One melody playing without harmonic accompaniment
A melody with chordal accompaniment
Two or more different melodies playing at the same time
Two or more melodies at the same time with different variations on the melody
Only one or a few layers of sound
Many layers of sound
Two or more performers playing or singing at the same pitch or octaves
A pattern that is repeated by the same or different instrument
Occurs when the same melody is played by more than one instrument an octave apart
Call and Response
One instrument of group states a musical idea and it is responded to somehow by another instrument or group.
Parts moving in the same direction.
Parts moving in opposite direction.
One part remaining at the same pitch while parts move in different directions.
Moving against. Interplay of several layers of sound.
A short musical passage fulfilled by an instrument or voice that holds the melody in a piece of music.
A short musical passage fulfilled by an instrument or voice holding the harmony in a piece of music.
A short musical passage fulfilled by an instrument or voice holding the rhythm in a piece of music.
When two notes are a certain distance apart and move the same interval at the same time in the same direction.
Different layers beginning at different times in the bar or cycle.
A single staccato chord that adds dramatic impact to a composition.
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