Terms in this set (91)
(verb)- made more noticeable. sentence: The dress made the girl more accentuated
(adjective)- able to speak two language fluently.
sentence: There are many bilingual people in the world.
(noun) - face or expression. sentence: The countenance the boy had showed that he was excited.
(verb)- specified one by one, as in a list. sentence: The shopping list was enumerated to show how many items were needed
(adverb)- seems to be endless. sentence: The person went on interminably about the movie
(adverb)- done in a boring or tiresome way. sentence: The teacher explained our homework assignment ponderously
(adverb)- feeling friendly toward others and do not want to argue. sentence: The friend settled their fighting amicably.
(adjective)- warm and pleasant. sentence: The balmy day at the beach was fantastic
(verb)- admitted that something is true or correct. sentence: The bully conceded that he was being rude to many people
(adverb)- being very careful about small details, and making sure that was everything is done correctly. sentence: The person was meticulously writing her essay so she could get a good grade.
(adjective)- causes someone to feel that something bad is going to happen. sentence: The ominous storm took forever to pass.
(adjective)- distasteful or unpleasant. sentence: The food was very unpalatable.
(verb)- made to suffer in an unpleasant. sentence: Many people have been afflicted by the flu and other viruses
(verb)- said directly and clearly. sentence: The rules were written in an explicit manner
(verb)- to prevent something from happening. sentence: The failed test precluded the student from graduating
(verb) to draw back from something because you are afraid of it. sentence: The student recoiled when he was scared by another kid.
(noun)- severe punishment for something very serious. sentence: The brother sought retribution when the older sibling hit him
(verb)- to gradually become less strong or severe. sentence: The storm subsided and began to calm down
(adjective)- incapable of producing any useful result; pointless. sentence: The information was futile to the assignment
(adjective)- comically or repulsively ugly or distorted. sentence: The man had grotesque facial distortions.
(adjective)- wanting to avoid activity; lazy. sentence: Laying on the couch instead of doing work is very indolently of you.
(adjective)- showing a lack of experience, wisdom, or judgment. sentence: She was naive about work because she had never worked before.
( adjective)- able to be touched or felt.
(noun)- feeling of doubt or hesitation with regard to the morality or propriety of a course of action. sentence: I had no scruples about playing the sport I love most after recovering from an injury.
(verb)- acceptanting something reluctantly but without protest
(noun)-an expression of sympathy, especially on the occasion of a death. sentence: We offer our sincere condolences to his widow.
(noun)-conflict between two families or two people. ex: The Interlopers
(noun)-a person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted or are considered not to belong. sentence: You are an interloper for coming onto my land without permission.
(adjective)- dangerously high or steep.
What is a purpose in fiction?
to entertain- related to theme
What is a specific purpose in nonfiction?
A more direct purpose in what the author is talking about such as to tell a person about English class. INFORM
What is a general purpose in nonfiction?
to inform about a topic
In nonfiction, what often hints at the authors purpose?
by reflecting on specific details of a piece of fiction
What features of a text generally give the clearest indication of the author's purpose?
the titles and subtitles
What is the best reason to reflect on the author's purpose as you read?
It gives you what the author is meaning, as in an attitude. Refine idea of purpose from beginning to end.
How is a theme presented by an author?
It is presented through details, experiences and events. (direct or indirect), how the character acts
What might be a theme for the story "Uncle Marcos?"
take risk and stand out- even when people make fun of you or doubt you don't let it stop you from being different
What might be a theme for the story "The Cask of Amontillado?"
Man's desire for revenge can consume him, be careful who you insult, you may never know who holds a grudge, Revenge/retribution is best delivered by surprise.
What is a theme?
The heart of the story. (central insight, message, or overarching idea in a story that the author is trying to convey to reader, universal, can be interpreted in diff. ways, reader connects or identifies w/ character in order to identify themes.
one-dimensional with only one trait
complex with different qualities and also reveals faults and virtues
stays the same throughout the story
develops changes, or evolves, and also learns things throughout the story
What is conflict in literature?
a struggle between two opposing forces
What is foreshadowing?
giving readers in hints about what will happen later in a story
What are "significant details?"
details in a story where the author uses main details to create plot in the story
Why does an author choose significant details?
to help the reader understand and to show his thoughts
What do significant details tell a reader about the author's intent?
how the author views his subject
What are the three types of narration in Fiction?
1st person, 3rd person limited, 3rd person omniscient
3rd person limited
narrator can only convey the thoughts and feelings of one specific character. In fact, sometimes the narrator doesn't even convey these facts at all, and sticks with describing the character's external behaviors rather than the character's internal feelings. This leaves a lot of room for reader interpretation, where a character's personality is presented as something of a mystery.
3rd person omniscient
the narrator is aware of all information there is to know about the story's events, characters, setting, and more. reader knows stuff that characters don't
What information do we get as readers when we read a story that is narrated in third-person limited? What information are we missing in third-person limited narration?
Getting: dialogue and what the character are doing
Missing: thoughts of the characters.
What point of view does a reader get the MOST information about characters when reading fiction?
third person omniscient
What is a prediction?
an educated guess of the future based off of information tat is given
What clues do readers use to make predictions?
actions or things the character says, previous events and foreshadowing
Why is it important to make predictions?
to connect with the story and help understand the story by engaging in it
How do readers verify predictions?
you read to see if you were right
What is Author's Voice?
the way a writer sounds on the page
How would you describe the author's voice of a reading selection for a funeral?
How would you describe an author's voice of a reading selection for a story about never giving up?
uplifting and powerful
How would you describe the author's voice of a reading selection for a celebration?
cheerful and excited
How does the author's voice help determine author's purpose?
with the author's voice you can determine if the author is try to be serious, informative, or entertain you.
What are the five (STEAL) ways that readers can characterize individuals in a story?
speech, thoughts, effect, actions, and looks
Why do we need evidence from a story to characterize individuals in a story?
the character actions and dialogue in the story show their personalities
What is the best reason to reflect on the author's purpose as you read?
to help understand the story
How does a reader determine an author's purpose?
by using the specific details
If the main character in a story struggles against the subzero cold of the Arctic, what kind of conflict is taking place?
external(man vs nature)
How would a character who is experiencing internal conflict feel?
confusion, self doubt
Two men glare at each other. Then, a tree falls and pins them both to the ground. What kind of conflict exists in both situations?
A character is torn between his ambition to rise in society and the values that he knows to be right. What kind of conflict does such a character experience?
What is situational irony?
when the opposite of what happens is expected
What is an example, from the stories we have read this year, of situational irony? Why?
In the Interlopers the two men were going to kill each other but in the end wolves got them. This is situational irony because we expected the men to hurt each other but it didn't happen like that.
Why might a surprise ending involve situational irony?
since situational irony is the opposite of what you might expect, that means a surprise ending could reverse expectations as situational irony requires
where and when a story is taking place
Why is it important to pay attention to the setting of a selection?
it could play roles in the plot and create conflict ex: interlopers
To make an inference, what might you apply to author's details in the text?
experiences from your own life
What is another term that you could use in place of inference?
What are details in a passage that best help a reader make an inference about the season or time of year?
holidays going on, how the trees look, clothing, moods, weather
In most cases, what is the best way to check the accuracy of an inference you make?
continue reading the story
What is characterization?
showing how a character act, feels, and their personality
when the author plainly tellsyou; ex. "She has brown hair."
when you use clues from the story to characterize; ex. "She fell over the Chair" , we can infer the character is clumsy
What kind of technique does an author use to show a character's traits through the character's dialogue?
both direct and indirect characterization
names an object
ex. egg, cow
names an idea , event, quality, or concept
ex. courage, freedom
are used to begin or introduce interrogative sentences; question sentences
ex. who, whom, whose, what, which
begins a subordinate clause and connects that clause to another noun that precedes it in the sentence
ex. who, whom, whose, whoever, whomever, which, whichever, that, what, whatever.
do not prefer to any specific person or thing
ex. everybody, anyone, anything, both, few
refers to specific people, places, or things
ex. he/him, she/her, our, us, your, yours
refer back to subject of the sentence