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Terms in this set (36)
I am studying now.
I had studied.
past perfect continuous
I had been studying.
Grammar Translation method
Memorization is stressed. Vocabulary lists and verb conjugations.
Listening and repeating. Memorizing dialogues. Teaching about the culture of a country.
Cognitive Code/ transformational grammar
Chomsky...Language analysis, teaching deep structure, understanding grammar and L1 rules are a prerequisite, listening/speaking/reading/writing are all taught at once.
Focus on communication and real life situations, dramatic teaching style, writing early on, primary goal is oral fluency
Notational Functional Approach
Focus on grammar and communicative purposes for using lang. "What do you want to accomplish with language?"
Community Language Learning
Teachers act as language counselors. The counselor translates what student says, records it and becomes the text for the next day. Empathy and speaking about how they feel.
Krashan-comprehensible input, visuals, realia, modeled speech, vocabulary development. Focus on content rather than form. Listening/speaking before reading/writing.
Total Physical Response
Asher- stresses comprehension and physical activity. Students listen and respond to commands. High rate of retention and low affective filter.
Teach the whole student. Learn about themselves and classmates while learning the language...lessons deal with personal and significant issues.
Chamot and O'Malley- learning strategies, content vocabulary, metacognitive strategies, social/affective strategies, etc.
given after completion of a course of study
Curriculum and instruction
Real life situation
Discrete Point Assessment
hear and speak sounds correctly
Ask open ended questions
places them into program
profound effect on ability to communicate...focused on message
focused on grammar
know rules, have time, and understand form (punc., spelling)
Learned, not acquired
provide challenges and support
common underlying proficiency
one center in brain for aquiring lang....teach both lang at same time (promote literacy in primary lang as well as second lang.)
little degree of transfer from L1 to L2, informal conversation, 2-3 years of comprehensible input
5-7 years of schooling, SDAIE instruction
lau vs nichols
Chinese speakers in San Fran- every child must participate in educational program
castaneda vs pickard
Appropriate action to overcome lang barriers: plan, staff, evaluate
Cannot discriminate in federally funded programs
Equal Educational Opportunity Act
Cannot deny equal opportunity by failing to take appropriate action to overcome lang barriers.
Early production...one/ two words
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