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Health and Wellness - Chapter 15
Terms in this set (113)
What term do public health experts prefer to use in place of the word accident to describe injuries that can be avoided?
What is the leading cause of unintentional injury death for all Americans?
motor vehicle crashes
Approximately what percentage of motor vehicle crashes are caused by speeding, failing to yield the right of way, and other types of improper driving?
Why should drivers use defensive driving techniques?
to reduce the risk of injury caused by people who are driving poorly
Drivers in which age group are the most likely to be involved in distraction-related crashes?
under age 20
Public health experts avoid using the term accident when referring to unintentional injuries because it implies that the injuries are
Nikki is a 25-year-old American. What is the leading cause of unintentional injury death for her demographic?
motor vehicle crash
Drowsiness will likely lead to which of the following effects?
-slower reaction time
______ tends to be a factor in most motor vehicle crashes that result in death.
Safe driving practices that involve anticipating potential hazards by observing other drivers is called ___________ driving.
Which of the following are examples of aggressive driving behaviors?
-running red lights
Which of the following is an example of distracted driving?
eating a burrito
An extreme form of aggressive driving called __________ __________ occurs when a driver experiences uncontrolled anger toward another driver and begins to break traffic laws.
How does alcohol consumption affect driving?
-It interferes with motor coordination.
-It slows reaction time.
-It impairs judgment.
Which of the following is a source of driver inattention?
Which of the following is an example of a passive restraint?
an air bag
At what age may children ride in the front seat of a car?
Approximately what portion of traffic fatalities are associated with aggressive driving behavior?
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals recommends that people use restraints for their pets while driving in order to
-reduce the risk that drivers will be distracted by their pets.
-minimize injury to both pets and people in the event of an accident.
Road rage is an extreme form of
How do helmets affect a motorcyclist's risks of traumatic brain injury?
Helmets significantly reduce the risk of traumatic brain injury.
Approximately how many Americans are involved in alcohol-related crashes at some point during their life?
three in 10
What is the most significant safety concern for bicyclists?
making themselves visible to others on the road
A(n) ___________ restraint is a type of safety device that does not require vehicle occupants to engage it.
Why are Americans more likely than their Western European counterparts to suffer fatal or serious injuries on bikes?
because most American communities do not have bicycle infrastructure
What safety measures should be taken for infants and children who are riding in motor vehicles?
-Infants and toddlers should not ride in the front seats of cars with air bags.
-Children under 4 feet tall should use booster seats.
-Infants should ride in rear-facing carriers.
Which of the following statements about pedestrian fatality rates in the United States is accurate?
The rate for men is about twice that for women.
True or false: The majority of pet owners use animal restraints for their pets when driving them.
A(n) ______________ _____________is a pedestrian who is wrapped up in electronic distractions and is not paying much attention to what's happening around them.
Motorcyclists can significantly reduce the risk of fatal injuries and traumatic brain injuries by doing which of the following?
wearing a helmet
Which of the following statements about wearing safety equipment during recreational activities are true?
-Participants should get in the habit of wearing safety equipment during recreational activities.
-It can significantly reduce the risk of injury.
What actions can bicyclists take to make themselves more visible to other vehicle operators?
-using headlights or other portable lights
-using reflective tape
-wearing brightly colored clothing
______ constitute over 50% of all drowning victims.
White, non-Hispanic men
Which of the following statements best describes the state of infrastructure designed for cycling safety in large American cities?
Most large cities do not have bicycle infrastructure and, if they do, it is generally poorly maintained.
Who should wear personal flotation devices?
anyone who does activities on the water
Which ethnic group has the highest pedestrian fatality rate?
Lynne is using her smartphone as she walks to class. What behaviors might we expect Lynne to engage in as she walks?
-walking at a slower pace
Which of the following statements about rock climbing are correct?
Injuries associated with indoor rock climbing include dislocations as well as sprains and lacerations.
Wearing safety equipment and appropriate clothing during recreational activities and sports
significantly reduces the risk of injury.
Where do most injuries occur?
in the home
More than ______ of the adults in the United States are unable to swim the length of a pool 24 yards long.
A(n) ________ _________emits an alarm noise when it detects a fire in the home.
Wearing a personal flotation device is recommended for which of the following activities?
Which age group is the most vulnerable to accidental poisoning?
What should you do if someone with you has been poisoned?
seek medical advice immediately
Common indoor rock-climbing injuries include which of the following?
Approximately what percentage of all disabling injuries occur in the home?
If a person with a partially blocked airway is coughing forcefully, what should you do?
allow the person to continue coughing
What is the source of most fire-related deaths?
smoke or toxic gases
Which of the following statements about noise-induced hearing loss are true?
-Loud noise can cause physical damage to parts of the inner ear.
-Exposure to loud noise can lead to a loss in hearing.
-Some noise-induced hearing loss is inevitable as we age.
A poison is harmful to the body only if it is ingested.
What is a concussion?
a traumatic brain injury
Which of the following are signs of poisoning?
What is the purpose of chest compressions during CPR?
to restore heartbeat
Under what circumstances should the Heimlich maneuver be performed on a choking victim?
if the person cannot talk or breathe
What are the symptoms of unergonomic computer use?
Which of the following are typical early symptoms of noise-induced hearing loss?
-ringing or buzzing noises in the ears
-a slight muffling of sounds
-difficulty understanding speech
Which of the following statements about concussions are true?
-Concussions can be caused by actions that violently jolt the head and brain.
-Symptoms of a concussion can persist for months or even years.
-Symptoms of a concussion can be emotional or related to sleep.
As part of her job, Janelle types at her computer for an average of three hours per day. She notices tingling in her fingers if she types for more than 20 minutes at a time. This might be caused by ______, a condition known as carpal tunnel syndrome.
compression of a nerve in her wrist
Which of the following is the traditional emergency rescue technique that involves mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest compressions?
What is an effect of tilting your head forward while looking at a smartphone or tablet on your lap?
It increases the pressure on your spine.
Which of the following are examples of natural disasters?
What activities cause carpal tunnel syndrome?
Which of the following is defined as the use of force or the threat of force to inflict intentional physical or psychological injury on oneself or another person?
Which of the following are risk factors that can lead to violence?
-growing up in poverty
-experiencing childhood abuse
-attending poor-quality schools
True or false: Violence is less prevalent on college campuses than in the general population.
A hurricane that causes massive flooding of coastal areas and a tornado that rips through a town are both examples of __________ disasters.
The Clery Act mandated that colleges and universities that accept Title IX funding must ______.
share information about crimes committed on or near campus.
An action that serves as an initiation rite into an organization, such as a fraternity, and that produces mental or physical discomfort, embarrassment, or ridicule is called _______.
Which of the following are examples of violent crimes?
Which of the following terms is specifically used to refer to verbal, written, or symbolic acts that convey a grossly negative view of a person or a group based on gender, ethnicity, race, religion, sexual orientation, or disability?
Which of the following are the most reliable risk factors for violence?
-being between the ages of 14 and 25
Rates of violence are higher ________ than in the general population.
on college campuses
______ is any sexual behavior that is forced on someone without his or her consent.
Crime statistics from college campuses collected since the passage of the Clery Act have shown that the three most common crimes committed on or near college campuses are ______ and motor vehicle thefts.
burglaries, aggravated assaults,
Which of the following is a common cause of death by hazing?
Different studies suggest that approximately ______ of men have engaged in sexual assault or sexual coercion.
25% to 60%
What is the intent of hate speech?
to humiliate or harm
Which statement about statutory rape is true?
A perpetrator can be charged even if there was consent.
Acquaintance rape can be committed by which of the following people?
-a casual friend
______ is defined as imposing sexual activity on someone through the threat of nonphysical punishment, promise of reward, or verbal pressure rather than through force or threat of force.
Prior to the assault, survivors of ______ are more likely to have consumed alcohol or drugs.
How much blame does the victim bear in a rape case?
The victim is never at fault.
True or false: Studies show that 15% to 25% of college men have engaged in sexual assault or sexual coercion.
It is recommended that survivors of a rape seek help from authorities within ______ hours, so that forensic evidence can be collected.
When rape involves a victim who is under the age of consent, it is referred to as ______ rape.
___________ consent is a yes means yes standard that requires both partners engaged in sexual activity to establish consent that is enthusiastic, unambiguous, and voluntary.
Which type of rape is relatively rare?
Why are people who have consumed alcohol or drugs more likely to be victims of acquaintance rape?
-They are less able to recognize signs of aggression.
-Their ability to respond to violence is impaired.
What do authorities recommend that a victim do in a rape situation?
whatever is necessary to survive
Contacting the police following a rape increases the likelihood that
the perpetrator will be brought to justice.
What types of actions contribute to a hostile work environment and constitute sexual harassment?
-sending obscene e-mails
-making suggestive jokes
-displaying offensive visual images
Why does affirmative consent require the use of spoken language, but not body language?
-because body language can be more open to misinterpretation than spoken language
-because most women do not use body language to indicate consent
-because the majority of men tend to interpret body language as indicating consent, even if it isn't
What actions should you take if you experience sexual harassment at work?
-keep a written record of incidents
-confront the offender if you can
-complain to a supervisor if necessary
A person in a position of authority is guilty of sexual harassment in which of the following circumstances?
-when he or she offers benefits for sexual favors
-when he or she threatens retaliation for the withholding of sex
Which of the following statements about cyberstalking are true?
-Impersonating the targeted person on bulletin boards or in chat rooms is a form of cyberstalking.
-Cyberstalking includes sending threatening e-mails to the targeted person.
-Cyberstalking involves the use of electronic media.
Intimate partner violence may include which of the following?
-shoving your partner
-putting your partner down constantly
If neither your sexual harasser nor workplace supervisor respond to your complaint and the sexual harassment continues, what is the recommended next step?
seek legal support
Men who physically abuse their partners are more likely than the average population to have which of the following?
-struggles with substance abuse
-mental health issues
Men are more likely than women to be victims of stalking.
Intimate partner violence in the home is often referred to as ___________ violence.
Which of the following are typical of hate crimes?
-The crimes are often brutal.
-The crimes are often committed by a number of people.
-The perpetrators often do not know the victims.
Which of the following are common purposes of terrorism?
-to instill fear in people
-to create a sense of helplessness in victims
-to support a political or social aim
A recurring pattern, or cycle, of escalating violence in a heterosexual relationship is sometimes referred to as
battered woman syndrome.
Which of the following statements is true?
Eventually most battered women leave their abuser for good.
Which of the following are measures generally supported by proponents of gun control?
-placing age restrictions for handgun purchases
-lobbying for the design of safer handguns
A(n) ______ is a criminal act that is motivated by a victim's ethnicity, race, religion, sexual orientation, or disability.
Approximately how many gun deaths in the United States each year are from people committing suicide?
Which of the following crimes is typically done in order to advance a political or social purpose?
Repeated media exposure to violence may result in ______, which is a raised threshold for reaction to violence and a loss of compassion.
Which of the following statements concerning gun ownership in the United States is accurate?
The gun industry supports the right of Americans to own guns.
Having access to a gun can be extremely dangerous for a suicidal person because approximately ______ of suicide attempts with a gun are successful.
How does repeated exposure to graphic images of violence affect someone who views the images and experiences habituation and desensitization?
It increases the desire for more intense violent images.
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