Regarding retirement needs analysis calculations; what is the difference between level and serial payment approaches?
level payment doesnt take inflation into account serial payments go up every year to account for inflation and are more realistic than level payments
3 assumptions made in retirement needs analysis calculations:
1. anticipated rate of inflation 2. lump sum of capital needed 3. client age at retirement and projected life expectancey
2 steps in determining lump sum capital needed over a retirement period
1. inflate the projected first year retirement income to FV at the time of retirement 2. calculate lump sum needed by calculating PV of an annuity due using an inflation-adjusted rate of return (set HP to begin mode)
The process for analyzing the accumulation of sufficient resources for retirement is called...
capital needs analysis or retirement needs analysis
what is the 21 and 1 rule?
regarding eligibilty for a qualified plan the EE must be 21 and have one year of service
A highly compensated EE (HCE) meets one of the following criteria:
greater than 5% owner or $110,000 or more in compensation
As a rule, the ER of the qualified plan must cover at least ____ of the non-highly compensated EEs
What is the 50/40 test?
DB plans must cover 50 EEs or 40% of all eligible EEs
The covered compensation cap for 2011 is:
How much can be added to a DC plan for 2011? The lesser of.....
100% of the participant's annual income or $49,000 annually (this includes $16,500 max EE salary deferral but not the $5500 catch up
What is the maximum deduction for ER contributions to a defined contribtuion plan?
25% of covered EE payroll
DB plan contributions are determined by ....
DB plans must vest at least as rapidly as ...
5-year 100% cliff or 3 -7 year graded vest
DC plan vesting requirements are....
3-year cliff or 2 - 6 year graded vest
Define Key Employee
Greater than $160,000 in 2011 comp greater than 5% owner -or- greater than 1% owner and comp greater than $150,000
What is a Top Heavy Plan?
A DB plan that provides more than 60% of benefits to Key Employees
What is the Excess Method with regard to Social Security intergration?
The maximum disparity permitted in a DB plan with regard to SS intergration is
What is the permitted disparity as it applies to SS integration of a DC plan?
1. 2 times the base percentage -or- 2. the base percentage plus 5.7% the lesser of the 2
What is the Section 415 limit on DB payouts?
the lesser of: $195,000 of annual comp -or- 100% of the EE's comp over the past 3 years averaged
Regarding DB plans; who may opt out of PBGC premiums?
Professional service employers with 25 or fewer EEs
An employee has the following incomes: year 1: $215,000 year 2: $250,000 year 3: $260,000 What is his career average method to calculate SS benefits?
$235,000 only the $245,000 would be calculated as it is the IRS max
What is a fully insured pension plan?
A plan that is fully funded by cash value life insurance or annuity contracts
What is the maximum annual contribution limit for a money purchase pension plan?
the lesser of 100% of eligible EE comp or $49,000 for 2011
What is a primary disadvantage of a money purchase pension plan?
lack of contribution flexibility plans severely limit ability to use plan contributions to buy employer stock
How are forfeitures treated in DC and DB plans?
DB: only used to reduce ER contributions DC: same as above but also can be reallocated among the remaining plan participants
What is the max annual deduction that may be taken for ER's to a DB plan?
the amount required to meet the fundiing standards
A plan using a flat benefit formula would be what type of retirement plan?
Defined Benefit plan
What type of DC plans avoid the ADP and ACP and top heavy rules tests?
safe harbor 401k and a Simple 401k
Retirement plan most frequently used by self employeds
What is the max contribution to a SEP for 2011?
the lesser of 25% of EE comp or $49,000
What is the max EE deferral allowed for a SIMPLE IRA for 2011?
$11,500 plus $2500 if EE over 50
What is the max EE contribution or salary reduction for a TSA in 2011?
true/false An IRA can not own S-Corp stock
true it can not
What is the MAGI phase out for deductable IRA contributions for 2011 foor married couples? For singles?
$169,000 fully phased out at $179,000 $56,000 to $66,000 for singles
true/false QDROs apply to IRAs
False; QDROs apply only to qualified plans; an IRA is not a qualified plan
Type of retirement plan a 501(c)3 may adopt
Type of plan that may only be adopted by a private tax-exempt organization and a state of local government entity
section 457 plan
Type of retirment plan not easily understood by EEs. Who do they favor?
traditonal DB and target benefit pensions favor older EEs
true/false An ESOP can be integrated with SS?
false ESOPs can not be SS integrated
type of plans that favor older EEs
DB - age based P/S plans but not as must as DBs
A pension plan would not be appropriate for a company with _____ _____ ______
cash flow fluctuation
2 types of plans appropriate for ERs wanting flexibility of contributions
Profit Sharing and SEP
An EE pays ___% of FICA on wasges up to $___
A self employed tax payer pays both portions of payroll tax on wage base. Above the wage base this portion is
tax-deductable (above the line) to reach AGI
Individuals/ Entities that can elect to opt out of SS include:
state and local government units with a pension plan
Regarding Social Security what is the PIA?
Primary Insurance Amount the amount payable on full retirement age
A worker taking early retirement would get a ____ reduction in PIA
Regarding Social Security, what is the blackout period?
the time that the surviving spouse would get no SS
Regarding Social Security, what is the difference between fully insured and fully covered?
see pg 119 in binder
2 types of plans in which the ER assumes the investment risk
DB plans Cash Balance Plans
What is the difference between a SIMPLE IRA and a SEP IRA?
The election out period for a QJSA is
Type of pension plan that is easily understood and can be implemented as a coost saving measure
cash balance pension plan
The most common types of Keough plans are ____ _____ _____
profit sharing money purchase target benefit
Keough funding is unique in that ____ takes the place of ___ in calculating contributions
net self-employment income W-2 income
type of qualified retirement plan in which participating employees are divided into groups or classes and each group or class receives an employer contribution equal to a percentage of compensation is a(n):
new comparability plan
Assume a company's goal is to maximize retirement benefits to the highly compensated employees, who also happen to be the oldest employees. Which of the following best accomplishes this goal if the company is installing a new plan?
An age-based profit-sharing plan?
An exception to the 21-and-one rule is ....
the 3-year/100% rule that allows up to a 3-year service requirement if the employee is immediately 100% vested in employer contributions upon becoming a participant.
3 qualified retirement plans that allow unrestricted investment into employer-sponsor company stock
Stock bonus plans. ESOPs. Profit-sharing plans
In 2011, the total OASDI tax rate, including the portion dedicated to Social Security and the portion dedicated to Medicare funding, on a covered worker's wages up to the taxable wage base is
13.30% Employers pay 7.65% and employees pay 5.65%, for a total of 13.3% in 2011.
A company's goal is to maximize retirement benefits to the highly compensated employees, who also happen to be the oldest employees. Which plan best accomplishes this goal
A defined benefit plan
The Section 403(b)/TSA lifetime catch-up contribution
is limited to a maximum lifetime limit of $15,000
A prospective client's objectives are to adopt a plan that has predictable costs, is administratively convenient, and is easily communicated to employees. Which plan represents the best choice?
Money purchase plan
An age-based profit-sharing plan is a plan in which:
allocations to participants are made in proportion to the participant's age-adjusted compensation.
A cash balance pension plan is most appropriate when:
the employer wants to convert its defined benefit plan. Cash balance pension plans are appropriate when: the employee group is relatively young,
Which of the following types of qualified plans provide employers with the greatest contribution flexibility?
A) Money purchase plan.
B) Cash balance plan.
C) Defined benefit plan.
D) Profit-sharing plan.
D) Profit-sharing plan
Your client has a retirement plan with separate accounts and 40% of salary as a projected retirement benefit. Which of the following type of plan does your client most likely have?
A) Money purchase pension plan.
B) Defined benefit plan.
C) Cash balance plan.
D) Target benefit plan.
D) Target benefit plan
How much of the employer contribution made to employees' simplified employee pension (SEP) IRAs may be deducted on the business's tax return?
The maximum amount that may be contributed and deducted by the employer is the lesser of 25% of compensation or $49,000 (2011) for each participant.