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Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences focuses primarily on which of the following aspects of educations?
the various ways in which children think and learn
A PreK-4 teacher can best create a culturally inclusive classroom environment for all students by regularly?
encouraging students to share information about their cultures with the class
A kindergarten teacher observers two children playing together. The children are attempting to use blocks and other play materials to build a bridge for their toy cars. The first bridge that they build collapses when they begin to roll the toy cars across it. Which of the following teacher questions would best promote the development of the students reasoning and problem solving skills?
Why do you think the bridge fell over? How can you build the bridge differently?
Children who demonstrate typical language development most often begin using two-word utterances between the ages of
18 to 24 months
As second-grade students are learning a new science concept, the teacher helps them acquire knowledge and skills that they could not acquire on their own by using prompting, giving suggestions, providing feedback, and modeling activities. In this situation, which of the following strategies is the teacher primarily using to fosters students' cognitive development?
A prekindergarten teachers wants to establish a classroom environment in which spontaneous play is encouraged and play is recognized and valued as meaningful learning. Which of the following strategies would likely be most effective for the teacher to use to achieve this goal?
ensuring that a variety of materials are available in the classroom for students to try out and explore during playtime
PreK-4 teachers have the goal of being culturally competent educators who use an understanding of diversity among young children to plan developmentally, culturally, and linguistically appropriate instructions that meets the needs of all their students. The most important first step for the teachers to take in achieving this goal is to:
examine their own cultures and beliefs and their impacts on interactions with students.
According to the convergent research, which of the following factors has been shown to have the greatest effect on a child's language development?
the amount of verbal input the child receives from caregivers and others
Which of the following is an essential component of a formative assessment?
monitoring and adjusting a teaching strategy during the learning process based on individual student progress.
A third-grade teacher develops an assessment for a particular unit prior to writing up the daily lesson plans for the unit. The most important advantage of this approach is that it helps the teacher:
align daily lessons and activities with the targeted learning outcomes
Which of the following assessment practice would be considered ethical?
using ongoing informal assessment of students' learning to guide the instructional process
A fourth-grade teacher uses a variety of techniques, including questioning and journal prompts, to check for students' understanding of content-area instructions. Which of the following outcomes is likely to be the most important benefit of this strategy?
helping the teacher identify areas where students may need additional reinforcement
A kindergarten teacher frequently uses home-school notebooks to communicate with families about their children's progress. For example, the teacher and family of one student recently used a such a notebook to keep one another informed about the students progress in mastering specific self-help skills. This approach Is likely to be most effective in prompting which of the following outcomes?
establishing partnership with families in the assessment of their children's learning and development
Using spreadsheet software to maintain students' performance data is likely to provide a teacher with the most support in which of the following areas?
identifying specific gaps in students learning
Which of the following statements best describes a major role of assessment anchors in the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment(PSSA)
clarifying the standards assessed on the PSSA to support students learning of essential skills and knowledge
A fourth grade class includes a number of students who are English language learners. The teacher is designing formative assessment to measure students understanding of a specific science concept. When developing this assessment, the teacher use Pennsylvania language proficiency standards for English Language PreK-12(ELPS) most effectively to:
help ensure that the language function of the assessment is appropriate for the students level of English language proficiency
A student who is an English language learner who qualifies for migrant education services joins a second-grade class partly into the school year. The teacher is preparing to administer a variety of information assessment to the student. Which of the following teacher goals should be the main focus of these assessment?
identifying any specific weaknesses in the students academic knowledge and skills
A first-grade teacher uses a language experience approach with beginning-level students who are English language learners. A student dictates a story based on personal experiences to the teacher who writes the story verbatim. The teacher then leads the students in various reading and language activities using the dictated text. A primary benefit of this approach is that it helps the student:
makes connections between oral and written English
Which of the following accommodations to the content-area reading assignment best provides universal access for all learners?
providing digital textbooks with features such as images, text-to-speech, videos, and modifiable text
A second grade teacher is reading a story aloud to a class that includes several students who are English Language learners. Throughout the reading, the teacher pauses to verify students comprehension. The teacher encourages all students to speak and participate in discussions during and after the reading. Which of the following types of feedback from the teacher would provide meaningful English language input to the students who are English language learners during the discussions?
responding to the intent and content of the student's utterances
A kindergarten teacher works with two students who are ELLs who have no prior exposure to English. She exposes them to natural English in meaningful content but does push them to contribute to discussions. She allows them to respond to questions nonverbally or with one-word answers. The teacher's actions best demonstrate her awareness that second-language learns often:
go through a silent period during which they produce very little oral language
Which of the following characteristics would indicate atypical cognitive development of a four-year-old child?
having difficulty matching a toy car to a picture of car.
A kindergarten teacher is planning to read aloud a picture book to the class. One of the students in the class has a visual impairment that severely limits vision to several inches. Which of the following accommodations would best help this students participate in this activity?
providing an individual copy of the book to the student to look at
an IEP annual review meeting has been scheduled for a second grade student who is currently placed in a general education classroom full time. Which of the following elements of the review is most likely to be provided by the students general education teacher?
a description of the present level of performance the student has achieved.
Which of the following statements accurately describe a central principal of the family systems theory?
individual family members are mutually influenced by and dependent on one another
In support of a school wide initiative to enhance the learning environment for students with disabilities, fourth-grade teachers will be participating in regular meetings with special education professionals. The primary focus of these meetings should be to:
examine the effectiveness of current practices in meeting the needs of students with disabilities and make adjustments
Federal law allow schools to disclose information in students educational records without parental consent to which of the following individuals?
educators with legitimate educational interest in the student
A new third-grade teacher believes that too much instructional time is being used each to pass out students graded work, so the teacher decides to put graded papers in a basket for students to pick up on their own throughout the day. This action is considered inappropriate primarily because it:
Infringes on the students right to privacy
A kindergarten teachers' weekly newsletter includes information about community programs and special events that are designed specifically for children. This practice is likely to be most effective in helping the teacher achieve which of the following goals?
connecting families with resources to help promote their children's learning and development
During a routine parent teacher conference, a students parents confides to the teacher about a recent job loss. The single parent, with an infant and toddler at home, explains that child care, health insurance, and housing are no longer affordable. In this situation, the teachers most important priority should be to:
connect the parent to available support services in the community.
Which of the following preconditions is most essential to effective collaboration among a group of teachers with diverse philosophies and teaching styles?
recognize that they have a common goal of educating the students entrusted to their care
A new teacher regularly writes in a teaching journal. In addition to considering the success of his lessons, the teacher reflects on his interactions with students and how his thoughts and actions during these interactions were culturally motivated. This strategy best demonstrates the teachers awareness of which of the following principles?
Personal values and beliefs can influence a teachers communication practices.
A kindergarten teacher who wants to provide a positive social context for learning decides that one way to do this is to ensure educational equity for all students. The teacher can best promote such equity by:
providing all students with support in meeting high stands of achievement
A teacher learns that the district is considering requiring all first-grade students to engage in academic testing that the teacher believes is developmentally inappropriate. In this situation, the teacher can best serve as an advocate for students by taking which of the following actions first?
talking to the school principal about the issue
After reviewing midyear testing data, a fourth grade teacher is concerned about an increase in achievement differences between groups of students in the class. In attempting to address this issue, the teacher should begin by:
examining personal attitudes, expectations, and practices regarding learning for all students
In choosing a professional development activity from among various options, a teacher first considerations should be to determine which options is most likely to:
provide research-based information relevant to the current instructional issues or needs
Teachers have an ethical responsibility to:
Respond to the needs of all students.
According to privacy rights guidelines, a teacher could appropriately share a students schools records with which of the following individuals?
A school counselor who believes the student would benefit from participating in upcoming small-group counseling sessions
In a Prek-4 program that practices a philosophy of inclusion for students with disabilities, a fundamental responsibility for teachers is to ensure that students with disabilities:
are active participants in all class activities
A new teachers' meeting with an assigned mentor are likely to be most productive if the new teacher:
prepares for each meeting by identifying particular classroom concerns to discuss
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