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Chapter 8 quiz Fitness for living
Terms in this set (20)
What do we call the substances, including carbohydrates, fats, protein, vitamins, minerals and water, we must obtain from foods because our bodies cannot produce them?
Which of the following is a macronutrient that provides calories and that we need to consume in fairly large amounts?
Fat contains ______________ calories per gram.
Which maronutrient is 4 calories per gram and can be found in meat, poultry, fish, milk, eggs and legumes?
Which of the following is not an essential nutrient, but provides 7 calories per gram of energy?
Which of the following essential nutrients is responsible for the digestion and absorption of food and a medium for chemical reaction throughout the body?
A calorie may be defined as...
a measure of the energy in a food.
For a 6-foot-tall, 20 year old male, a daily caloric intake of 2,500 calories would be ...
Which term refers to the amount of energy in a food per unit of weight?
Nutrient-dense foods are...
rich in vitamins and minerals while providing few calories
Glucose that is not used by the body as fuel can be stored as _______ in the liver and muscles.
Dietary fiber is an essential nutrient made of primarily amino acids.
Foods that are fat-free are also calorie-free.
The Daily Values (used on food labels) are based on a daily caloric intake of 2,800 calories.
Average iron requirements are 30-70 percent higher for athletes compared to individuals engaging in typical levels of physical activity.
Vegans are vegetarians that eat only dairy and fish as sources of dietary protein.
Red wine and dark chocolate both contain antioxidants.
Antioxidants interact with and stabilize free radicals, lessening the risk of cancer, heart attacks and stroke
Megadoses of calcium can cause digestion problems and possible kidney damage.
Generally speaking, the daily recommended intake of vitamins and minerals is higher for females than males.
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