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28 terms

Weekly Quiz 6 & 8

The quiz
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An X-ray determines that peter fractured the shaft of his humerus. The break is in the __________ of the bone.
Diaphysis
The cubital or elbow joint is an example of a ___________ joint.
Hinge
An example of a symphsis is the _______
Intervertebral joint
A connective tissue sheath around cartilage is the __________
perichondrium
You would look for concentric lamellae on __________
the outer surface of compact bone tissues.
What chemical causes an increase in the blood calcium level?
Parathyroid hormone
The joint between the teeth and the mandibular alveolus is an example of a ___________.
Gomphosis
Which joint is the most movable?
Synovial
What type of tissue covers the ends of long bones?
Articular
The function of a bursa is to ___________
provide a fluid filled cushion.
Rotating the forearm so that the palm faces posteriorly is called _________
Pronation
Most of the joints in the appendicular skeleton are _____ joints.
synovial
The thick fibrocartilage disks found in the knee joint are called __________
menisci
When two bones grow together across a joint to form a single bone, this is called a ________
synostosis
The sequence of events that produces growth at the epiphyseal plate is _________.
proliferation, hypertrophy, calcification, cell death, ossification & remodeling
Cartilaginous Joints unite ______________
two bones by means of fibrocartilage or hyaline cartilage.
The glenoid labrum is part of the _____ joint while the acetabular labrum is part of the _______ joint.
shoulder, hip
Haversian systems or osteons are the _____
basic units in the compact bone tissue.
These are blood vessels that carry blood from the medullary cavity & periosteum to the osteon & run perpendicular to the long axis of the bone.
Volkmann's canals
What strengthens the attachment of the tendons or ligaments to bone?
Sharpey's Fibers
The type of cartilage associated with bone function and development is _____
hyaline cartilage
A band of connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone is a _______
tendon
Cancellous bone tissue contains ________
?
Important functions of the skeletal system include _____________
protection of the brain and soft organs.
A synchondrosis may be ____________
Temporary
Name the four major stages in a simple fracture repair.
1. Hematoma forms
2. Fibrocartilagenous callus forms
3. Bony Callus Forms
4. Bone remodeling occurs
Name the pericardium job
acts like a girdle to resist outward expansion when cartilage is compressed.
Name 3 types of cartilage.
hyaline
elastic
fibrocartilage