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TSPA Test 2
Terms in this set (74)
Bacteriology is the study of
bacteria that are harmless and can even be beneficial are called
What kind of disease is transmitted by the spread from one person to another
What kind of bacterial cells are rod shaped?
What kind of bacterial cells are spiral, coiled, corkscrew shaped?
Pus-forming bacterial cells that form grape like bunches or cluster and are present in abscesses are called?
Bacterial cells that grow in pairs and are the cause of certain infections such as pneumonia are called?
What stage of growth do bacteria reproduce and grow rapidly?
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes the immune system to
Organisms that live on or obtain their nutrients from another organism are called
Disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the blood or bodily fluids are known as
blood borne pathogens
Disinfecting salon equipment is known as what?
_____________- the circulatory system carries bacteria and their toxins to all parts of the body
What type of immunity is provided when a person is given antibodies to a disease rather than producing them through his or her own immune system?
What are the two basic types of an infection?
Local and general(systematic)
_____________- the bodies ability to destroy infectious agents that enter the body
________- an infection confined to a small area, pus filled boil or inflamed area
What is an example of a local infection?
What is the medical term for head lice?
What is the best way to control head lice?
What are the ways that HIV can be spread?
blood, semen, breast milk, vaginal fluids
Viruses like the common cold is a type of _____________ virus
What do bacillia and sprilla use to propel themselves through liquids?
Flagella or cilla
_________- long hair like projections that propel bacilla and sprilla cells through liquid
________- short hair like projections that propel bacilla and sprilla cells through liquid
_____________- a one celled organism
What are two other names for bacteria?
germs or microbes
What are the three types of pathogenic bacteria?
cocci, bacilli, spirilla
__________- round shaped cells that appear in groups or singuraly
__________- bunch shaped cells that are found in boils, are pus forming
______- long chained cells that cause strep and are pus forming
__________- paired cells that cause pneumonia
What is the most common form of bacteria?
_______- spiral shaped cells that cause syphilluis, lyme disease, and cholera
What are all of the places bacteria enters the body?
ears, eyes, mouth, genitals, nose
_________________- describes efforts to prevent the spread of communicable diseases
What are the 3 steps in infection control?
1-cleaning 2-disinfection 3-sterilization
______________- is the process of scrubbing to remove dirt and debris to aid in preventing the growth of microbes
What does completely immerse mean
completely submerged and covered
Wash your hands with _____ and ________ water
_________________- these standards require products to destroy or kill certain microbes on surfaces that are nonporous
Virucidal disinfection kills ____________
Disinfection products are toxic, __________________________________
follow manufactures instructions
What does OSHA stand for?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
What does OSHA enforce?
safety and health standards in the workplace
What does SDS stand for?
Safety Data Sheet
What are SDS designed for?
Provide key information on specific products
____________ is the ability to produce results or effectivness
EPA registered hospital disinfectant is effective to work in a hospital setting on _________ surfaces
Most regulatory agencies require approved EPA-registered hospital disinfectant for incidents involving exposure to ________ or __________________
blood or bodily fluids
______________ are infectious micro-organisms in human blood that causes diseases in humans
blood borne pathogens
What is the carrier of blood borne pathogens?
The best salon disinfectants are _________ and _________ _______
effective and fast acting
when you mix concentrate (marvacide), what do you mix first?
water then marvacide
What are examples of porous items?
cotton balls, neck strips, bobby pins, emery boards, gloves, sponges, pumice stone
_____________ is the procedures to kill or destroy all microbes
Key information on a specific product regarding ingredients, associated hazards, combustion levels and storage requirements is provided by ______
What information is assigned to a product, along with the approval of the efficacy claims on the label to ensure the product is safe and effective?
EPA registration number
An approved EPA-registered disinfectant is effective on what type of surface?
When disinfecting tools must be precleaned before _________
What should you do to a porous item such as a neck strip, sponge or emory board once it has been used on a client?
Any tools or supplies that come in contact with the client during a service must be discarded or:
Dispose of sharp objects such as razor blades in a(n):
puncture proof container
Destroying or killing all microbes is:
Tools and instruments used to puncture or invade the skin must be sterilized or designed to be:
_____________- encourage people to help other in an emergency situation, gives legal protection to people who provide the emergency care to ill or injured person(s), required that the individual uses common sense and a reasonable level of skill in all emergency situations
good Samaritan law
What is the first step in bleeding and wound first aid?
place a clean cloth/gauze with a gloved hand over wound and apply pressure
________ away all traces of chemicals while moving away from contaminated ____________
If skin is not broken, immerse in ______ water or gently apply a ______ ______; bandage with clean and dry cloth
cool water, cool compress
How many minutes should you flush eyes with lukewarm water when coming in contacts with chemicals?
When preforming first aid for bleeding wounds, what is the next step after bleeding stops?
apply the bandage
What is the first step in finding out if someone is chocking?
determine if the victim can speak or cough
What is the best step to be taken if a person has fainted?
apply a cold compress
If a victim appears to be having an allergic reaction, where could you locate information about product usage?
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