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World History - Chapter 16
Discovery and Exploration
Terms in this set (35)
Henry the Navigator
This Portuguese prince who lead an extensive effort to promote seafaring expertise in the 14th century. Sent many expedition to the coast of West Africa in the 15th century, leading Portugal to discover a route around Africa, ultimately to India.
Vasco de Gama
A Portuguese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean
Florentine navigator who explored the coast of South America
This was the first person to lead an expedition that circumnavigated the world
The great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II in 1588; defeated by the terrible winds and fire ships.
Dutch East India Company
Government-chartered joint-stock company that controlled the spice trade in the East Indies.
Naval battle between the Spanish and the Ottoman Empire resulting in a Spanish victory in 1571
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Writer and abolitionist
Dutch settlers in South Africa
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541).
A major African language family. Collective name of a large group of sub-Saharan African languages and of the peoples speaking these languages. Famous for migrations throughout central and southern Africa.
Descendants of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status.
A person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry.
the right to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans in a particular area.
Spanish colonists formed large, self-sufficient farming estates known as these.
A political unit ruled by a viceroy that was the basis of organization of the Spanish colonies
Europe's colonial and trade expansion after 1450 depended above all on its superiority in
All of the following helped motivate European expansion EXCEPT
The belief that Europe had much to learn from the religions and customs of other peoples.
Spain's expansion in the Americas was made particularly easy by
the impact of imported diseases on the Indian population.
Which of the following was most involved in European dominated world trade by 1700?
Europe's rise as a world trading power was accompanied by the decline in the international commercial role of
The Middle East
American Indian traditions remained important in which of the following areas of Latin American civilization?
Sub Saharan Africa and the Americas, in confronting Europe's expansion, shared all of the following features EXCEPT
No extensive prior experience to overseas trade
Which of the following factors does NOT explain why American Indians were relatively rarely enslaved by Europeans?
European belief in the spiritual equality of all humans
By 1750, Latin America differed from the English colonies in North America in all of the following respects EXCEPT
percentage of Indians and people of mixed blood in the population.
Which of the following does NOT correctly compare Latin America and the English colonies of North America by 1750?
Major Latin American cities had more Baroque cathedrals and public buildings than did English colonial cities.
Which of the following does NOT accurately describe the slave trade?
Actual seizure of Africans for slavery was accomplished by African merchants and officials.
In contrast to patterns in most earlier slave holding societies, slavery in the Americas was distinctive because
Extensive commercial agriculture, undertaken for exports, depended on slavery.
Most Latin American haciendas
produced food for sale in Latin American markets.
By the late eighteenth century, governors of the provinces of Latin America were
sent out from Spain or Portugal
Which of the following was NOT a major colonial power by the late 18th century?
European colonial trade expansion after 1450 depended on all of the following EXCEPT
a long tradition of cross-cultural exchange
Which of the following does not accurately describe the Atlantic slave trade?
Native African merchants and officials participated in the actual capture of the slaves.
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