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Practice Exam #1
Terms in this set (182)
Which of the following structures is located in the alveolar(thicked ridged of bone that contains tooth sockets) processes?
Which of the following is the wound classification for bronchoscopy ?
The enzyme used to soften the zonules of the lens before cataract surgery is ?
How should the stretcher be oriented when necessary to use the elevator to trasnport patient to the OR?
Enter head first, exit feet first
Which of the following is curved, transverse incision across the lower abdomen frequently used in gynecological surgery?
When perforated metal tray are placed on the shelves of the steam sterilizing cart,they should be positioned:
Hyperkalemia high concentration of:
Which of the following tissues are cut using curve mayo scissors
Which laser beam can travel through clear tissues without heating them?
Permission for treatment given with full knowledge of the risks is a/an:
Which portion of the stomach surrounds the lower esophageal sphincter?
Low level disinfectants kill most microbes, but do not destroy:
webbed fingers or toes
The surgical pack utilized to create the sterile field should be opened on the :
The islets of Langerhans secrete
insulin, glucagon, somatostatin
What type of procedure would involve the removal of teeth
Which organism is a normal resident flora of the intestinal tract ?
Where should the first scrub surgical technologist stand when handing towels to the surgeon to square off an incision site?
Same side as the surgeon
A properly performed surgical scrub renders the skin:
Through which of the following do the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct empty ?
Ampulla of Vater
Which of the follwing identifiers must be vertified by the patient or their ID bracelet prior to transporting a patient to the OR?
Name, date of birth, and physician
What are spiral shaped bacteria called?
The primary fuction of the gallbladder is to :
Which of the following is a non-sterile member of the surgical team ?
Which of the following is not a benefit of using surface-mounted sliding doors for access to operating room?
Aid in controlling temperature
What are the three factors for reducing ionizing radition exposure?
Which is the first part of the small intestine
What is the surgical position frequently used for patients undergoing kidney surgery?
How are the rikettsiae transmitted ?
Which of the following is an examination of the cervix using a binocular microscope?
Compression of the heart from excessive fluid or blood build up is called:
Which surgical team member determines when the patient can be transported from the OR to the PACU?
Which suffix means surgical puncture to remove fluid ?
To which portion of the colon is the appendix attached ?
Which laboratory test determines bacterial identification ?
Medication used to dilate the pupil is called
Which of the following drapes is non-fenestrated?
Under what circumstances would it be appropriate to remove a patients identification bracelet ?
Never, until patient is discharged from facility
What is the position most commonly used for mitral valve replacement ?
which laser is best used during a vitrectomy (eye surgery)?
Which of the following monitors provides positive assurance of sterility?
The apron-like structure attached to the greater curvature of the stomach is the:
Which microbes live without oxygen?
Which of the following is an abnonormal tract between two epithelium-lined surface that is open at both ends ?
Wha is the action of antagoist drugs?
Counteract the action of another drug
Which of the following directional terms describes the type of skin prep of an entire extremity?
What organs are excised if an ovarian tumor is malignant?
Bilateral fallopian tubes and ovaries, uterus.
Which term refers to an abnormal thoracic curve of the spine referred to as "hunchback"
What is the medical term for a bunion?
What incision is also known as a lower oblique?
The small intestine attaches to the posterior abdominal wall by the :
What is the term for a relationship in which two orgamism occupy the same area and one orgamism benefits while the other is unharmed?
A)two species interact but do not affect each other
B) two organisms, two different species each benefits
C)Two different organism, 1 organism receives benefits from the other, by damage.
A topical steroid used to reduce inflammation after eye surgery is:
How is the surgical informed consent signed if an adult patient is illiterate?
Patient marks with an "X" and witness verifies
What direction should the stretcher be oriented when transporting a patient to the OR deparment?
Feet first, side rails up
Which of the following routine preoperative laboratory studies would be ordered for premenopausal women with no history of hysterectomy ?
HCG- Human Chorionic gonadotropin
Which portion of the surgical gown is considered non-sterile?
Upper-arms, neckline and axillary region
What is the name of the urinary catheter with a small, curved tapered tip used on patients with urethral strictures?
What is the surgical position commonly used for thyroid and gall bladder surgery?
A congintal defect in which the fetal blood vessels between the pulmonary artery and aorta does not close is:
Patent ductus arteriosus
A)coarctation of the aorta
B)Tetralogy of Fallot
C)Ventricular septal defect
A)narrowing of the descending portion of the aorta, resulting in a limited flow of blood to the lower part of the body
B) Congenital heart condition , involving all 4 abnormalities
C) Conginal defect a hole in the heart.
Which of the following is a commonly used preservetive for tissues specimens ?
What is the first step taken for the intial incorrect closing sponge count?
Notify surgeon and repeat count
The mumps(swelling of salivary glands) may be diagnosed by finding inflammation in which of the following glands ?
What isntitutional document is completed when an adverse or unusual event takes place in the OR that may have legal consequensces for the staff or patient ?
For which procedure would Trendelenburg position provide optimal visualization?
Which of the following is a nonadherent dressing ?
Which of the following is a fenestrated drape?
Which of the following terms describes a hernia that occurs within Hesselbach's triangle?
Which of the following incisions is oblique ?
Kocher (under breast)
Which of the following dilators are used in the common duct ?
Which of the following is a mechanical method of hemostasis ?
The organ that is connected by a duct to the duodenum is the :
A brain tumor causing alteration of muscle tone, voluntary muscle coordination, gait and balance would likely be located in the:
What is the term for relationship that benefits one organism at the expense of another ?
What type of disease is characterized by rapid onset and rapid recovery ?
Acute(short time )
Which organelle is responsible for the production of energy?
What type of anesthesia is a combination of inhalation and intravenous drugs?
Who is ultimately responsible for obtaning the surgical informed conset ?
What position is most commonly used for neurosurgical procedures ?
The outer layer of the instestineis the :
Which of the following solutions should be used to prep the donor site for split-thichkness skin graft ?
Chlorhexidine, colorless allowing surgeon better view.
What type of drape would be used for a flank procedure?
Where should the safety strap be placed on a patient who is in the supine position?
Which surgical procedure is performed to correct an abnormality in which the urethral meatus is situated on the superior aspect of the penis ?
Epispadias repair (opening of urethra, opens up instead at tip)
Which thermal method of hemostasis utilizes intense, focused light?
What is the most common cause of intracebral hermorrhage?
The larynx is located between the :
Pharynx and trachea
The most common cause of retinal detachment is :
What postoperative complication is associated with total hip arthroplasty?
Which of the following is a type of passive drain?
The vocal cords are located in the
What type of aquired immunity is a vaccination ?
When would the anesthesia provider request cricoid pressure ?
Which intrument would be used during a keratoplasty( surgery on cornea) to remove the cornea?
What is the required minimum number of individuals to transfer an incapacitated patient from the OR table to the stretcher ?
Which of the following regulations states that blood and body fluids should be considered infectious ?
Which of the following is a major source of distress for toddle and preschool age patients being transported to the operating room?
Which structure has oral, nasal, and laryngeal divisions ?
Otoplasty is performed to correct a congenital deformity of which structure?
An injury a patinet sustains as a result of the care given by the healthcare professional is called ?
The highly vascular layer of the eye that absorbs light rays and nourishes the retina is the ?
According to the Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which of the following is the patient satisfying when he/she trusts the surgical teams abilities ?
Which aneurysm usually develops between the renal and iliac arteries?
The agent used to flush an artery to prevent clotting is ?
What is the next step for reattachment of a severed digit after debridement?
Bone-to Bone fixation
What type of skin graft includes the epidermis and all of the dermis ?
Which muscle type is striated and voluntary
Which of the following terms refers to absence of the external ear?
What is the recommended maximum time limit for a tourniquet to remain inflated on an adult lower extremity ?
1 1/2 hours
Which organism causes gas gangrene?
Chest rolls should span the distance bilaterally between which two anatomical structures?
Acromioclavicular joint to iliac crest
Which ossicle of the middle ear convers the oval window ?
What is another name for Kraske Position ?
What type of sponge is tightly rolled cotton tape used by surgeons for blunt dissection?
Which of these intrument would be used during a keratoplasty?
Cottingham punch, to create the correct cornea size
A partially dislocated joint is called?
What condition is characterized by build-up of fatty deposits such as cholesterol ?
Plaster rolls for casting should be submerged in which of the following?
The avascular( lack associated of blood vessels ),clear portion of the eye covering the iris is the :
How often should surgical masks be changed ?
After each case
Which term describes a rod-shaped microorganism?
When using the warm cycle of the EtO (Gas operated at low temp) sterilizer, what is the minimum sterilization temperature in Fahrenheit ?
Which of the followig actions would be a violation of aseptic technique ?
Cuffing the hands within the drape
Which legal principle applies when the patient is given the wrong dose of the local anesthetic?
Res ipsa loquitor, speaks for itself
The space between the vocal cords is called the :
Which bacteria could be found in a penetrating wound caused by the rusty nail?
Which of the following retractors is used for spinal nerve roots
What is another name for the electrosurgical units patient return electrode ?
What size of Foley catheter is commonly used for adults?
Which of the following tumors is typically beging, encapsulated and arises from tissue covering the central nervous system structures?
The fibrous white layer that gives the eye its shape is the:
What is the term for thread-like appendages that provide bacteria with motion ?
What surgical position provides optimal visualization of the lower abdomen or pelvis?
How many hours must an item submerse in glutaraldehyde to sterilize?
When a patinets blood pressure is 135/81, 135 refers to :
A term referring to a waxy secretion in the external ear canal is:
Which of the following is an ossicle of the middle ear ?
What is the term for the process of removing blood from an extremity prior to inflating the pneumatic tourniquet ?
Which of the following may requier probing and dilating in pediatric patients with upper respiratory infections?
Which surgical team member is responsible for setting up the sterile field?
In what circumstances would cell-saver transfusion be contraindicated ?
Satinsky, Herrick, and Mayo clamps may be specifically used on which of the following structures?
The nasal cavity is divided into two portions by the:
Which of the following is used by the surgeon to intermittely remove prostatic tissue fragments during s TURP?
Ellik evacuator, with irrigation
Which type of hematoma is a result of torn bridging meningeal veins?
In addition to temperature, time, and moisture, what is the fourth factor that determines the outcome of the steam sterilization process?
The Bowie-Dick( evaluate the performance of prevacuum sterilizers)test is performed?
The spiral, conical structure of the inner ear is the:
What is the name of the condition in which a loop of bowel herniates into the Douglas's cul-de-sac?
Which of these conditions is characterized by a fleshy encroachment of cojunctiva onto the cornea ?
Which procedure would be listed in the OR schedule for a patient undergoing surgical treatment of uterine fibroids?
Where is a Baker's cyst ( knee joint prod lubrication fluid) located?
Which of the following is a method of high-level disinfection?
2% glutaraldehyde for 20 minutes
Another name for the tympanic membrane is the :
What is the burn degree classification that involves the epidermis and subcutaneous tissue?
Which portion of the ear is affected by Meniere's syndrome?
The cartilaginous nasal seltum is anterior to which bone?
The most reliable method for determining the effeciency of moist heat sterilizers is the controlled use of biological indicators contaning the oraganism:
Which neurosurgical pathology would a myelogram(type of radiographic examination that uses a contrast medium to detect pathology of the spinal cord,) diagnose?
Which of the following terms means a prolapsed bladder causing a bulge in the anterior vagina wall?
How many hours must the steam sterilization biological indicator incubate?
The nasal sinus located between the nose and the orbits is the :
What is the definition of otoclerosis?
bony over growth of stapes
Which of the following terms describes a fracture in which the bone penetrates the skin?
For which of the following procedures would a McBurney incision be indicated ?
What degrees Celsius is the steam sterilization biological indicator incubated?
What is the medical term for removal of the uterus?
Which of the following methods removes small organic particles and soil from the box locks and rachets of instruments?
What is the medical term for nosebleed?
What is the proper method for preparing a frazier suction tip for steam sterilization ?
Distilled water in lumen
Which of the following is a telescoping of the intestines in neonates requiring immediate surgical intervention?
Intussusception ( most common emergency when portion of bowel slides into another segment)
The minimum Fahrenheit temperature for sterilization to occur in a prevacuum steam sterilizer is:
What is the name of the procedure for the excision of the tunica vaginalis :
What is the minimum number of minutes to sterilize unwrapped metal intruments with lumens in the gravity displacement sterilizer at 270 degrees Fahrenheit
Local anesthetic for cataract surgery
high density lipoproteins (healthy type of cholesterol)
for suprapubic cystostomy, with hook at end.
for cervical use
Van burren dilators
for Urethral use
dilating the cervix
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