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chapter 2 flashcards
Terms in this set (30)
Paramount chief that led the local Indian confederation. Launched a revolt that forced 30 tribes to fight off the English. He was the absolute ruler of the village chiefs and local village leaders had to pay him tribute.
English investors that purchased stock shares from the London company. Profits from the sold shares were used for purchasing supplies and reorganization of the Virginia colony.
"Starving Time" (1609-1610)
The winter of 1609-1610 faced by the English settlers of Jamestown where natives killed livestock and starved the Europeans. Almost caused the end of the Jamestown as an English colony. Settlers left but came back w/ supplies.
A Counterblaste to Tobacco (1604)
King James' written discourse expressing his hatred towards tobacco. Ignored by European societies, tobacco demands continue to soar
John Rolfe (1612)
A planter in Jamestown who experimented w/ local planted tobaccos producing high quality crops. Made tobacco demands more prominent leading to the rise of the Tobacco Economy.
Headright System (1618)
Part of Viginia colony's expansion campaign where lands are distributed to settlers. It encouraged family groups to migrate together for larger amount of land holdings. Proved effective in attracting labor forces to virginia which helped its economy.
The House of Burgesses (1619)
The first meeting of elected representatives of English colonists in N. America. It symbolized a representative government.
Powhatan's younger half-brother that suceeded him after his death. Led several unsuccessful uprisings. His imprisonment stopped revolts of the natives from english rule.
Maryland's Act Concerning Religion (1648)
Allowed freedom of worship for all Christians in Marlyand. Created to prevent religious disputes of the settlers since majority of the settlers in Maryland are protestants outnumbering the Catholics.
Sir William Berkeley (1642)
Was a Virginian governor appointed by King Charles I. Promoted colonists and native Americans' trade and interaction. His reign as governor is the longest among any other Virginian governor.
Oliver Cromwell (1649)
An english political leader that replaced king Charles and ruled England as a "protector" for over 9 years.
Green Springs Group (1660s)
Inner circle of the governor's council in Jamestown. Members enjoyed special access to patronage. Excluded Nathaniel Bacon which gave him one of the reasons to be unhappy w/ the council and soon mount a rebellion
Scrooby Conjugation (1608)
Separatists that left England w/o the King's permission. Migrated to holland and soon to virginia. Opened English America to protestant and scrooby group settlements.
William Bradford (1607)
Leader of the Scrooby congregation. Reelected many times to be the "Plymouth Plantation's" governor. He played a large role in the institution of the Mayflower contract giving the pilgrims legal permission to reside at the Plymouth plantation.
John Winthrop (1629)
12 year governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony. He launched migrations that soon led to forming of a colonial government.
Thomas Hooker (1635)
A minister of Newtown who resisted the Massachusetts government and created his own congregation at the town of Hartford. He founded the State of Connecticut.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639)
A constitution framed on liberal principles that is adopted by Hartford. Closely relative to the Massachusetts Bay constitution but gave more rights for people to hold office and vote.
Roger Williams (1646)
A separatist minister. Established a government in Rhode Island. His government allowed all members of all faiths to practice their religious beliefs without any expense.
Flintlock rifle (1816)
A new weapon introduced to New England that replaced the matchlock rifle. Used by natives during the period of King Philip's war
Earl of Shaftesbury (1669)
A philosopher who drew fundamental constitution for Carolina in 1669. The constitution provided social order and elaborate systems of land distribution.
Sir George Carteret (1685)
A Carolina proprietor that obtained a portion of land from James II. He named the territory of New Jersey. Soon returned the colony's control to the crown.
Society of Friends (mid 17th century)
Also known as the Quaker religion. Rejected predestination and original sin. Mostly settled in the colony of Pennsylvania. Endorsed strong moral codes.
William Penn's "Holy Experiment" (1682)
Quakers settled to the land of Pennsylvania. Established the city of Philadelphia. Created the liberal frame of government with representative assembly
New Mexico (end of 17th century)
considered the most prosperous and populous of all the Spanish outposts. Developed a flourishing agricultural economy. Its the largest European settlement west of the Mississippi and North of Mexico
James Oglethorpe (1732)
An English parliament member that led the group of trustees to the discovery of Georgia in 1732.
George Trustees (1732)
Founded the colony of Georgia in 1732. Were granted control over the land between savannah and altamaha rivers. They created the strict rules for Georgia
Edmund Andros (1686)
Governor of the Dominion of New England. Appointed by James II in 1686. Enforced navigation acts. Arrested after the rise of the glorious revolution but reinstated as the Virginian governor.
William and Mary (1688)
Protestant couple that overthrew King James II and ruled by joint sovereigns. Their rise started the "glorious revolution"
Jacob Leisler (1689)
German immigrant and rich merchant. He captured New York in 1869. Rebellions like his increased the tensions between colonists and British forces.
John Coode (1689)
Opponent of proprietor's government. His revolt overthrew the Maryland's government in 1689. Led to the revocation of the proprietor's authority towards the colony turning Maryland into a royal colony
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