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Humanities Exam 2

STUDY
PLAY
Abraham
He was born of an idol maker in the city of Ur. He grows up into the business. He gets sick of the gods and stops worshipping them. He burns the idols. He hears the voice of God saying monotheism. Example to other nations. Wife Sarah. God and Abraham make covanent of Love.
abiru
Sumerian word for people moving from place to place. (wanderer) (dusty people)
covenant
contract
patriarch
the male head of family or tribe
monotheism
belief in a single God
Moses
born during the time where all Hebrew baby bos were killed. His mom sent him down the Nile where the daughter of Pharoah finds him. He lives 40 years then finds out the truth. He goes into the desert.Sinai. He sees a burning bush. He wants to know Gods name. "I am me" Jehovah Yahweh
Yahweh
I am me (name for God)
Exodus
the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses
Israel
'to wrestle with God' Jacobs new name after he wrestled with God.
imago dei
Image of God
Kingdom of God
Heaven
Maccabees
Oldest man in town. ordered to sacrfice animals, he kills officers and sons kill other officers. Starts revolt. Chase after soldiers. Fight for religious freedom. For one God.
Zealots
Dont believe gods dont exist. They do believe in Theos. Starts revolt. "person who is excited about something"
Hebrew Bible/Christian Old Testament
Bible in Jewish religion and Old testament in the Christan Religion.
Tanakh
In specifcally Jewish context Name of Hebrew Bible. Acronym
Torah
most important part of hebrew bible because it contains the law
Prophets
the second of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures, , are people who are said to receive messages from God to be taught to others
Messiah
Hebrew for chosen to do a special job.
poetry
tends to rely on repitition of sound. Large section of Hebrew Bible
New Testament
The second part of the Christian Bible, containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and of his early followers , the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other Epistles, and Revelation
Gospels
Stories about Jesus. Matthew Mark Luke and John
synoptics
'looking together' when Mark Matthew and Luke us the same words, same stories and the same order to tell a story.
John
One of the writers of the Gospel, his writings were structurally different than the others.
History
The study of the past with use of stories. In the Bible it is the Acts of the Apostles.
Epistles
letters sent to the church by the Apostles.
Apocalypse
Revelation to St. John. tells the story of the end of the world.
Jesus
Son of God, Savior of the world. He was born human although while still being God. Messiah.
Paul of Tarsus
Responsible for spreading most of Christianity
agape
The highest form of love
Christ
a title given to Jesus that means "anointed one"
conflicts
Struggle between opposing forces
persecutions
The killing of Christians that occured for three centuries in the Roman Empire; ended by Constantine.
Diocletian
303-311 Emperor against Christianity
Constantine
won the civil war over who was to be the next emperor. He legalized Christianity
Edict of Milan (312)
a ruling by Constantine that allowed Christians to openly practice their faith in the Roman empire.
chi-ro
the 1st two letters of the greek word christos; a symbol for jesus chirst
ichtyus/ichthys
Greek word for fish
chalice
image used agape meal Blood of Christ, goblet; consecrated cup
anchor
Image
IHS
In Hoc Signo 'In this sign' When Constantine is fighting in the war to be the next emperor he sees this in the sky and he wins the war and legalizes Christianity
Hagia Sophia
Greek for "Holy wisdom" largest place of worship for Christain and Muslim Religions. Created by Justinian and Theodora
mosaics
images created by glueing pieces of "things" on a wall
icons
Paintings to think about
tessarae
The "things" used to create mosaics
Cathedral/Cathedra
The church of the Bishop named for the seat or chair (cathera) from which he preached or taught.
nave
where people are seated during church service. pews.
narthex
a little room with 2 set of double doors ( reminder of time when christianity was illegal) seperation from outside to church
apse
front end of the church.. high alter
transept
things added on to make the cross shape of the builiding.
atrium
courtyard outside of the Church
Fall of Rome (476)
Barbarian invaisions civiliation collapses. No more reading and writing. People forget. Fall into the dark ages.
Charlemagne (800)
Charles the Great King of the Franks.. (french) goes to Rome for Christmas mass in 800. The Pope annoints him Holy Roman Emperor
Carolingian
reference to person who started Carolingian Rennaissance.. Charlemagne
Alcuin
leader of Irish monks. Creating school at charlemagnes palace.. calls it palace school
Ireland
the monks that lived in Ireland kept reading and writing alive during the dark ages.
Aachen/Aix-la chapelle
leader of Irish monks
palace school
name that Alcuin gave the school he made in Charlemagnes palace.
trivium
3 parts of the 2 year curriculum: grammer; rhetoric; and logic
quadrivium
4 parts to the curriculum: arithmetic; geometry; "astonomy"; "music" (multiply and divide fractinos)
Gregorian Chant
Alcuin created to standardize the liturgy.
monophonic
single melodic line without supporting harmonies
a cappella
just voices. no instruments
melisma
long syllables
trope
extra words in melismas
drama
A story told by actors who play the characters and reveal the conflict through their actions and dialogue
Quem Quaeritas
Latin for "whom are you looking for?"
Everyman
drama
morality play
point is a reminder of death
memento mori
reminder of death in latin
Monasticism
Living away from the everyday world to live in a monastery to become a monk.
Benedict
Has alot of complaints about monasteries, because they are to wealthy.
scriptorium
The monastic room used by monks for the copying and illumination of manuscripts and their study.
Romanesque
Earlier form of architecture.
Rounded Arches.
Dark.
Few windows.
Thick walls.
illuminated manuscripts
Pictures on a page with text that "brighten/Illuminate" the text.
book covers
Outside cover of an Illuminated Manuscript.
Abbot Suger
1st gothic architect
Abbey of St. Denis
Example of the gothic style of medieval architecture.
Christain Platonism
a blending of christian ideas and platos ideas
Gothic
during the middle ages. Pointed arches, stained glass, more windows, brighter.
stained glass windows
let in light. Tell a story. Symbolize to think about the story.
gargoyle
Extravagant animal carving, symbolizing the fight of demons, used on gothic churches to serve as drains.
Dante
an Italian poet famous for writing the Divine Comedy that describes a journey through hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321)
Virgil
writer from Rome. Aetnid. In the divine comedy, he is little mad reading in Hell
Beatrice
the images of the 'perfect' woman for Dante. In the Divine Comedy she takes him through Heaven
Inferno
Hell
Paradisio
Heaven (dante)
Purgatorio
Trip through Purgatory-place of preperation
Aquinas
Christiain Aristotellanism. Wrote Summa Theologica. Latin for big collection of thoughts and words about God. He had 5 ways to prove the exisistence of God.
Francis
He starts the monestary friars. taught about christianity in language that people can understand. Latin.
Song of Roland
An epic that talked of a chivalric knight named Roland, it revealed the popular image of Charlemagne in later centuries
Chaucer
English poet remembered as author of the Canterbury Tales (1340-1400)
Boccaccio
Wrote the "Decameron" which tells about ambitious merchants, protrays a sensual and worldly society.
tympanum
a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on it