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525: Basic Counseling Techniques

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reflection of feeling
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Terms in this set (34)
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is aware of the emotions the client is feeling and expresses empathy. RF emphasizes a clients emotion words and demeanor and may reflect them back to the client using similar phrasing. RF is a crucial skill bc it shows empathy, conveys the therapists understanding and makes the client aware of his own emotions, show that you understand what they are feeling
Ex: 18 yr old girl reveals that she is having trouble fitting in and often sits alone in her room, the therapist responds by saying, "it sounds like you are feeling lonely and isolated from others"
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. therapist paraphrases with emphasis on literal meaning (verbal/nonverbal) and confirms accuracy of RM. utilizing this technique shows client that you have heard not just the surface of their story but also the deeper meaning. RM highlights the clients core beliefs that guide their bx important bc it adds info to what the client has already said and conveys therapist understanding
Ex: client explains that it frustrates her when business associates do not follow through with their work and how it bothers her when her friends do not call when they say they will, therapist responds with, "sounds like one your tenets is to keep your word by doing what you say you will do and that when others do not follow this guideline it frustrates you."
Ex: client, while smiling and happy and sitting up straight, "my husband killed himself last month"
BCT: therpaist gives alternate perspective of what client has said, positive/neg/or neutral. it is a manipulation of data through altercation of meaning or value that brings awareness to client and encourages exploration. Ex: the client believes everyohne who looks at her is making fun of her, the therapist reframes as admiration by the strangers instead, challenging her cognitions
BCT: important foundation skill to promote greater client disclosure. unlike closed ?'s, use how and what, avoid why, OEQ's can not be answered in one word, used to progress the client from generalizations to specifics, obtain more info, and for clarification. OEQ are esp useful in the beginning of therapy bc it allows the client to tell their story in their own way and to focus on what is important to them
Ex: instead of how many people are in your family, "tell me about your family"
tool that brings together the major points of a convo that either brings about correction or confirmation of the info said. can be used to close the dialogue of a certain topic, encourage the client to probe further, or it can be used to bring together a clients circular points, an imp skill bc it ensures that the therapist has heard all the correct content and sorts out the main points w/o disregarding the clients affect. a versatile tool in that it can be used in the beginning to segue from last session to the current one , midway to tie together what has been discuess thus far, or at the end to bring session to a close