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psych exam #4 (chps 12 & 14)
Terms in this set (62)
diffusion of responsibility is likely to occur when situations are clear and understandable
describing both sides of a position before emphasizing the superiority of one side is particularly persuasive under what circumstance
when the person being persuaded is skeptical about the speaker's position
normative influence refers to our desire to
the term attribution refers to our tendency to
provide explanations for people's behavior
zimbardo's prison experiment used a variety of methods to create
a change in behavior due to being asked to do so is referred to as
"Look! Up in the sky! It's a bird. It's a plane. It's Superman!" If you looked up, would you be conforming?
no. conformity requires that you base your behavior on what other people are doing, not being told to do so
what factor significantly decreased the likelihood of conformity in Solomon Asch's studies
one confederate gave a response
social psychology differs from psychology in its focus on
the influences of the social world in which we exist
people find "averaged" faces and symmetrical faces as more attractive
refers to a state in which a person loses her sense of self as an individual
postdecisional dissonance would predict that after deciding between several options, one would
focus on the positive aspects of their choice and the negative aspects of the ones not chosen
a change in behavior due to social pressure is referred to as
what is not an outcome of zimbardo's prison experiment
it proves that the milgrim study is correct
which of the following attributions would you be likely to make based on the actor/observer discrepancy when explaining why you were late for class
you would attribute your lateness to traffic & you would attribute your lateness on your alarm clock not working
the bystander effect is accounted for
diffusion of responsibility
the main task of solomon asch's studies was
judging line sizes
on complex as opposed to simple tasks, people often perform worse when other people are around. which of the following is not an example of that
thin slices of behavior are powerful cues for impression formation
an example of ____________ is the decision by NASA to launch the space shuttle. challenger despite widespread concerns about parts of the shuttle being unacceptable
Experiments showing the effects of group pressure on conformity were conducted by
in milgrim's main study, approximately how many people administered the maximum, potentially dangerous shock to the elderly learner when order to do so
in what way is compliance different from conformity
compliance is a response to a direct request, whereas conformity is a response to indirect social pressure
Vince has always believed children deserve the best prenatal care available. During a class discussion, he hears the first of several speakers express very negative attitudes toward spending tax money on prenatal care for the poor. When it is his turn to speak, he voices an opinion more in keeping with the previous speakers. Vince's behavior is an example of
the prime minister notices that her closest advisors never seem to disagree with her or with each other on a lot of important issues, such as arms control. she worries that she is not getting the pros and cons of different issues because her advisors are engaging in_____________
social psychology is the scientific study of how a person's behavior thoughts and feelings are influenced by
the real, imagined, or implied presence of others
when working in a group some members might not work as hard as they would if they were working alone. this is an instance of
attitude accessibility refers to the ease or difficulty that a person has in retrieving an attitude from memory
which of the following factors would increase the likelihood that someone would conform
-a desire to avoid being embarrassed, -a feeling that you are less experienced than others in the group, -all others in the group taking the same position (all of the above)
it is 1955 and you are required to participate in a perception experiment. you join seven others in a seated room. you are shown a 10-inch test line and must choose the line that matches it in length from choice of three lines. the experimenter solomon asch is studying ____________
the fundamental attribution error is
taking a behavior as a sign of internal dispositions and downplaying obvious or potential situation detriments
a phobia is a type of mood disorder
Sal has decreased levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in his frontal lobe areas and enlarged ventricles. Which disorder might he be at risk of experiencing?
which pair consists of negative symptoms of schizophrenia
poor attention and flat affect
behaviorists believe that abnormal behaviors are the result of the process of learning, including classical and operant conditioning
the diathesis-stress model views abnormal behavior as resulting from learned maladaptive thoughts and beliefs
Eve seeks treatment to learn how to relax. When her therapist hypnotizes her, her voice changes and someone claiming her name is "Joan" begins to speak. During therapy, 23 separate entities, each with its own name, personal style, and memories emerge. Eve appears to be suffering from ______ disorder.
false beliefs held by a person who refuses to accept evidence of their falseness as known as
Of the five known human sensory systems, which type of hallucination is the most common?
it is only when panic attacks become so frequent that they affect a person's ability to function in day-to-day living that the person is said to have a panic disorder
People with ______ disorders have an excessively rigid, maladaptive pattern of behavior and ways of relating to others.
Steve's psychiatrist notes that Steve is experiencing a disruption of the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, and identity. Therefore, Steve most likely has a(n) ________ disorder.
a dissociative disorder characterized by a partial or complete loss of memory for personal information that is usually associated with a stressful or emotionally traumatic experience known as
Kevin shows a pattern of instability in his relationships, self-image, and feelings. As such, he most likely has ________ personality disorder.
the model of psychological abnormality that combines the influences of all of the other models in varying amounts is called the omnilogical model
Marty is moody, manipulative, unstable, lacks a clear sense of identity, and often clings to others. He wants to have close relationships but is unable to do so because he is untrusting of others. Marty is suffering from ______ personality disorder.
Padma is extremely confident and feels that lately she needs very little sleep. In addition, she reports that her thoughts seem to be going fast-similar to watching three television shows at once. Padma most likely is experiencing ________.
a manic episode
Nick is admitted to a mental institution because he hears voices talking to him that no one else can hear, and he sees demons attacking him, though no one else can see anything near him. Nick's symptoms are known as ______.
though his work was done over two thousand years ago current medical research has found that Hippocrates's theories regarding the relationship between the "four humors" and mental disturbance were correct
what is the best way to describe the positive symptoms of schizophrenia
an excess or distortion of schizophrenia
a person who is suffering from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallucinations and who is unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality is likely suffering from
a repetitive ritualistic behavior that helps to reduce anxiety is called an obsession
a hospital patient was a diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia because she was having both delusions and hallucinations. what type of symptoms are these
After being passed up for a promotion and then getting into a heated argument with his son, a man disappears. He shows up two weeks later in another town with no memory of who he is or how he got there. He appears to be suffering from ______.
a dissociative disorder
False sensory perceptions that often take the form of hearing voices are called ______.
the line between normal and abnormal behaviors can be difficult to define. thus psychopathology is defined in terms of maladaptiveness
in which disorder does a person seem to experience at least two or more distinct personalities existing in one body
dissociative identity disorder
a dissociative state that involves sudden travel from home the taking on of a new identity and amnesia regarding the trip and one's actual personal information is called
Which of the following statements might someone with a biological perspective make about schizophrenia
it is caused by genetics, chemical influences, and brain structural defects
dissociative disorders involve a break in consciousness memory or a person's sense of identity
the television talks to heidi. it tells her the police are out to get her. because heidi has schizophrenia she is mostly experiencing a
the model of psychological abnormality that combines the influences of all the other models in varying amounts is called the omnilogical model
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