Teresa's children do not have a curfew and have few house rules. Teresa's parenting style is
According to Weber, the task of a teacher is to
provide students with knowledge and scientific knowledge
George is preparing his lecture for his next class. He is in his office with the door closed. He has the textbook open and is writing notes quickly. George is in the _____.
_____ coined the term "power elite" to refer to a pyramid of power that characterizes American democracy.
C. Wright Mills
Research indicates that the likelihood of women worldwide being victims of physical abuse varies - higher in some countries than in others. This finding suggests that sociobiology
By using _____, social scientists found that the programmatic effects of the DARE program were insignificant (i.e., students who completed the DARE program were no less likely to use drugs than students who did not complete the program).
Some critics believe that the poverty line is unrealistically low. Which of the following is not one of their arguments?
Estimates do not take into account the value of noncash benefits, such as food stamps or Medicaid.
Biologists focus on the role of _____ in human development. Sociologists focus on the role of _____ in human development.
Symbolic interactionists typically use two methodological tools in understanding everyday interaction:
ethnomethodology and dramaturgical analysis
C. Wright Mills introduced the concept of the "sociological imagination." He used this term to describe the connection between
history and biography.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Content analysis is expensive, but very useful for historical data.
Abigail wants to be a nurse after she graduates from college. She has joined the Young Nurses Club on campus and volunteers at Community Hospital after class. For Abigail, nurses are a/n
A carefully controlled artificial situation that allows researchers to manipulate variables and measure their effects is called a/n
Most sociologists would agree with which of the following statements?
Nature affects human development, but nurture is more significant
Identify which social class the following description illustrates: This social class is more diverse than those above it. Individuals in this social class generally earned their wealth and are called nouveau riche.
Julia discovered a new bone in the monkey skeleton by chance. This is an example of the
Andrew was born to a single mother. He started preschool at age 4 and finished high school at age 18. Andrew attended college and then got his first job when he was 23. Andrew was married at age 25 and had two children by age 31. Andrew retired at 67 and died at age 82. When did Andrew's socialization begin?
Social learning theories suggest that children (in most cases) can be influenced by both _____ and _____ learning.
"Men are more aggressive than women because of their biology." This statement illustrates which scientific explanation of human behavior?
When people enter military boot camp they are expected to radically change themselves physically, mentally, and emotionally. This is an example of which kind of socialization?
Herbert Gans suggested that poverty and inequality serve many functions for society. Which of the following is not one of those functions?
The poor serve the middle and upper classes in their homes and schools.
Status inconsistencies refer to
the conflict that arises from occupying social positions that are ranked differently.
The Johnson family cannot afford to buy food for their children. The Johnson family is living in
Dale, a realtor, was preparing a new home for an open house. He cleaned the house from top to bottom and put fresh flowers around the house. Which of Goffman's expressive resources was Dale controlling?
Marlin is a 33 year-old male and an avid swimmer. He has competed in several national championships. Marlin is also the father of three young children, and is married to Peggy, a computer engineer. Marlin and Peggy live in the suburbs and own a nice home. Marlin's gender is an example of a/n _____ status
Which of the following is not a principle of democracy?
All of the above are characteristics of democracy.
The term "_____" is often used by Americans to refer to activities such as reading Shakespeare's sonnets, gourmet dining, and attending the opera.
According to _____, when an organization operates rationally and effectively, workers cooperate and maintain the organization's stability and continuity.
Carmen and her family moved to the United States when she was six. At their family home, Carmen and her family spoke Spanish and celebrated Mexican holidays. However, Carmen attended an English-speaking school and participated in American sports on the weekends. This is an example of
Which of the following groups was the most likely to vote during the 2008 presidential election?
Married and college educated
Zimbardo's and Milgram's research violated which of the following ethical guidelines?
must not harm, humiliate or abuse participants
_____ rely on both macro and micro level factors to explain the dynamics within groups and organizations
In the late 19th and early 20th century, which of the following changes occurred regarding children and adolescence
All of the above changes occurred.
_____ is a political system in which the state controls the lives of its citizens but generally permits some degree of individual freedom.
"Women are generally excluded from the most important political positions." This statement reflects which sociological perspective of political power?
_____ are voluntary and organized associations of people that attempt to influence public policy and policymakers on particular issues.
The _____ is the minimum level of income that the federal government considers necessary for basic subsistence.
In the United States, eye contact is a vital component of communication. In Japan, eye contact is
The United Nations classified countries into three categories: low, middle and high income countries. Central and East African countries are examples of _____ income countries.
Critics of the _____model contend that women's focus on single issues dilutes their mobilization within a political party and decreases their power.
Military boot camps, mental hospitals, prisons and concentration camps are examples of
According to Durkheim, _____ are measurable aspects of social life, external to the individual.
Every ten years, the U.S. Census Bureau mails forms to every home in the United States to collect federally mandated data. The Census Bureau is using which of the following data collection methods?
With more than two million prisons, the U.S. prison system employs large numbers of workers and contributes to many independent and private contracts. This is a/n _____ of incarceration
According to recent research approximately _____ percent of individuals with less than a high school education use the Internet.
The invention of the car has influenced which of the following aspects of nonmaterial culture?
all of the above
In industrial societies, adolescence is _____; in developing countries, adolescence is
Murray describes his sampling technique, the sample size, and the characteristics of the respondents in his study. Murray is engaging in which stage of the research process?
describing the data collection methods
According to George Herbert Mead, in the play stage children learn how to perform a role they don't yet occupy. Mead referred to this process as
Which of the following statements is true regarding correlation and causation in social research?
Social research does not address issues of causation.
Which of the following represent the golden rules of ethical research?
do no harm, informed consent, confidentiality
Identify which social class the following description illustrates: This social class experiences high debts and credit card bills. Many people in this social class see their jobs as boring and routine.
Genetically informed sociologists maintain that
research that combines genetics and socialization can enhance our understanding of how the environment affects genetic predisposition
The Tucker family is living on less than ____ of the federal poverty line. They are considered "severely poor" by the U.S. Census Bureau.
Children who are praised are more likely to develop a strong self-image than those who are always criticized. This statement best exemplifies which theory of socialization?
The pluralist model of explaining politics stems from which major theoretical perspective?
Marlin is a 33 year-old male and an avid swimmer. He has competed in several national championships. Marlin is also the father of three young children, and is married to Peggy, a computer engineer. Marlin and Peggy live in the suburbs and own a nice home. Which of the following is not an example of Marlin's achieved status?
Marlin is 33 years old
Which of the following is not one of the major strengths of survey research?
Surveys have very high response rates
One approach to examining the relationship between variables begins with observations and ends with theory. This approach is called
People create and reinforce stratification. This statement best represents which theoretical perspective?
In a hallway, most people walk on the right side, allowing others to pass as needed. This is an example of a
Which of the following statements is best associated with Cooley's "looking-glass self?"
Children acquire a sense of self through their interactions with others and interpretations of how others view them.
Out of 163 countries around the world that hold elections, the United States ranks _____ in voter turnout, with about half of U.S. citizens voting.
Adrian, from the time he was born, began learning how to think and behave effectively in society. He learned language, norms, and values first from his parents and then from his peers. Adrian went through a process of
Travis has struggled with his school work for several years. Now that he has started high school, Travis believes that his teachers will judge him from his past work. Travis is in which of Cooley's stages?
Phase 2: interpretation
The textbook identifies several major micro-level perspectives in understanding social interaction. Which of the following is not one of these perspectives
Single-mother families are most likely to be poor than married-couple families because of
increases in divorce and unmarried childbearing
During decision-making tasks, _____; during conversations about work or children, _____.
men are more talkative than women; women are more talkative than men.
In the U.S., the top one percent of U.S. households has _____ of all wealth and _____ of all income.
India outlawed the caste system in _____, but caste divisions are still deeply embedded in the culture.
Noah is studying social class. He is asking individuals to identify the social classes within their own neighborhood. Which approach is Noah using to measure social class?
the reputational approach
According to feminist theorists, women hit _____, organizational biases that prevent them from achieving the highest leadership positions.
a glass ceiling
Tax dollars should be used to fund students attending private schools." This statement reflects the views of which political party?
One approach to examining the relationship between variables begins with theory and is tested through data collection. This approach is called
Robert and Kendra are studying the effects of alcohol on car accidents among teenagers. In this example, _____ is the independent variable and _____ is the dependent variable.
alcohol; car accidents
Some recent studies have concluded that
there is no evidence that watching television causes violence.
Which political party is the most likely to fight for pork barrel money?
both Republicans and Democrats
Several recent studies have found that the racial difference in medical care is largely a result of African American patients'
interaction with physicians
Which of the following data collection methods are most susceptible to ethical violations?
Liz runs on the track team. She is a sociology major and has three roommates. Liz has two sisters and one brother. Liz enjoys watching movies and swimming. Which of the following is Liz's master status
Members of Congress, lobbyists, interest groups, and the media represent the _____, according to Mills.
middle level of power
Human development is fairly fixed." This statement is an example of which side of the nature/nurture debate?
The statement is an example of the nature side of the debate.
Like the rest of her teammates, Sarah participates in a team rally before each game. This is an example of
A voluntary association is a formal organization that is
created by people who share a common set of interests and who do not get paid for their participation.
Barry enjoys watching football with his son. When his son asked him permission to go to a game, Barry replied, "Sure, whatever." Barry's parenting style is
The view that people attach subjective meanings to their actions is a hallmark of which theory?
Which one of the following sociological perspectives is often criticized for overlooking diversity and social change in explaining culture?
Which of the following is not one of the effective tactics used by special-interest groups
Which of the following is not an accurate sociological statement about culture?
Culture is similar across cultures
Karl Marx argued that capitalism benefits the rich and that society would ultimately be reduced to just two classes: _____ and _____.
Carter is a full-time college student and works at a factory 30 hours each week. Carter is likely experiencing
According to conflict theorists, which of the following is not considered to be a key source of economic inequality
None of the above - they are all considered to be key sources of economic inequality
According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, where are active hate groups concentrated?
in southeastern United States
When Michael and Wendy got married, they exchanged wedding rings and vows as _____ of their commitment to one another.
This early sociologist published extensively in the United States on topics such as social disorganization, immigration, and urban neighborhoods.
Jane Addams was largely ignored by her colleagues at the University of Chicago because
gender discrimination was rampant
Social class affects all aspects of our lives. Max Weber termed the consequences of social stratification
Rick thinks that the students in his class do not like him. Because of this, Rick will not attend the school dance. Rick is in which of Cooley's stages?
Phase 3: response
Sociologists are calling for a "_____," suggesting that the nature/nurture debate is becoming outdated.
genetically informed sociology