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Pharm Chapter 14
Terms in this set (28)
How does guaifenesin work?
Stimulates the flow of respiratory secretions, LOOSEN an THIN mucus
Which class of drugs suppress coughs?
Which of the following medications is a non-opioid antitussive?
The nurse is preparing to administer a drug that acts by reducing the swelling in the nasal passages by vasoconstriction. Which drug might the nurse be administering?
Decongestants, topical decongestants, oral decongestant
Which of the following medications is an expectorant?
A client with chronic allergic rhinitis has been prescribed fluticasone and oxymetazoline nasal sprays. Which instruction should the nurse give the client on how to use these medications?
A pt with nasal congestion should use a decongestant BEFORE using an intranasal steroid
What class of drug is oxymetazoline?
What class of drug is fluticasone?
Which drug would the identify as providing local anesthesia to the respiratory passages?
How do nasal decongestants work?
they stimulate alpha-1 adrenergic receptors on peripheral blood vessels
Which drug causes vasoconstriction by stimulating alpha-1 receptors on capillaries in the nasal mucosa?
How does diphenhydramine work?
act on the cough center in the medulla is an active ingredient in Robitussin DM and Mucinex DM treat allergic rhinitis by blocking histamine at the H-1 receptors on peripheral blood vessel, also a seditive
The nurse is instructing a client prescribed diphenhydramine for treatment of allergic rhinitis. Which statement should be included in the instruction?
Do Not drive, operate machinery, drink alcohol, or take with other CNS depressants, drink water, use sugarless gum, oral rinse
A client in the clinic states that he is afraid of taking antihistamines because he is a truck driver.Which antihistamine may be safe for the client to take?
non-sedating fexofenadine, loratidine
Drugs like phenylephrine and oxymetazoline are contraindicated for which client?
heart disease, Hypertension, diabetes, and benign prostatic hypertrophy (enlarge prostate)
A client prescribed dextromethorphan wants to know how the drug works.Which nursing response is correct?
Suppress the cough center of the medulla in syrup form, should be GIVEN LAST if other medications are being taken meant to be used with dry cough
The nurse is preparing to administer pseudoephedrine to a client with nasal and sinus congestion. The client vital signs are BP 142/80 pulse 76min respirations 16min temperature 97.5 oxygen saturation 97%. What is the most important nursing action?
Hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, insomnia, restlessness, irritability, and nervousness
A client receives an expectorant in syrup form. The nurse instructs the client not to eat or drink fluids for how long?
30 min DO NOT follow immediately by food or water for 30min
The nurse is preparing to administer a client 9:00 am medications. The medications consist of codeine cough syrup and five tablets: nifedipine, furosemide, vitamin C, iron, and sertraline. When should the nurse administer the client's codeine cough syrup?
Last after all the others
The nurse is reinforcing discharge teaching for a client prescribed codeine cough syrup. Which of the following should be included in the teaching?
Constipation, CNS depression dependence do not take with other CNS do not take for wet cough, see Dr if cough last longer than 1 week, may cause dependency, drink lots of water 2-3L daily do not operate machinery
A client is prescribed a first generation antihistamine. The nurse monitors the client for which anticholinergic effect of the drug?
thicken mucous, drowsiness, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention
Which of the following medications is a topical decongestant?
Which of the following medications is an oral decongestant?
Which of the following medications is an intranasal corticosteroid?
fluticasone propionate,triamcinolone acetonide
What advantage do topical decongestants have over oral decogestants?
topical work fast straight to the source
What advantage do oral decongestant have over topical decongestants?
less risk to get rebound
Which class of medication is the most potent at treating allergic rhinitis?
Intranasal corticosteroids are ablate treat which of the following symptoms of allergic rhinitis?
sneezing, itching, rhinorrhea, and nasal congestion
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