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25 terms

Ch. 22 Physical Agents to Promote Tissue healing

Today's medical assistant book
STUDY
PLAY
ambulation
Walking or moving from one place to another
Ambulatory
Able to walk as opposed to being confined to a bed or wheelchair
Compress
A soft/moist/absorbent cloth that is folded in several layers and applied to a part of the body in the local application of heat or cold.
Edema
The retention of fluid in the tissues, resulting in swelling
Erythema
Reddening of the skin caused by dilation of superficial blood vessels in the skin
Exudate
A discharge produced by the body's tissue
Soak
The direct immersion of a body part in water or a medicated solution
Sprain
Trauma to a joint that causes injury to the ligaments
Strain
An overstretching of a muscle caused by trauma
Suppuration
The proccess of pus formation
Hot Compress
moist heat
Ice bag
Dry cold
Heating pad
Dry Heat
Chemical hot pack
Dry Heat
Cold compress
moist cold
List three that must take into consideration when applying heat or cold
Age, Location of Application, Impaired circulation, Impaired sensation, Individual (tolerance to change in temp)
How does the local application of heat to an affected are for short period of time influence the blood vessels in the affected area?
produces dilation, organ increase in diameterof the blood vessels in the affected area.
How does the local application of heat to an affected are for short period of time influence the blood supply to the affected area?
Increases the blood supply to the area
How does the local application of heat to an affected are for short period of time influence the tissuemetabolism in te affected area?
increases
What happened to the diameter of the blood vesels if heat is applied for a prolonged time (more than 1 hour)?
produces secondary affect, blood vesselconstrict, and blood supply to the area decreases.
three reasons for applying heat locally.
low back pains, arthrites, menstraul cramping and localized adscesses
How does the local application of cold for a short tikme to an affected the area influence the diameter of the blood vessels in the affect area?
constriction or decreases in diameter
How does the local application of cold for a short tikme to an affected the area influence the blood supply to the affected area?
decreased blood supply
How does the local application of cold for a short tikme to an affected the area influence the tissue in the affected area?
decrease
Two reasons for applying cold locally.
To prevent edema. Immediately after trauma suchas bruise, minor bum, sprain, joint engery or fraeture.