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21 terms

TEXTURE

STUDY
PLAY
Texture
Layers of sound
Monophonic Texture
One melody playing without harmonic accompaniment
Homophonic Texture
A melody with chordal accompaniment
Polyphonic Texture
Two or more different melodies playing at the same time
Heterophonic Texture
Two or more melodies at the same time with different variations on the melody
Thin density
Only one or a few layers of sound
Thick density
Many layers of sound
Unison
Two or more performers playing or singing at the same pitch or octaves
Imitation
A pattern that is repeated by the same or different instrument
Doubling
Occurs when the same melody is played by more than one instrument an octave apart
Call and Response
One instrument of group states a musical idea and it is responded to somehow by another instrument or group.
Similar Motion
Parts moving in the same direction.
Contrary Motion
Parts moving in opposite direction.
Oblique Motion
One part remaining at the same pitch while parts move in different directions.
Contrapuntal
Moving against. Interplay of several layers of sound.
Melodic Fill
A short musical passage fulfilled by an instrument or voice that holds the melody in a piece of music.
Harmonic Fill
A short musical passage fulfilled by an instrument or voice holding the harmony in a piece of music.
Rhythmic Fill
A short musical passage fulfilled by an instrument or voice holding the rhythm in a piece of music.
Parallelism
When two notes are a certain distance apart and move the same interval at the same time in the same direction.
Staggered Entry
Different layers beginning at different times in the bar or cycle.
Stabs
A single staccato chord that adds dramatic impact to a composition.