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100 terms

SAT 1, set 4

STUDY
PLAY
procrastinator
one who delays or puts off
prodigal
wasteful; recklessly extravagent
prodigious
enormous; amazing; extraordinary
capricious
characterized by impulsive or whimsical change; unpredictable; erratic
captious
fault finding; disposed to criticize; argumentative
cincture
anything that encircles; a belt or sash; to encircle with such an object
circumlocution
evasion of the main point by indirect or roundabout speaking or writing; any such expression
bathos
excessive or trivial sentimentality; that which arouses insincere sorrow or pity; an unimportant climax
cardinal
principal; most important; chief; an ecclesiastical official in the Roman Catholic Churc; a red bird; scarlet
cascaded
fell as from a waterfall; poured over; rushed down or out
castigated
criticized severely; punished verbally; chastised or rebuked strongly
implement
to do or provide what is needed for completion or activation; to effect; to accomplish; something used for a specific purpose; a tool or instrument
machination
a plot or scheme to do harm; such thinking or doing
magisterial
pertaining to a master; pompously assured and commanding; authoritative; dictatorial
clandestine
secret; hidden; undercover; surreptitious; furtive
clemency
mercy; leniency
clement
lenient; compassionate; merciful; mild
immaculate
spotlessly clean; without stain or blemish
ghoul
one who takes pleasure in terrible things; one who is repugnant in character or appearance; a grave robber; a legendary creautre that feeds on corpses
prodigy
one who accomplishes extraordinary things at an early age; something extremely admirable or awe inspiring
category
a class; a classification; a division
caterer
one who provides food and services for parties, receptions, etc.
cauterized
seared with a hot iron or acid
pertinacious
stubbornly persistent; tenacious of goals or pupose; not easily gotten rid of
perverse
obstinately contrary; deviating from convention; willfully nonconforming
badinage
playful talk or joking back and forth; good natured arguing and jesting; raillery; teasing
charlatan
one who pretends to have knowledge that he does not have; an imposter; a quack
blazon
to richly adorn; to depict symbolically (such a depiction or its description)
cataclysmic
sudden and violent on a large scale; disastrous or violently changing in effect
profligate
recklessly extravagant or wasteful; not virtuous or decent; such a person
adduced
brought out or offered for consideration or proof; alleged
imbroglio
a complicated disagreement; a misunderstanding with serious consequences
piquant
stimulating to the mind; interesting; provocative; charmingly lively; spicy; tart
vicissitude
natural but unanticipated change; variation of fortune; element of change in daily life
propitiated
appeased; satisfied; gained favor; favorably disposed
millenium
a period of 1000 years; any long period of well-being; the thousand-year period after the second coming of Christ
circuitous
roundabout; indirect
abscond
to leave secretly and in haste, usually to escape the law
cliche
an overused expressing; a trite or hackneyed saying; anything overused or overly familiar
melancholic
excessively and unreasonably brooding; chronically depressed; despondent; causing or suggesting such feeling(melancholy is used interchangeably)
addicted
physiologically or psychologically dependent upon; completely self subjected to some habit, practice, etc.
cloister
a secluded or isolated place; a monastery or convent; a roofed walkway within a courtyard; to shut off from the world; to seclude or sequester
coagulate
to thicken; to clot; to gather together in a mass
banal
lacking freshness or vigor, commonplace; trite
bard
a poet
barrister
loosely-an attorney or lawyer (In England, a lawyer pleads cases in courts while solicitors advise and prepare cases.)
prone
naturally inclined or disposed; having a tendancy; predisposed; lying face down
emulate
to strive to equal or surpass; to successfully rival
impending
about to happen; threatening to occur; impending
circumspect
cautiously attentive to everything; watchful against error or impropriety; wary (literally looking around)
empathy
understanding and identification with the mental state and emotions of another person
petulant
pettily or childlishly peevish; irritable; fretful; obstinate; impatient
philatelist
stamp collector
cogent
convincing to the mind; compelling
cognizant
having knowledge; perceptive; aware; comprehending
baffled
confused; perplexed; foiled; frustrated; impeded; fixed to control the flow of air, sound, etc.
prolific
producing a great deal; reproducing wildly
mettle
strength of spirit; stamina; dependability; ardor
pertinent
related to the matter at hand; relevant
perturbation
the act or cause of disturbance in a usual condition; such a disturbance; agitation
pervade
to spread throughout; to permeate
garish
extreme bright; overly ornate; tastelessly overdone; showy; gaudy
garrulous
talkative; chattering; loquacious
germane
pertinent or fitting to the issue; relevant
illiterate
unable to read or write
articulation
clear and precise pronunciation; enunciation; a joining together of parts
avocation
an interest or casual occupation in addition to one's vocation; a hobby; a diversion
badger
to annoy persistently; to bother or tease; a small burrowing animal
coalesce
to combine or come together in one body, purpose, etc.; to unite; to fuse; to blend
coercion
a compelling or forcing; forced restraint or constraint; control or government by force
absolution
the forgiving of sin; a freeing from guilt and penalty; forgiveness
ajudicated
determined in court; judged
malediction
an evil and damaging statement; a curse; calumny; slander; such speaking or writing (opposite of benediction)
celibacy
the state of refraining from marriage and sexual relations
chaotic
in a state of chaos; extremely mixed up; very confused or disorderly
chauvinistic
unreasonably devoted or loyal to one's own group, race, sex, or status; implying unreasoned superiority to such
propensity
a natural tendancy, disposition, or inclination
pinnacle
peak; summit; zenith; highest point of achievement
clamber
to crawl or climb in a clumsy matter
magnanimous
noble in spirit; without resentment or envy; generous in forgiving
caustic
corrosive; destructive; sarcastic; biting
balmy
warm; refreshing; mild
prolix
wordy; long-winded; verbose
promulgated
put into effect officially and publicly; openly declared; proclaimed
bellicose
hostile; warlike; aggressive
beneficence
the quality of display of goodness and kindness; a good deed or kindness; such actions collectively
aberration
a change or departure from the usual, normal, prescribed, etc.; a disorder of the mind
brandish
to shake, wave or flourish threateningly, defiantly, or triumphantly
propagate
to spread information, etc. from one person to another; to disseminate; to reproduce or multiply; to cause such
acquiesced
yielded; gave in; assented
virago
a loud-mouthed, bad-tempered, over-bearing woman
coalition
a union or joining together; a temporary alliance
abstemious
sparing or moderate in eating and drinking; temperate
chary
hesitant; cautious; wary; particular; fastidious; frugal; sparing
empirical
based on observation or direct experience only and not on theory, speculation; hearsay, etc.
virulent
extremely harmful, malignant or noxious; malicious; rancorous; acrimonious
propinquity
nearness or closeness; kinship; affinity; proximity
macabre
gruesome; horrible; ghastly
mince
to express with primness or with little force; to cut into little pieces
minion
a submissive dependent or favorite; an official subordinate to another