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Foundations: Exam 1
Terms in this set (48)
The absence of pathogenic microorganisms can be defined as
The nurse needs to prepare a patient for surgery by applying a substance to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms. Which substance would be the best choice to use for this purpose?
A mosquito carries malaria and is able to spread it to other organisms, however the mosquito does not get sick. The mosquito is an example of a
The division of the US Department of Health and Human Services which works to investigate, prevent, and control disease is the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
When a clean instrument is soiled or stained by harmful agents, that instrument is considered
An infectious agent that grows outside of the body is referred to as
An infection that comes from within a patient's own body, such as from fecal matter is considered
Which of the following are signs of inflammation?
An inanimate object which acts as a vehicle for microorganisms is a
A patient enters the hospital for a surgical procedure. While in the facility, the patient contracts a urinary tract infection (UTI) from the indwelling urinary catheter. This UTI would be considered a
Health care associated infection
A patient is manifesting specific signs and symptoms for a respiratory infection. What stage of the infectious process would this patient be in?
A patient recently had a shingles outbreak. They are no longer showing outward signs of the disease, but still feel tired. Which stage of the infectious process would this patient be in?
A patient was recently exposed to the flu. They have begun to develop non-specific symptoms such as malaise. Which state of the infectious process would this patient be in?
A patient was exposed to chicken pox. They have not yet begun to develop symptoms of the disease. Which stage of the infectious process would this patient be in?
Match the Defense Mechanism with the appropriate Action for Skin
Contains fatty acids that kill some bacteria
Match the Defense Mechanism with the appropriate Action for Mouth
Provides mechanical barrier to microorganism
Match the Defense Mechanism with the appropriate Action for Respiratory Tract
Engulf and destroy microorganism
Match the Defense Mechanism with the appropriate Action for Urinary Tract
Washes away microorganisms
Match the Defense Mechanism with the appropriate Action for Gastrointestinal Tract
Prevents retention of bacterial contents
Match the Defense Mechanism with the appropriate Action for Match the Defense Mechanism with the appropriate Action for Vagina
Inhibits growth of many microorganism
No known or unknown general patient care
Varicella zoster (chicken pox)
What is true regarding surgical asepsis?
It is known is known as a sterile technique
What action exemplifies a nurse practicing medical asepsis in performing daily care?
Keeping bed linens off the floor
What bacteria can lie dormant when conditions for growth are not favorable?
What should the nurse be diligent in to provide a safe environment for the patient?
Hand hygiene between patient contacts
What does the nurse describe when giving an example of a fomite vehicle?
The nurse is concerned
The nurse is concerned when a patient admited with a diagnosis of pneumonia suddenly develops a urinary tract infection (UTI). What type of infection is this UTI considered?
Health care-associated infection
What assessment does the nurse recognize as an inflammatory response in a surgical wound on the leg of a patient?
Rubor and edema appear around the wound
What technique should the nurse use when disposing of linens contaminated with feces?
Don gloves only
The nurse is instructing a patient about the most important preventive technique for breaking the chain of infection. What technique is the patient learning about?
A LPN/LN is asked by the RN to administer an IV chemotherapeutic agent to a patient in the acute care setting. What law should this nurse refer to before initiating this intervention?
Nurse practice act
A nurse fails to irrigate a feeding tube as ordered, resulting in harm to the patient. This nurse could be found guilty of:
The nurse is preparing the patient for a thoracentesis. What must be completed before the procedure may be performed?
An older adult is admitted to the hospital with numerous bodily bruises, and the nurse suspects abuse. What is the best nursing action?
report the bruises to the charge nurse
What is the best way for a nurse to avoid a lawsuit?
Provide compassionate competent care
The nurse is caring for a patient with a do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order. Although nurse may disagree with this order, what is his or her legal obligation?
To follow the order
The nurse has strong moral convictions that abortions are wrong. When assigned to assist with an abortion, what is the most appropriate action for the nurse to take?
Ask for another assignment
The new LPN/LVN is concerned regarding what should or should not be done for patients. What resource will best provide this information?
standard of care
When asked to perform a procedure that the nurse has never done before, what should the nurse do to legally protect himself or herself?
Discuss it with the charge nurse, asking for direction
A nurse working on an acute care medical surgical unit is aware that his or her first duty is to the patients health, safety, and well-being. Given this knowledge, which of the following is most necessary for the nurse to report?
Unethical behavior of other staff members
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