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Terms in this set (61)
The two (2) basic types of models in TR are
content and process models
Provide patient-centered careEmploy evidence-based practiceWork in interdisciplinary teamsApply quality improvementUtilize informatics
The above list are part of
the core competencies for health care professionals
TR professionals who work with children and adolescents often use art therapy and music therapy interventions
A CTRS on a pediatric unit in a hospital may include end of life care such as facilitating the grieving process for the child/adolescent or family members.
TR professionals may work with children/adolescents in a variety of settings. Some of those settings include
Hospitals, residential settings and schools
According to the NCTRC data, CTRSs working with infants/toddlers and young children combined with adolescents is very common.
There are several human development theories that a CTRS may use as a basis for program development. Two key theories are Piaget's Cognitive Theory and
Erickson's Psychosocial Theory
The role of a CTRS may include adapting a toy to meet the individual needs of a child. Some examples of adaptations may include creating switches, use of large or wider crayons and writing utensils.
Regardless of chronological age, hospitalization disrupts growth and development
The following developmental characteristics are evident in which age group: striving for identity, body image concerns, increased independence, begin to think more abstractly.
Adolescents (12-21 years)
The purpose of TR is to assist persons ro recover following threats to health and to achieve as high a level of health as possible.
This above statement best describes which model used in the TR profession
Health Protection-Health Promotion and Outcome and Service Delivery Model
The Flourishing through Leisure Model: An Ecological Extension of Leisure and Well Being is a new strength-based model focused on leisure, cognitive, physical, spiritual, social and psychological/emotional well being.
Some key EBP interventions when working with children/adolescents include adventure & nature-based activities, community integration & reintegration, creative cooking, leisure education, sensory intervention and
Bibliotherapy and medical speciality camps
Play helps children to develop physically, cognitively, socially and emotionally.
The following developmental characteristics are evident in which age group: striving for a sense of initiative, vivid imagination, likes to imitate/role play
Preschoolers (3-6 years)
A playroom as shown below may be part of a pediatric unit. This may be used by the CTRS on the unit for
Picture from St Louis Children's Hospital
A Certified Child Life Specialist is the same as a Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist but in a pediatric setting.
Medical/therapeutic play and pediatric play are the same intervention just implemented by different professionals.
The diagnosis of development disability refers to individuals with only a mental impairment such as a person with an intellectual disability.
With the publication of the DSM-5, the preferred term to use is mental retardation when referring to a disability with characteristics of subaverage intellectual functioning, adaptive behavior and onset during birth to 18 to 21 years of age.
The CTRS implements an after school program for teenagers with neurodevelopmental disorders, mainly intellectual disorders, that focuses on development of friendships and recreational activities to do in the community. The CTRS has individualized goals for each participants and tracks the progress made after each session. According to the Leisure Ability Model, this is an example of
Some characteristics of ASD may be potential strengths and should be incorporated into TR interventions when possible.
The CTRS works as a inclusion specialist employed by the local recreation department. The CTRS works one to one with an Autistic child to participate in a weekly painting class with his sibling. The CTRS is not the instrutor for the course but does work with the instructor on adaptations for the Autistic child to actively participate. According to the Leisure Ability Model, this is an example of
The phrase Learning Disorders is a general term that describes several different specific kinds of learning problems.
When a CTRS works with individuals with learning disorders, it is more likely the learning disorder will be a secondary diagnosis that the practitioner will need to be aware of and adapt to when implementing treatment.
You can obtain the Certified Child Life Specialist credential through the National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification under the speciality certification section.
The dually certified CCLS/CTRS uses a child-friendly prep book with lots of photos to explain how the medicine targets tumors using radiation and why the radiation means isolation is required for several days after the treatment. The child is allowed to explore the medical equipment to be used on his/her favorite stuffed animal. This is an example of
Individuals who have Down Syndrome may vary in the combination of traits they posses. Generally speaking, the individuals will present with what characteristics
Mild to moderate classification and some differences in physical appearance such as slanted eyelids, depressed nasal bridge and decreased muscle tone.
Identity first language is preferred by many in the Autism community. An example of IFL is...she has Autism.
A CTRS may work with Autistic individuals in MANY different settings to include
Adult Day Programs
Residential treatment facility
Following the IEP developed for the student, the CTRS in charge of the afterschool program, demonstrates appropriate social interaction between 2 individuals and allows for question and answers before the students pratice the social skills activity. The CTRS is incorporating these strategies for success because her clients may
have voiced the need for these strategies as a result of their experiences in the past
have co-occuring diagnoses with one being a learning disorder
have learning disorders based on her assessment of each participant
Some examples of general changes in aging related to our senses is a decrease in smell and taste.
The average aging person living in the community, will experience some type of mental health disorder as they age.
An aging individual may experience loss of short term memory. This is an example of change in what domain of functioning?
There is definitive agreement in the research that shows creativity later in life is one area that shows much decline due to loss of brain functioning.
An aging individual experiences feelings of urgency and the increased need to urinate as a result of decreased muscle tone in urinary structures. This is an example of change in what domain of functioning?
It is difficult to address ageism because it exists across all cultures.
The Reframing Aging Project is one example of an action taken by a group of organizations to compact the stereotypes of aging. One goal of the group is to redefine the concept of aging to be viewed just as any other stage in life
The basic requirements to obtain the credential as a Activity Consultant Certified include education, experience and
Services/programs are offered to all residents, often in large groups and facilitated by a paraprofessional. These are characteristics mainly of which type of service
Activities services are purposeful and goal interventions whereas Recreational Therapy services are solely fun, social and diversional in nature.
Men may experience biological changes in the reproductive system with aging such as decreased sperm count.
An aging person is accepting of the world rather than trying to chage a dangerous or complex place. This is an example of change in what domain of functioning?
An aging individual may experience 2 major changes in muscles: loss of muscle mass and decreased elasticity. This is an example of change in what domain of functioning?
When health professionals falsely attribute pathologic conditions to normal aging, they likely overlook treatable conditions, & significant harm can result from negligence.
One example shared in the lecture notes as a means to fight against stereotypes of aging is to not purchase birthday cards with a negative message about aging
A CTRS may become a ACC if requirements are met.
Recreation therapy and activity therapy are essentially the same service when working in a long term care setting.
Senile dementia is the correct, more up to date phrase that accurately includes all different types of memory loss disorders.
An individual can no longer verbally communicate with others, is completely dependent on others for care, is at risk for infections such as pneumonia. These are signs of
severe alzheimers disease
The 3 general phases of Alzheimers Disease include
mild, moderate, severe
Picks Disease, Lewy Body Disease, Korsakoff's Disease are all
types of dementias
Validation can be both a type of communication and a specific program used with older adults with dementia on memory care units.
Alzheimers Disease is the most common form of dementia.
The diagnostic criteria for dementia include impaired memory, impaired social or occupation function in addition to one or more of the following abstract problem solving, judgement and
language and personality
There is an increased focus of this disease due to the publicity of professional football players (and other athletes) being diagnosed with the disease. This disease is
CTE- chronic traumatic encephalopathy
An individual is feeling sad for extended period of time over 4 weeks, expresses guilt over surviving while loved one died, is irritable and has not participated in pleasurable interests. These are signs of
Some conditions present as dementia-like but with appropriate intervention are reversible. Cognition improves. Some of these conditions include non-malignant brain tumors, side effects of medication, subdural hematoma and
CJD is a rare fatal brain disorder that causes rapid, progressive dementia and other neuromuscular disturbances
An individual begins to have problems recognizing family and friends, is unable to get dressed independently, and is showing paranoia. These are signs of
moderate alzheimers disease
Dementia is a broad term used to describe many different types of Alzheimer's Disease
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