because of the importance to the economy, "politicians ensured laws governing the ownership and treatment of slaves were codified." They were treated as any other __ piece of __.
tens of thousands, slave ships, valuable, property
1700-1750: During this time, women had__ freedom. Some worked in the fields, or as midwives, and the work was divided equally. Widows also had considerable freedom, gaining a __ of her husband's estate, and some would operate businesses on their own. In ___ wives were often called "deputy husbands" and "yoke mates" reflecting a fairly high degree of __.
considerable, third, New England, partnership
1733: A group of women in New York City expressed their___ by protesting their exclusion from politics. They declared "We are housekeepers, pay our taxes, carry on trade and most of us are she Merchants."
1730s: The Great Awakening, a religious __, took place, leading to a dramatic increase in church membership, especially with young people. __, a minister in Northampton Massachusetts, helped lead the movement. He started preaching __ sermons to the youth and poor in his district. Many preachers in New England followed in his footsteps.
revival, Jonathan Edward, emotional
1738: __ led an expansion of religious revival. He toured the colonies, preaching to groups up to __ people.
George Whitefield, 30,000
1700-1750: Britain and France fought many wars along the __ of their colonies. Similar timing as the wars in Europe, but the causes were local. The wars focused on ___, and each side __ on their Native American allies.
frontier, fur trading, relied
1702: An uneasy truce along the frontier ended with the beginning of the Queen Anne's War, also referred to as the War of the ___ Succession.
1704: The French and their allies, the ___, attacked Deerfield, Massachusetts. This was one of the most notorious incidents. Over 50 people were killed, and a hundred more were captured, including the town clerk and his family. Some people remained in New France after their capture. Later, the French gained control of ___ and built a fortress called Louisburg, __ the entrance to the St. Lawrence River.
Abenakis, Île Royale, blocking
French and Indian War
Mid 1700s: Worried about the English and the colonists, the French built several__.
1753: The colonists saw the forts as a threat, and sent a young Virginia militia officer named ____ to spy on the French. When Washington returned, he had news of French ___, which was shocking. Washington was sent back with a militia regiment, but it was a failure. Many of his men died, and he himself had to __.
George Washington, expansion, surrender
1754: A struggle for the __ broke out between the American colonists, and the French with their Native Americans. This ignited a clash of the two empires, ending in__ victory. This became part of the Seven Years War. Britain was seeking global __, but the colonists just wanted to expand their settlement, and the French needed to be __ in order to do so.
Ohio Valley, British, primacy, eliminated
1755: England decided the militia could not handle the situation, the British dispatched ___ and a large military force, to capture __. However, on July 9, a force of French soldiers and their allies ambushed them, fatally wounding Braddock.
General Edward Braddock, Fort Duquesne
___: Another British expedition took place to get Fort Duquesne. This time, they persuaded the Native Americans to abandon the French, in exchange for protection. By the time they reached the fort, it was__. There were several other forts that the English took control of this year as well. (also considered British victory.)
After the English's success, the Native American leaders expected the ___ of their territories as promised by the English. It was clear this was ___ going to happen when British began building forts.
1763: The Native Americans protested, saying the English had no right to give the French the Ohio River Valley. The English made it even worse by ending their traditional gift giving .___, a spiritual leader, called for an end of European control. The Ottawa Chief Pontiac allied with him, organizing a confederacy to attack the British forts. They captured Fort Michilimackinac, along with many others. Over ___ colonists died. The British used blankets ___, causing epidemics. They failed to obtain the Ohio River Valley.
Neolin, 2,000, infected with smallpox
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