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an expanded molecular formula showing the arrangement of atoms within the molecule
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion model, which is based on an arrangement that minimizes the repulsion of shared and unshared pairs of electrons around the central atom
coordinate covalent bond
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding electrons a.k.a dative covalent bond
the combining of two or more atomic orbitals of similar energies on the same atom to produce new orbitals of equal energies
a single covalent bond that is formed when an electron pair is shared by the direct overlap of bonding orbitals
the bonding in molecules or ions that cannot be correctly represented by a single Lewis structure
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