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GA 7.1 Architectural Basics
Terms in this set (27)
Creating images in the computer by designating and manipulating their width, height, and depth.
A person who designs buildings and advises in their construction.
A specialized ruler designed for drafting and measuring architectural drawings, such as floor plans. An architect's scale features multiple units of length and proportional length increments.
The art or science of building; specifically: the art or practice of designing and building structures, especially habitable ones.
The extent of a two-dimensional surface enclosed within a specified boundary or geometric figure.
The process of building a structure that can be used for many functions.
Show specific sections or areas of a building that require more specific data, such as stair measurements, chimney and fireplace construction, and wall sections.
Shows the exact location of outlets/receptacles, switches, cable, telephone, and other electronic jacks, where the service panel is located, and all data required to show where each wire runs and connects to the main electrical panel.
Refers to wiring between light fixtures and switches, circuit loads, electrical devices, and equipment.
View of each side of the house. Includes exterior material, window and door placements, roof pitch/slope, grade/ground line, steps, etc.
Something that is fixed or attached (as to a building) as a permanent appendage or as a structural part i.e.,a plumbing fixture.
Exterior and interior walls, doors, windows, patios, walks, decks, fireplaces, stairs, mechanical equipment, built-in cabinets, and appliances. Shows the exact location of these and drawn to scale.
Part of the structural system that transfers the load of a building to an area of the ground.
Shows the foundation size, materials, excavation information, waterproofing, and supporting structures.
Heating and Cooling Systems
Refers to any system or mechanical device that provides either heating or cooling for a home. Ex. furnace, boilers, radiators, air conditioners, and central air.
Refers to a sink or receptacle that is connected to water.
Individual or groupings of plans that include positioning of heating and ventilation systems and pipes and plumbing.
The border or outer boundary of a two-dimensional figure.
Shows the location of the house on the site, utilities, topography, site dimensions, and any other building located on the property.
Refers to pipes and fixtures that use water and/or septic within a home.
Shows the floor plan, elevations, and sometimes plot plan in color with minimal dimensions. The presentation drawing is intended to portray the big idea to the client. Sometimes it may include interior views, 3-D renderings, and even models.
The process of building a structure that serves as a dwelling or a home in which a person lives.
A drawing that shows a real object with accurate sizes except they have all been reduced or enlarged by a certain amount (called the scale).
Valley in Roof
When a building footprint is not rectangular, two roofs often come together to form a valley.
WC - Water Closet
A water closet is another name for the toilet.
The working triangle is the distance between the most common three work spaces in a kitchen: the stove, refrigerator, and sink.
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