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16 terms

Introduction to Music Theory: Lesson 4

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minor scale
A diatonic scale with half steps (in its basic form) between 2-3 and 5-6
relative
keys
Major and minor keys with the same key signature, but different tonics
(e.g., Ab major and f minor)
parallel
keys
Major and minor keys with the same tonic, but different key signatures
(e.g., C# major and c# minor)
enharmonic
minor keys
a#/bb
d#/eb
g#/ab
3 forms
of minor
Natural, harmonic, and melodic
natural
Minor scale form that follows the key signature
harmonic
Minor scale form that raises the 7th scale degree one half step to provide a half-step leading tone to the tonic
melodic
Minor scale form that raises 6 and 7 ascending; returns (lowers) 6 and 7 to the natural form descending
tonic
Scale degree 1
supertonic
Scale degree 2
mediant
Scale degree 3
subdominant
Scale degree 4
dominant
Scale degree 5
submediant
Scale degree 6
subtonic
Scale degree 7 in the natural minor and descending melodic minor (one whole step below tonic
leading
tone
Scale degree 7 in the harmonic minor and ascending melodic minor (1/2 step below tonic)