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Exam 3 (CH12-15)
Terms in this set (83)
Which anthropologist thought the "sacred" was a domain set off from the ordinary, or the mundane (profane)
What is the key to Wallace's definition of religion?
Wallace focuses on beliefs and rituals concerned with supernatural beings, powers, and forces
Original Polynesian concept of taboo
A sacred power attached to chiefs and nobles that is so powerful that it could be dangerous to ordinary people
Who explained the use of magic by stressing the psychological function it serves to reduce anxiety in situations when outcomes are beyond human control?
Where do cargo cults take their name?
European goods native peoples have seen unloaded from ships or planes
Which of the following are true about the global spread Pentecostalism?
Pentecostalism offers tightly knit communities
Televangelists have helped introduce Pentecostalism outside North America
Pentecostalism churches typically are staffed with local people and are responsive to local situations
Which of the following is reason why Islam has succeeded in expanding globally?
Islam has adapted successfully to the many nations and cultures it has entered
What is the term for the marginal or in-between phase of a rite of passage during which the participants exist apart from ordinary social distinctions and expectations?
What explains Malinowski's focus in his study of the traditional magical practices of the Trobriand Islanders?
Malinowski believed that magical techniques can dispel doubts that arise when outcomes are beyond human control
In response to the expansion of world capitalism in New Guinea ....
Many Afro-Brazilians are drawn to the Pentecostal community because others who are socially and racially like them are in the congregation, some serving as preachers.
Of these major world religions--Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, and Hinduism--which is the fastest growing?
Atran suggests that the best way to defeat ISIS is by ....
Undermining its social networks and shared values
An impersonal supernatural power that may reside in people, animals, plants, and objects - like our modern notion of luck
What is the concept based on the idea of "like produces like"? For example, one might use a picture of someone to control the person and draw lines representing stitches across the mouth to keep the person from telling a secret.
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