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Competency 005 - Geography and Culture in World History
Terms in this set (20)
Which of the following best explains the failure of the Spanish to conquer England and the Mongols to conquer Japan?
a. Both the Spanish and the Mongols lacked the weapons necessary to defeat the English and the Japanese.
b. Both the Spanish and the Mongols had poor military leadership.
c. Both the Spanish and the Mongols intentionally avoided conflict with these nations.
d. Both the Spanish and the Mongols were unable to overcome geographic and weather barriers to conquering the English and Japanese.
D. Both the Spanish and the Mongols were unable to overcome geographic and weather barriers to conquering the English and Japanese.
As King Philip I of Spain's Spanish Armada approached England, a major storm occurred and most of the Spanish ships were blown off course and sank. The few ships that remained were defeated by the English. After the storm, King Philip did not have a strong enough navy to attempt another massive invasion. The same thing happened to the Mongols. As they approached Japan with their navies, a storm kept them from completing their invasion. The Mongols tried again, but another storm kept them at bay. Due to the challenges of invading an island nation, the Mongols abandoned their plan to invade Japan.
Which of the following best describes the major impact that both the Suez and Panama Canals had on world history?
a. Both canals allowed for the movement of people to different hemispheres.
b. Both canals led to improved communication systems.
c. Both canals were used as supply lines during World War I.
d. Both canals decreased the amount of time needed to transfer goods to major world markets.
D. Both canals decreased the amount of time needed to transfer goods to major world markets.
Both the Suez and the Panama Canals significantly shortened the time it took to travel from Europe to Asia and from one side of North America to the other. This decrease in travel time allowed for a quicker shipment of goods around the world. The quicker goods are spread the cheaper that they are, thus impacting the world economy.
Which of the following best describes the impact of the pattern above on the culture of Great Britain?
a. The percentage of technological jobs increased
b. Great Britain became more diversified with an increase of Jews, Catholics, and Eastern Orthodox Christians.
c. Places of employment had to hire translators to work with new hires.
d. Art, music, and literature changed dramatically to appeal to the new immigrants.
B. Great Britain became more diversified with an increase of Jews, Catholics, and Eastern Orthodox Christians.
The nations on the map are significant for their religious contributions to a dominantly protestant country. Russia, Germany, Austria, and Poland all had large numbers of Jewish peoples, so you can conclude that many of the people coming from the countries practiced Judaism and that it would transfer to Great Britain. Both Spain and Poland are known for their large populations of Catholics, so it would make sense to assume that some of the individuals moving from these countries to Great Britain would bring their religion with them. Finally, Russia has a large segment of Eastern Orthodox Christians, so you can conclude that some of the immigrants would practice Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Together this influx of different religions would transform Great Britain into a more religiously diverse nation.
Throughout history, different nations battled for control of the Strait of Hormuz and the Strait of Gibraltar. Why was control of these straits so important in world history?
a. they protected nations from invasions
b. they allowed nations to control trade routes
c. they were especially rich in seafood for consumption
d. they provided fresh water for irrigation
B. they allowed nations to control trade routes
The control of trade routes was very profitable for nations and this is why these straits were so important in world history.
During the early Middle Ages, which of the following was a major reason for the transformation of the Carolingian Empire and other European peoples from polygamy to monogamy?
a. the conversion of most European people to Christianity
b. the inclusion of women's property rights in common law
c. the shortage of women after the Black Death
d. the increased demand for female slaves to be sent to the Arab world
A. the conversion of most European people to Christianity
The conversion of most peoples of Europe to Christianity helped end the practice of polygamy in European societies.
Linguistic evidence shows that the majority of the people in Central and South Africa are descendents of one major group that migrated across Africa prior to the 10th century. This group is also believed to be responsible for the spread of ironworking throughout Central and South Africa. Which of the following was this group?
The Bantus were the group that spread throughout Central and Southern Africa.
During which of the following eras was this artwork created?
a. the Renaissance
b. the French Revolution
c. European Imperialism
d. World War II
B. the French Revolution
This painting was created by the French painter David. David is also known for his paintings of Napoleon.
During the height of Ashoka the Great's rule in India, he converted from Hinduism to Buddhism. Which of the following could be associated with Ashoka's conversion?
a. Ashoka imposed the caste system throughout India.
b. Ashoka went on a pilgrimage to Mecca.
c. Ashoka restricted the incidences of warfare.
d. Ashoka imposed criminal penalties for those who violated the Ten Commandments.
C. Ashoka restricted the incidences of warfare.
Since Buddhist teachings stressed the importance of nonviolence it is reasonable to assume that Ashoka embraced at least some aspects of restricting nonviolence.
Which of the following locations is considered a sacred location for Hindus?
a. the city of Cuzco
b. the Ganges River
c. the Shrine of Guadalupe
d. the city of Mecca
B. the Ganges River
The Ganges River is a sacred river (considered a goddess) for Hindus and is considered a sacred site.
The Ganges River
Since the 19th century, increase in human population and an increased reliance on modern technology have resulted in -
a. increased air and water pollution
b. decreased economic opportunities
c. limited cultural interaction
d. restrictive international trade
A. increased air and water pollution
Increased air and water pollution is a direct result of human activity. Smoke and other air pollutants lead to smog and poor air quality and a variety of human waste products - both natural and man-made - pollute the water and destroy the animal life in the oceans. This has been a byproduct of increased population and modern technology.
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