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Terms in this set (64)
isomers that are mirror images of each other
Ohm's Law... what is needed
I=V/R, To determine R, the resistance per unit length, the length, and the potential V are needed
NO2(OH) dissolved in water and produced an acidic solution, and Ni(OH)2 dissolved only in an acidic solution.
NO2(OH) is oxyacid because OH breaks to generate acidic environment. Ni(OH)2 is basic anion - Ni and O break and H reacts quickly with protons in the acidic solution
What is an oxyacid?
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element, usually a nonmetal. They react with water to form oxyacids that yield hydronium ions (H3O+) in solution.
What is a basic anion
A base is something that accepts a H+ so are normally anions.
thin layer chromatography
Nonpolar compounds thus dissolve in the organic solvent and elute quickly and move up the plate more, whereas polar substances stick more to the gel.
Compounds are identified with their Retention Factor
Rf = distance spot moved/distance solvent front moved.
NADPH + H+ + O2 + R-H → NADP+ + H2O + R-OH
In this reaction, NADPH functions as:
An ultrasound examination could show the motion of a fetus. In order to image this motion, the ultrasound examination devices requires what minimal information?
The speed of the sound, and the frequencies of the sound waves emitted and observed.
The Doppler effect relates the frequency of the ultrasound wave as detected by a moving detector to the frequency of the wave when the source is stationary, the speed of the source, and the speed of the detector.
moving sound source or observer, reflection of sound from a moving object
The principal quantum number is a measure of which of the following?
Approximate radial size of an electron cloud
relationship between resistance and temperature
relationship between current and resistance
important wavenumbers to memorize for IR spectrum
C-O: ~1100 cm^-1
C=O: ~1750 cm^-1
O-H in carboxylic acids: 3000 cm^-1
O-H in alcohols: 3300 cm^-1 broad
amines: 3300 cm^-1 sharp
concave, IR and UV - hyperopia (farsight) )( --
convex, UV - myopia (nearsight) ()
What the image looks like behind and in front of focal point
remember the mnemonics "Behind the RIM" and "MUV in Front" to determine that the image looks like when the object is placed either Behind or in Front of the focal point
What procedure can be used to remove the water from the frozen sample?
sublimation of the water under reduced pressure will keep the mixture cold and will maintain the protein in its native state
frequency f of a photon
E = hf which gives f = E/h where h is Planck's constant (6.62 × 10-34 J·s)
What family of biomolecules is GTP in
GTP stands for guanosine tri-phosphate, which is a nucleotide.
removes phosphate group. cleavage of phosphate bonds utilizing water to remove a molecule of inorganic phosphate
transfer functional groups
an enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to a specified molecule.
catalyzes the rearrangement of bonds within a single molecule
reverse the motion (ER -> Golgi) and return the protein to the ER. Normally, protein transcription principally occurs in the ER. The proteins are then transported to the Golgi apparatus for post translational modification, processing, and packaging for proper localization.
Splicing out introns is ____ possible in proks
what is kt
Transport affinity (Kt) is a property of transport proteins. NOT dependent on concentration of transport protein
GADPH- where is it found?
Found in EUCHROMATIN
- Housekeeping gene
- expressed continuously
- gene that is always turned on must be accessible to transcription factors
- Euchromatin is in a loose conformation and readily accessible for transcription
which aa have 2 nitrogen atoms
- amino acids that contain two nitrogen atoms, only asparagine, glutamine, and tryptophan carry an equal amount of positive and negative charge at neutral pH.
- zwitterionic at pH 7
Thick hollow tubes that make up the cilia, flagella, and spindle fibers.
Long, thin fibers that function in the movement and support of the cell
A component of the cytoskeleton that includes all filaments intermediate in size between microtubules and microfilaments
contractile unit of a muscle fiber
Occurs when one item brought into working memory triggers an activation of related memory
depth of processing
the idea that information that is thought about at a deeper level is better remembered
serial position effect
our tendency to recall best the last (a recency effect) and first items (a primacy effect) in a list
the disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information
a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence
tendency of group members to move to an extreme position after discussing an issue as a group
Spearman's idea of general intelligence
intelligence is not separated (a whole). A disorder will impair all aspects of intelligence
Gardner's idea of 8 intelligences
differentiates intelligence into different modalities
Galton's idea of hereditary genius
human ability is hereditary. One would need to have a more detailed account of the intelligence history of the participants' families
Binet's idea of mental age
how a child at a specific age performs intellectually compared to average intellectual performance for that physical age in years
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher (consequences)
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events. Associating reflexes with previously neutral stimuli
learning by observing others; also called social learning
learning that remains hidden until its application becomes useful. Refers to learning without an explicit change in behavior
Kohlberg's stages of moral development
6 identifiable developmental stages of moral reasoning form the basis of ethical behavior
- pre-conventional (level 1) externally controlled
----- first stage (obedience and punishment orientation)
----- second stage (self-interest orientation)
- conventional (level 2) personal/social
----- third stage (interpersonal accord and conformity); approval of others
----- fourth stage (authority and social-order maintaining orientation); blindly follow
- post-conventional (level 3) own ethical values
----- 5th stage (social contract orientation); change laws
----- 6th stage (universal ethical principles)
Piaget's stages of cognitive development
1. sensorimotor: (0-2) object permanence
2. preoperational: (2-7) dramatic play
3. concrete operational: (7-11) reversibility, 1+ feature at a time, quantity stays the same
4. formal operational: (11+) hypothetical reasoning
less economically (than core countries/developed) developed with weak governments and institutions
according to world systems theory, nations that are more developed than peripheral nations but less developed than core nations
Mead: Theory of the Self
development of the self
-----all the stages before essentially are taking in a bunch of info to shape ourselves
the final stage, we see ourselves as subject and object
me= socialized, conforming self... what we should do
I= the spontaneous self, doing whatever
freud ego, ID, and superego
- ID: primitive, sexual, aggressive, hidden mems
- superego: moral conscience
- ego: in between
a learned ability to differentiate among similar products
the tendency to respond to a stimulus that is only similar to the original conditioned stimulus with the conditioned response
is the response to the event that is naturally fear-arousing - emotional
a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses
a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
limited capacity store for retaining information for a brief period while performing mental operations on that information
- repeating a sentence while being presented with target words will engage the phonological loops of working memory
Memories we don't deliberately remember or reflect on consciously
evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own culture.
An outlook influenced by the beliefs, social forms, and traits of a group.
the phenomenon whereby social and class relations of prestige or lack of prestige are passed from one generation to the next
task performance anxiety induced by the implicit activation of stereotypes
how can we see better in the dark?
The periphery of the retina contains denser rods that are light sensitive
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