27 terms

Unit 2 - Pre-Columbian Civilizations

Vocabulary for Aztec, Inca, and Maya Civilizations
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Maya
These people lived in what is now Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and a few other countries. They invented a ballgame perhaps similar to our game of basketball. They lived around 1000 BC.
gods
Many of these were invented to explain the way the world and nature worked. These were worshiped and prayed to in order to have successful crops.
Aztec
This empire existed in modern day Mexico. They built canals, used pointed sticks to plant seeds, and hunted wild animals for food. They lived around 1200-1500 AD.
Tenochtitlan
First major city and capital of the Aztec Empire founded in about 1325 AD.
Montezuma II
This man was the emperor of the Aztec Empire when Cortez came and caused the fall of the empire.
Hernan(do) Cortez
This explorer is responsible for the fall of the Aztec Empire. He explored in the name of God and his country of Spain. He was cruel and had no respect for natives or their culture.
conquer
To take control of a place or a people using force.
human sacrifice
The practice of killing humans as offerings to the gods and demons to make them happy. Happy gods and demons meant good crops, healthy citizens, and sunny days.
disease
These sicknesses, such as tuberculosis, smallpox, measles, and mumps were brought to these ancient empires by European explorers. They spread rapidly and millions of natives died.
calendar
An early number system to keep track of dates developed by the Mayan people. They were also the first known culture to have a symbol for zero.
astronomy
The practice of studying the movement of the sun, moon, and stars.
Mayan Calendar
Mayan Ball Court
Tenochtitlan
Aztec Famous Artifact
Chichen Itza
Chief Mayan City
Inca
This empire was located along the South American coast, including Peru, Chile, and Equador. This civilization began around 1200 AD and thrived until the Spanish arrived in 1500s.
Machu Picchu
An ancient Inca fortress city in the Andes northwest of Cuzco, Peru. Its extensive ruins, including elaborate terraces, were discovered in 1911.
Machu Picchu
canals
A series of ditches that can move water to areas for watering crops and farmland. An irrigation system.
hunter & gatherers
People who wander the land hunting for food and gathering plants to eat. When plants or animals diminish, these people pack up and move again where food is available.
Francisco Pizarro
This man was a cruel Spanish Conquistador who caused the fall of the Inca Empire. He had little respect for the Inca natives.
Atahualpa
The 13th and last Incan emperor captured by Spaniards. Pizarro murdered him and took large amounts of gold, treasure, and silver.
Inca Gold Art
Inca Empire
Aztec Empire
Maya Empire