He was born of an idol maker in the city of Ur. He grows up into the business. He gets sick of the gods and stops worshipping them. He burns the idols. He hears the voice of God saying monotheism. Example to other nations. Wife Sarah. God and Abraham make covanent of Love.
Sumerian word for people moving from place to place. (wanderer) (dusty people)
the male head of family or tribe
belief in a single God
born during the time where all Hebrew baby bos were killed. His mom sent him down the Nile where the daughter of Pharoah finds him. He lives 40 years then finds out the truth. He goes into the desert.Sinai. He sees a burning bush. He wants to know Gods name. "I am me" Jehovah Yahweh
I am me (name for God)
the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses
'to wrestle with God' Jacobs new name after he wrestled with God.
Image of God
Kingdom of God
Oldest man in town. ordered to sacrfice animals, he kills officers and sons kill other officers. Starts revolt. Chase after soldiers. Fight for religious freedom. For one God.
Dont believe gods dont exist. They do believe in Theos. Starts revolt. "person who is excited about something"
Hebrew Bible/Christian Old Testament
Bible in Jewish religion and Old testament in the Christan Religion.
In specifcally Jewish context Name of Hebrew Bible. Acronym
most important part of hebrew bible because it contains the law
the second of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures, , are people who are said to receive messages from God to be taught to others
Hebrew for chosen to do a special job.
tends to rely on repitition of sound. Large section of Hebrew Bible
The second part of the Christian Bible, containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and of his early followers , the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other Epistles, and Revelation
Stories about Jesus. Matthew Mark Luke and John
'looking together' when Mark Matthew and Luke us the same words, same stories and the same order to tell a story.
One of the writers of the Gospel, his writings were structurally different than the others.
The study of the past with use of stories. In the Bible it is the Acts of the Apostles.
letters sent to the church by the Apostles.
Revelation to St. John. tells the story of the end of the world.
Son of God, Savior of the world. He was born human although while still being God. Messiah.
Paul of Tarsus
Responsible for spreading most of Christianity
The highest form of love
a title given to Jesus that means "anointed one"
Struggle between opposing forces
The killing of Christians that occured for three centuries in the Roman Empire; ended by Constantine.
303-311 Emperor against Christianity
won the civil war over who was to be the next emperor. He legalized Christianity
Edict of Milan (312)
a ruling by Constantine that allowed Christians to openly practice their faith in the Roman empire.
the 1st two letters of the greek word christos; a symbol for jesus chirst
Greek word for fish
image used agape meal Blood of Christ, goblet; consecrated cup
In Hoc Signo 'In this sign' When Constantine is fighting in the war to be the next emperor he sees this in the sky and he wins the war and legalizes Christianity
Greek for "Holy wisdom" largest place of worship for Christain and Muslim Religions. Created by Justinian and Theodora
images created by glueing pieces of "things" on a wall
Paintings to think about
The "things" used to create mosaics
The church of the Bishop named for the seat or chair (cathera) from which he preached or taught.
where people are seated during church service. pews.
a little room with 2 set of double doors ( reminder of time when christianity was illegal) seperation from outside to church
front end of the church.. high alter
things added on to make the cross shape of the builiding.
courtyard outside of the Church
Fall of Rome (476)
Barbarian invaisions civiliation collapses. No more reading and writing. People forget. Fall into the dark ages.
Charles the Great King of the Franks.. (french) goes to Rome for Christmas mass in 800. The Pope annoints him Holy Roman Emperor
reference to person who started Carolingian Rennaissance.. Charlemagne
leader of Irish monks. Creating school at charlemagnes palace.. calls it palace school
the monks that lived in Ireland kept reading and writing alive during the dark ages.
leader of Irish monks
name that Alcuin gave the school he made in Charlemagnes palace.
3 parts of the 2 year curriculum: grammer; rhetoric; and logic
4 parts to the curriculum: arithmetic; geometry; "astonomy"; "music" (multiply and divide fractinos)
Alcuin created to standardize the liturgy.
single melodic line without supporting harmonies
just voices. no instruments
extra words in melismas
A story told by actors who play the characters and reveal the conflict through their actions and dialogue
Latin for "whom are you looking for?"
point is a reminder of death
reminder of death in latin
Living away from the everyday world to live in a monastery to become a monk.
Has alot of complaints about monasteries, because they are to wealthy.
The monastic room used by monks for the copying and illumination of manuscripts and their study.
Earlier form of architecture. Rounded Arches. Dark. Few windows. Thick walls.
Pictures on a page with text that "brighten/Illuminate" the text.
Outside cover of an Illuminated Manuscript.
1st gothic architect
Abbey of St. Denis
Example of the gothic style of medieval architecture.
a blending of christian ideas and platos ideas
during the middle ages. Pointed arches, stained glass, more windows, brighter.
stained glass windows
let in light. Tell a story. Symbolize to think about the story.
Extravagant animal carving, symbolizing the fight of demons, used on gothic churches to serve as drains.
an Italian poet famous for writing the Divine Comedy that describes a journey through hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321)
writer from Rome. Aetnid. In the divine comedy, he is little mad reading in Hell
the images of the 'perfect' woman for Dante. In the Divine Comedy she takes him through Heaven
Trip through Purgatory-place of preperation
Christiain Aristotellanism. Wrote Summa Theologica. Latin for big collection of thoughts and words about God. He had 5 ways to prove the exisistence of God.
He starts the monestary friars. taught about christianity in language that people can understand. Latin.
Song of Roland
An epic that talked of a chivalric knight named Roland, it revealed the popular image of Charlemagne in later centuries
English poet remembered as author of the Canterbury Tales (1340-1400)
Wrote the "Decameron" which tells about ambitious merchants, protrays a sensual and worldly society.
a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on it