ACF Fall - Fine Arts (Art)
Terms in this set (176)
Original members of this movement included F.G. Stephens, Thomas Woolner, and James Collinson. Advocating the expression of genuine ideas and study of Nature, their aroused controversy with paintings like The Girlhood of Mary Vrigin and Christ in the House of His Parents. Noted for their association with literature, they published the journal The Germ, and were named for their desire to recapture the artistic spirit of early Renaissance Italy. FTP, what was this 19th century British at movement whose members included William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti?
Answer: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
This artist often appended to his paintings quotes from his putative epic poem "The Fallacies of Hope", which he never published and may never have written. Prone to outrageous claims, such as when he vowed he had been lashed to the stern of the ship Ariel in a blizzard in order to create "Steamboat off a Harbour's Mouth", he often gave his paintings grandiose titles, such as "Slaves Throwing Overboard the Dead and the Dying-Typhoon Coming On". Although is work was criticised by Constable as "airy visions, painted with tinted steam", Ruskin championed such works as "Petworth", Fighting Temeriere", and "Burning of the Houses of Parliament. FTP, who was this English painter perhaps best known for "Rain, Steam and Speed", "The Slave Ship", and "Snowstorm:Hannibal Crossing the Alps"?
Answer: Joseph Mallord William Turner
Just to the left of center on the bottom of this painting is a spotted dog standing at the edge of the water, while on the far right is a man in the overgrowth on the opposite shore. A man is seen reaching into the water at the house which dominates the far left, while in the center two men are trying to navigate the shallow water with a cart drawn by several black animals with red bridles. FTP, what is this famous painting by John Constable?
Answer: The Hay Wain
Among this artist's important works painted in the United States are a painting for the San Francisco Stock Exchange, as well as "Detroit Industry". He gained an intenational reputation with The Nightmare of War and the Dream of Peace and Man at the Crossroads, and created a scandal by including the phrase "God Does Not Exist" in Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in the Central Alameda. Known for his monstrously ugly appearance, FTP, who was this most popular of the Mexican muralists?
Answer: Diego Rivera
Canvases by this artist include The Companions of Fear, The Castle of the Pyrenees, and The Tomb of the Wrestlers, and he also made analogues of famous paintings like David's Madame Recamier and Manet's The Balcony in which he replaced the figures with coffins. Influenced by de Chirico, he gained renown for the painting The Menaced Assassin, while works like Golconda and The Red Model demonstrate his use of visual paradoxes and everyday objects taken out of context, such as enormous rocks floating in air and fishes with legs. FTP, name this Belgian surrealist best-known for his recurring motifs of bowler hats and apples.
Answer: Rene Magritte
The godson of Anthony Koberger, this artist wrote the theoretical studies Treatise on Measurement and Four Books on Human Proportions. Called "the Apelles of black lines" by Erasmus, his early works include illustrations for Brant's Ship of Fools and the Paumgarter Alter, while mature work's like Feast of the Rose-garlands were intended to compete with the best Italian paintings. His best-known works came from his middle period, including St. Jerome in his Study and The Knight, Death and the Devil. FTP, name this great German Renaissance artist and engraver, creator of the Apocalypse series.
Answer: Albrecht Durer
The English manifesto for this art movement was entitled Circle. Rejecting the idea that art must serve a social purpose, the brothers Antoine Pevsner and Naum Gabo issued their Realist Manifesto, in which they conceived of a purely abstract art that reflected modern machinery and technology and which used inductrial materials, and their ideas were applied to architecture and design by Alexander Rodchenko, among others. FTP, what was this Russian art movement founded in 1913 by Vladimir Tatlin?
The wall in the background holds a bell, an hourglass and scales, directly under which sits a dejected looking cherub on top of a wheel. The foreground features a sleeping dog to the left, while tools of intellectual pursuits, including a sphere and a polyhedron, lie scattered around the folds of the title figure's dress. She is sitting and fingers a divider in her right hand, while her left holds up her chin. FTP identify this 1514 work whose title is carried by a strange creature in the upper left hand corner, an engraving by Albrecht Duhrer.
Answer: Melencolia I
Shortly before his death this artist began The Cross of the World, a series of paintings on a religious theme. One of his most famous works was based on the Count de Volney's Ruines and was painted while he was living with Henry Greenough in Florence. In The Voyage of Life he depicts the progression of a young man from birth to old age, while the stages of a society is seen in "The Course of Empire". For 10 points, name this painter of the Hudson River School best remembered for The Ox-Bow.
Answer: Thomas Cole
A former schoolmate and friend of Emile Zola, this painter of The Murder was greatly influenced by the work of Manet, as seen in A Modern Olympia or The Pasha. He soon focused on brush strokes and the balance of 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional images, developing his technique of breaking down an natural object into its composite shapes, including the cylinder, sphere, and cone, a technique clearly seen in his most famous series of works. FTP name this French forerunner of cubism and painter of Mount Saint Victoire.
Answer: Paul Cezanne
This artist's decorations for the Chapelle des Anges of S. Sulpice included his "Heliodorus Expelled from the Temple". Rumored to be the son of Talleyrand, he debuted at the Paris Salon of 1822 with Dante and Virgil in Hell, while a trip to northern Africa provided inspiration for exotic subjects like The Women of Algiers. Creator of "The Massacre at Chios" and "The Death of Sardanopolus", FTP, who was this French Romantic painter of "Liberty Leading the People"?
Answer: Eugene Delacroix
This artist painted a series of 4 frescos based on the Decameron for the decoration of the Pucci villa. Also known for "The Madonna of the Pomegranate" and the "Mystic Nativity", his nickname was due to the corpulence of his eldest brother Giovanni, and means "little barrel" in Italian. The artist of "Primavera", FTP, who is this 15th Century Italian painter of The Birth of Venus?
Answer: Alessandro Botticelli
He claimed to be related to Carlotta, the wife of Emperor Maximilian, and dabbled in cannibalism, recommending women's brains in vinaigrette as a tasty meal. His first important work, "Creation", was typical of his style, which depicted simplified figures in crowded, shallow spaces. Living at "The Blue House", where he served as host to an exiled Trotsky, his depiction of Lenin led to the destruction of his fresco "Man at the Crossroads". The husband of Freda Kahlo, FTP, who was this great Mexican muralist?
Answer: Diego Rivera
The last of the artist's submissions to the Salon, it was first shown there in 1882. A bowl with tangerines rests near a bottle with the Bass Ale label in the bottom right corner, while a pair of legs in yellow stockings and green shoes is seen in the top left corner. The appearance of the central figure is echoed in the champagne bottles near her right hand, while a slanted mirror behind the central woman reveals a gentleman customer. Set in a famous Parisian nightclub, FTP name this Eduoard Manet painting.
Answer: A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
Later paintings like Persephone and Bower Meadow were created during his time as invalid recluse. This followed a period that included such canvases as La Ghirlandata and Monna Vanna, but his prolific output would end after he disinterred some writings he had buried with his wife in 1869. Today he is known for such paintings as The Girlhood of Mary Virgin, Ecce Ancilla Domini, and Beata Beatrix. FTP, name this English artist, the leader of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Answer: Dante Gabriel Rossetti
It is set during the early evening, as a full moon may be seen in the upper right corner, and pale orange streaks flow diagonally across a sky with six stars. The title character is a dark-skinned woman whose left arm can't be seen. She is dressed in a multicolored striped outfit, and has apparently been traveling barefoot through the desert with nothing but a walking stick, a lute, and a large red vase, and appears to be blissfully unaware of the large male lion that sniffs her head. FTP, identify this painting by Henri Rousseau.
Answer: The Sleeping Gypsy or La Boh�mienne Endormie
This artist of House by the Railroad and Sunlight in a Cafeteria originally trained as an illustrator, and was influenced by his time studying under Robert Henri. He frequently painted urban scenes, as in 1927's Drug Store and 1930's Early Sunday Morning, and is known for his masterly use of lighting effects, as in Chop Suey. For ten points, identify this painter of Nighthawks.
Answer: Edward Hopper
The static nature of later paintings like "The Distribution of the Eagles" stands in contrast to early works like "Belisarius Asking Alms" and "Andromache Mourning Hector". He became known as the "Robespierre of the brush" after his election to the National Convention. Works like "The Coronation of Napoleon" and "The Death of Socrates" have led him to be cited as a pioneer of modern art. FTP, who is this French artist of "The Oath of the Horatii" and "The Death of Marat"?
Answer: Jacques-Louis David
It was inspired by Luca Signarelli's frescoes for Orvieto Cathedral. Among its many figures is one of Saint Bartholomew holding his own skin with a depiction of the artist's face on it. Above him is an Apollo-like rendition of Christ. Illustrating Matthew 24:29-31, its creator began work on it 20 years after doing the ceiling for the Sistine Chapel. FTP, name this Michaelangelo work, which depicts the end of times.
Answer: The Last Judgement
A passage in which two dark figures are reclining separates a crowd of onlookers who are obscured by shadow in the background of this painting, while a skylight not visible to the viewer illuminates the forehead of one of the central figures. On the left, a man behind a desk is writing on a piece of paper above a woman who raises her hands in a clawlike gesture to shield her view from the central action. Blood covers the fingers of the central figure, who stares out at the viewer, while four figures with scalpels at right concentrate on a naked form. FTP, name this painting by Thomas Eakins.
Answer: The Gross Clinic
His Adoration of the Magi features portraits of the Medicis holding the foot of Christ, while the monk looking at the viewer may be his own self-portrait. Born with the surname Filipepi, this man's more famous name may have come from the name of the goldsmith to whom he was apprenticed before studying under Fra Lippo Lippi. Painter of Man with Medal and Judith, his thriftiness and association with the religious movement of Savonarola led to poverty in his later years, despite a successful career in which he was known for illustrations of The Divine Comedy and the painting Primavera. FTP, name this artist best known for the Birth of Venus.
Answer: Sandro Botticelli (accept Filipepi until mentioned)
Facing La Disputa in the Stanza della Segnatura, the elements of this painting are reminiscent of Leonardo's The Last Supper, and Bramante's St. Peter's Basilica, and the works of Michelangelo, who appears at bottom center. The background contains statues of Apollo and Athena overlooking a mass of people gathered around four steps. The table in the front center is being written upon by Pythagoras, while to the side Euclid is seen drawing triangles. The center is dominated by Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates. Located in the Vatican Palace, FTP, name this 1511 fresco by Raphael.
Answer: The School of Athens
His cartoon for the "Battle of Cascina" was considered a marvel of the age, while his "Holy Family" is considered one of his best paintings. Better known as a sculptor, he got his start under Ghirlandajo, soon producing "The Rape of Deianira" and "The Battle of the Lapiths and Centaurs". While working on tombs for the Medicis he created his famous reclining figures of "Day", "Night", "Dawn", and "Dusk", but his work on the tomb of Julius II was never completed, despite the creation of the colossal "Moses". FTP, who was this artist perhaps best known for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?
Answer: Michelangelo (Buonarotti)
A barely-visible clock in the top left indicates the time of the scene as 7 o'clock. In the bottom right is a teapot on a stand, while another is seen in the hand of the woman on the right, who is pouring drinks. One woman has her back to the viewer, while a lamp hung from the ceiling illuminates the faces of the other four people, two of which are reaching for food with their utensils, while the third holds up one of the titular vegetables. FTP, what is this early masterpiece depicting peasants at dinner by Van Gogh?
Answer: The Potato Eaters
Originally erected above a pool, it is now placed at the top of the main staircase of the Louvre, appropriate, as it was intended to be viewed obliquely and from below. Known for the intricate depiction of the drapes billowing in the wind, it depicts a figure alighting on the prow of a ship, still partly airborne due to a powerful head-wind. Created around 200 BCE, FTP, what is this great monument rediscovered in 1863 on the island of Samothrace?
Answer: Winged Victory of Samothrace or Winged Nike of Samothrace (accept variations)
He painted his mistress, Madeleine Knobloch, in "Woman Powdering Herself", just before his death by meningitis at age 31. In "Les Chahut" he displayed his theories that certain types of lines could invoke specific emotions, but he is better-known for a technique first expressed in his first major painting, "Bathers, Asnieres", and whose popular name was coined by Felix Feneon, despite the artist's own preference for the term "divisionism". FTP, who was this French painter, who in his masterpiece "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte" utilized the technique of "pointillism"?
Answer: George Seurat
In the bottom right of this painting is an open book on a stand, while another book is seen in the hands of the man in the top center, above and to the left of which is a signature dating the work to 1632. In all, seven men are seen in the top left watching a man using a metal instrument on the arm of the cadaver before him. FTP, what is this great group portrait by Rembrandt?
Answer: The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. (Nicolaes) Tulp
Early works like the recently discovered Dormition of the Virgin show the influence of Byzantine icon painting. Kicked out of Titian's workshop in less than 10 days because he was too talented for Titian's comfort, he excelled as a portraitist, as seen in his painting Felix Paravicino. Known for a characteristic style representing figures as elongated, flame-like forms utilizing eerie bluish colors, he created a series of famed altarpieces, including El Espolio and The Burial of Count Orgaz. FTP, who was this artist who painted his adopted home in View of Toledo, known by a name indicating his Cretan origins.
Answer: El Greco or Domenikos Theotocopoulos Cretan
This school's second generation of artists included such figures as Worthington Whittredge, Fitz Hugh Lane, and Sanford Gifford, who pioneered the movement known as Luminism. Its first generation of artists included Thomas Doughty, Jasper Cropsey, and John Casilear. This movement was discovered by John Trumball and art critic William Dunlap, who critiqued such works as Cotopaxi, Niagara, and Rocky Mountain-Lender's Peak. Consisting of such artists as Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Church, and Thomas Cole, FTP, identify this art movement based on American landscapes and named for a waterway.
Answer: Hudson River School
Alexandre Dumas wrote that this painting's creator worked out of sentimentality rather than any sense of patriotism. Towards the right of the canvas a city can be seen in the foggy background. The soldier on the left wears his hat askew and bears a sabre, while the boy on the far right charges forward bearing two pistols. The man in the top hat with the musket is supposedly the artist himself and stands to the left of the central figure, who stands bare-breasted and holds a musket in one hand and the French tri-color in the other. FTP, identify this 1830 painting, the most famous work of Eugene Delacroix.
Answer: Liberty Leading the People or La Libert� guidant le peuple
The ornate chandelier at the top of the painting holds a single lit candle, while several pieces of fruit can be seen by the window on the left. A red pair of shoes on the floor in the back contrasts with the pair of wooden clogs in the lower left. The figure on the right has her green dress gathered up in one hand, while a little dog, possibly representing fidelity, stands in the middle at the participants' feet. Perhaps best known for the concave mirror in the background that reflects two witnesses, including the artist, FTP, identify this Jan van Eyck painting depicting the marriage vows of a certain couple.
Answer: The Arnolfini Wedding (accept alternatives, such as The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami or The Betrothal of the Arnolfini
His relief "The Feast of Herod" graces the front of the baptismal font in the Siena Cathedral. He embedded pieces of colored glass in marble to create his unique Canteria, or "Singing Gallery," for the Florence Cathedral. According to Vasari, he could be observed repeatedly muttering, "Speak, damn you; speak!" while creating his sculpture of the prophet Habbakuk whose bald head has led it to be nicknamed the Zuccone. FTP, who was this great Early Renaissance sculptor who created the equestrian statue Gattemalata and the bronze David?
Answer: Donatello (or Donato di Niccolo)
Currently on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, this 1928 painting was part of Alfred Stieglitz's personal collection before his death. In its upper-right quadrant the name "Carlo" can be seen, seemingly spelled out in lights. The name "Bill" appears in all caps at the top left, partly cut off by the edge. The background of geometric grays and silvers is dominated by a red field and three gold numerals. This describes, FTP, what work based on a William Carlos Williams poem by Charles Demuth?
Answer: I Saw the Figure Five in Gold
A red barn can be seen in the back right of this painting, while the main building's attic features a pointed arch window that provides part of the basis for its title. One figure is seen staring at something to the viewer's right, and is based on the artist's sister Nan. Byron McKeeby, the artist's dentist, modeled for the other figure, who is given symbolic significance by holding a pitchfork in his right hand. FTP, what is this classic of American Regionalism, painted by Grant Wood?
Answer: American Gothic
This artist's early paintings often concerned Classical themes, as in Young Spartans, but his work soon developed an undercurrent of violence, seen in Interior, which is sometimes called The Rape. His exploration of unusual artistic subjects resulted in The Cotton Exchange in New Orleans and The Absinthe Drinker, while the only sculpture exhibited during his lifetime, Little Fourteen-year-old Dancer, was an example of his most famous subject. FTP, who was this French painter of The Rehearsal and The Dance Class?
Answer: Edgar Degas
The background of this painting is a vast landscape in which two men can be seen walking away from the viewer up a road on the left. Various remains from antiquity can be seen littered about a green and white floor in the foreground, which is dominated by a stone column featuring the artist's signature in Greek. The title figure is standing on a block of stone with his feet tied to the column, dying from the numerous arrows piercing him. FTP, what is this painting by Andrea Mantegna?
Answer: St. Sebastian
Willy Lott is the owner of the building shown in this painting, in which a figure makes his way through thick hedges along the river at right, below which a boat is concealed. Four figures are plying their trade in a meadow across the river Stour opposite a cottage behind Flatford Mill, in front of which a small dog watches the main action. FTP, what is this famous painting depicting two men attempting to guide a large ox-drawn cart through the water, the masterpiece of John Constable?
Answer: The Hay Wain
Early in his career, this artist executed a series of powerful engravings, notably The Frugal Repast, while his contributions to the realm of sculpture included Head of a Bull, Metamorphosis, made using the seat and handlebars of a bicycle. Images like the Dying Horse, the Weeping Woman, and the Minotaur predominate in his late work, which includes The Charnel House, while his early efforts, like La Vie, The Family of Saltimbanques, and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, are often divided into periods like the "Rose" and "Blue" Periods. FTP, who was this Spanish painter probably best known for Guernica?
Answer: Pablo Picasso
In the bottom right of this painting can be seen a young girl dressed in red with her left foot on a dog lying on the floor. On the back wall, the king and queen are reflected in a mirror next to an open doorway, in which a man in black is seen peering at the main scene. To the left, the artist is looking at the viewer while working on the huge canvas before him, while the front center is dominated by the Princess Margarita and her attendants. FTP, what is this 1656 painting, one of the masterpieces of Diego Velazquez?
Answer: Las Meninas or The Maids of Honor
This artist's early period is marked by works like Self-Portrait with Felt Hat, Still Life With Shoes, and Portrait of Pere Tanguy. Late works like Wheat Field With Crows and Village Street in Auvers were created while he lived in Auvers-sur-Oise to be near one of his subjects, Dr. Gachet. Red Vineyard at Arles was the only work sold during his lifetime, but today he is known for works like The Night Cafe, The Potato Eaters, and Starry Night. FTP, who was this artist of Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear?
Answer: Vincent van Gogh
This painting is displayed in the main hall at the Huntington Gallery across from Thomas Lawrence's portrait of Sarah Barrett Moulton so as to contrast and highlight its most prominent feature. Completed in 1770, its subject wears clothes from the previous century in homage to the paintings of Van Dyck. Standing out against a brown and green landscape, the subject looks out confidently at the viewer with his left arm akimbo and his right hand holding a feathered hat. Depicting the son of a hardware merchant named * Jonathan Buttall, FTP, what is this portrait by Gainsborough named for the color of the boy's costume?
Answer: The Blue Boy (accept Portrait of Jonathon Buttall before *)
Etienne Falconet is often cited as the quintessential sculptor of this art movement whose early masters included Audran and Berain. Its name was apparently coined by a student of David as a term of derision. It was practiced in Italy by Guardi, Longhi, and Tiepolo, but enjoyed its greatest vogue in France, where Boucher, Watteau, and Fragonard created works typified by grace, playfulness, and intimacy. FTP, what is this 18th century art movement whose name is a combination of the terms rocaille and barocco?
His late interest in photography can be seen in works with Durieu like Draped Model and in his own portrait done by Nadar. Late works like The Hunt show the Romantic spirit he exemplified his whole artistic life, as seen in his painting of Paganini, the Death of Sardanapalus, and The Massacre at Chios FTP, name this French artist, most famous for Liberty Leading the People.
Answer: Eugene Delacroix
A prior painting of the same subject includes two lovers in the foreground and a reflection of city lights on the Rh�ne River. The buildings in the foreground are created with straight strokes, with a church spire just breaking the sky. Venus is created with spiraling strokes, and located slightly left of the center, which some say resembles a yin-yang. To the left of them, cypress trees extend to the heavens. FTP, name this nocturnal portrait of the village of Saint-Remy by Vincent Van Gogh.
Answer: The Starry Night
Among his early drawings, he shows a fascination with the necks of old people. His Madonna Litta is the only painting of his in Russia, while his portrait of Ginevra de' Benci is the only painting of his in America. Most of his paintings date from the fifteen years after he left the workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio to settle in Milan. The lone exception is his Madonna of the Rocks. FTP, name this painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, and engineer perhaps best known for his Last Supper and portrait of Mona Lisa.
Answer: Leonardo da Vinci (accept either name)
The subject of this painting was painted twice more, by Gustave Courti and Antonio de la Gandara, seven and fourteen years later, respectively. In the original, the light source is from the right, accentuating a little jewel in the subject's red hair and the shoulder straps on her dress. She stands next to a table with a fan in her left hand, wearing a low cut black dress showing her pale skin. Perhaps to shield the subject from the foreseen controversy, the artist withheld her real name, Gautreau, from the painting's title. FTP who is this woman, subject of an 1884 portrait by John Singer Sargent?
Answer: Madame X
This painting inspired 27 oil paintings and over 100 drawings by Picasso, and an unfinished painting by Monet, set in the forest of Fontainebleau. It was itself indebted to Raimondi's engraving of Raphael's The Judgement of Paris, Courbet's Young Ladies on the Banks of the Seine, and the Concert Champetre of Giorgione and/or Titian. A young woman stands in the stream in the rear, and the figure modeled by Victorine Meurent sits at the left, on her discarded blue dress. Two dressed men and a nude woman appear in, FTP, what picnic scene by Edouard Manet?
Answer: The Luncheon on the Grass or Le D�jeuner sur l'Herbe (prompt on "The Bath" or "Le Bain," the original title)
The depiction of the main figure in this painting is based on the same figure's depiction in Giotto's Rising of Drusiana scene in the Peruzzi chapel, even down to the identical dress. The theme of the work is taken from Matthew 17:24-26 and was intended to be "read" by starting in the middle, which showed how to satisfy the request, then to the left, where a fish is caught with a coin in its mouth, finally to the right, where a tax collector is paid. FTP, name this painting in the Brancacci Chapel of the Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence, a masterwork by Masaccio.
Answer: Tribute Money (accept reasonable equivalents)
In commissioning a portrait of himself on the imperial throne Napoleon instructed Jean Ingres to make him reminiscent of God in this artwork, which the emperor had plundered and moved to the Louvre. At the very bottom we learn that the work was completed for Jodicus Vyd, but more noticeable are the depictions of Adam and Eve at either end, particularly Eve's almost pregnant belly. Even more famous is the Adoration of the Lamb portion at the bottom. Begun by the artist's brother Hubert and completed in 1432, FTP, name this large altarpiece painted by Jan van Eyck.
Answer: Ghent altarpiece (need to say "altarpiece" until it's mentioned)
The interplay of separately lit spaces, in the foreground versus the background, was anticipated by the artist's earlier painting The Tapestry Weavers. The pairing of the nun and man-servant on the right of the canvas parallels the shadowy and silvery depiction of the royal couple in the center. Two large Ruben-like paintings hang above the scene as a young boy threatens to kick a contented looking dog and a painter tries to work in his studio. But the most enigmatic parts of the painting are the man in the open doorway in the background and the dwarf whose pose echoes that of the Infanta. FTP, identify this 1656 depiction of "The Maids of Honor" by Velazquez.
Answer: Las Meninas (accept early buzz of Maids of Honor)
An oddity in this painting is a scene in the background at the far right, featuring a toga-clad man unrolling a parchment and standing in front of a large unfinished pillar. The central scene is set against a backdrop of a red curtain, where the title character, clad in flowing brown and blue robes, sits and rests her feet on pillows while a quintet of androgynous youths stare over her shoulder in awe of the unnaturally shaped child that lays in her lap. FTP, name this Mannerist work painted by Parmigianino and named for an extended feature of Mary's anatomy.
Answer: Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna dal Collo Lungo
Surviving studies for the work show that two men, a student and a seated sailor, were originally meant to have been included in this painting. A thin strip of shades of brown appears on the left, but more disconcerting is the wedge of melon, bunch of grapes, and other pieces of fruit that are out of place at the bottom center. The final word in its title refers, surprisingly, to a red-light district in Barcelona whose prostitutes inspired this 1907 work. Often considered the earliest Cubist work, FTP, name this depiction of five female nudes and first masterpiece of Pablo Picasso.
Answer: Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
Its tile floor borrows its design from the mosaic floor of Westminster Abbey. Sometimes seen as an allusion to Plutarch's Parallel Lives, which had recently been translated by one of its subjects, it includes Peter Apian's book on accounting as one of the representatives of the quadrivium on display. This is on one of the shelves in the back, which also hold a sundial and a globe. Just below Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve is a distorted skull that appears normally if viewed from below. FTP, name this portrait by Hans Holbein depicting two representatives of Francis I in London.
Answer: The (French) Ambassadors
He studied under French painters Carle Vernet and Pierre Guerin before traveling to Italy to further his career. His earliest major work, The Charging Chasseur, as well as Wounded Cuirassier and Race of the Riderless Horse, convey one of the chief interests of this avid horseman. He was a frequent patient at numerous asylums and mental hospitals, which served as the inspirations for paintings like A Mad Woman with a Mania of Envy. FTP, name this 19th-century French Romantic painter who depicted a recent national tragedy by showing the dying survivors of a shipwreck in his The Raft of the Medusa.
Answer: Theodore Gericault
Just to the right of center in this painting rises the tower of the Nieuwe [NOY-va] Kerk, a large church. In the foreground two women speak, and a group of five citizens exit a barge, while clouds loom overhead. While there is no documentary evidence to suggest the artist used a camera obscura, the slightly unfocused edges of boats and buildings in this cityscape indicate he may have. FTP, name this painting of a Dutch city, the hometown of its artist Jan Vermeer.
Answer: View of Delft
The background is painted in muted yellows and greens, and a crucifix pokes into the sky on the left side of the canvas. A dog is just right of center; his body faces the titular action though his head turns away. Two clergy are noticeable for their red vestments, while the majority of the people wear black and a couple women cover their faces with handkerchiefs. Set in the titular village, which was the artist's hometown, FTP, name this depiction of a peasant's internment by Gustave Courbet.
Answer: Burial at Ornans or L'enterrement � Ornans
This painting is based on a legend that dates back to the real life title event, which occurred in 1323, though those portrayed are depicted in the dress of the artist's time. Compositionally, it is divided into two sections, a more Venetian-based bottom half and a clearer Mannerist upper section drawn from the time after its artist left Venice. A series of men in black, with white lace at their necks stand behind the titular figure at the bottom, but perhaps more startling amidst the swirling figures at the top are Saints Stephen and Augustine. FTP, name this 1586 painting that depicts the interment of a noble, a masterpiece by El Greco.
Answer: The Burial of Count Orgaz
Among the scenes of his later career are superstitious ones like Spirit of the Dead Watching. With Emile Bernard he proposed a synthetist theory of art emphasizing the use of flat planes and bright, non-naturalistic color in conjunction with symbolic or primitive objects, and he would stress this theory in the Pont-Aven school that he led. Among his major works are the late masterpiece Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? and the earlier The Yellow Christ. FTP, name this one-time French stockbroker, who left his family and retired to paint in Tahiti.
Answer: Paul Gauguin
Each of the leaves on the right side of this painting has a gold spine and outline and the tree trunks are highlighted with short diagonal lines of gold. The scene is meant to be set off of Paphos in Cyprus, explaining the orange grove on the right. Rose blossoms with golden hearts float in the air on the left, while one of the Horae holds a robe up for the titular figure on the right. Zephyrus and Chloris are aloft at the left and blow that figure toward the shore. FTP, identify this depiction of a Roman goddess emerging from a scallop shell, a masterwork of Sandro Botticelli.
Answer: The Birth of Venus
Very few people notice the rust colored butterfly that flits above a dark colored dog of indistinguishable breed in this painting. The only person directly facing the viewer is a young girl in a white sundress and hat. She holds the hand of her mother, who is dressed and equipped like all the women in this painting. It's hard to find all seven parasols that appear, but much easier to see the lone monkey and even easier to see the river Seine on the entire top left of the painting. FTP, name this canvas depicted a popular Parisian picnic spot, the pointillist masterpiece of Georges Seraut.
Answer: A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte (accept Isle of Grand Jatte or Island of Grande Jatte)
The largest factory producing crafts in the style of this period was at Meissen, near Dresden. In Germany its leading sculptor was Ignaz Gunther, while in France Etienne-Maurice Falconet was celebrated for his porcelain sculptures produced at Sevres. In Catholic Germany, the churches of Neumann and Dominikus Zimmerman exemplify this style, while in Italy its influence was confined primarily to Venice. Its primary Venetian proponent was the painter of The Apotheosis of the Spanish Republic and Tarquin and Lucretia, Giambattista Tiepolo, but it was most prominent in France, whose painters of this style included Francois Boucher, Antoine Watteau, and the artist of The Swing. FTP name this period of art that directly followed the Baroque, known for its overly ornate style as exemplified by Jean-Honore Fragonard.
Renoir referred to it as a "big gendarme", despite a popularity campaign spearheaded by the French government. Discovered by a peasant named Yorgos and sold for 1,000 francs to the Marquis de Rivi�re, the island on which it is found has the name of the Greek word for "apple," which lends credence to the theory that this figure was holding the golden apple awarded to her by Paris. However, that apple, along with the plinth, is now lost. FTP, name this sculpture, originally thought to be by Praxiteles but now attributed to Alexandros of Antioch, which is most famous for her conspicuous lack of arms.
Answer: Venus de Milo
Jonathan Harr's new novel The Lost Painting describes the search for this man's The Taking of Christ. This man won early success with mythological portraits such as his Bacchus, whom he depicts in a toga holding a black ribbon, and a portrait of Cupid standing over a heap of musical instruments with his arrows in his right hand. It did not take long, however, for him to start painting hagiographical portraits, such as The Incredulity of St. Thomas and a large depiction of the beheading of St. John that now resides in a church on Malta, where he lived toward the end of his life. He is more famous for works like his Supper at Emmaus and a depiction of St. Paul having fallen from his horse. FTP, name this Italian painter, who was born Michelangelo Merisi and who is best known for his Calling of St. Matthew.
Answer: Caravaggio (accept Michelangelo Merisi before it is read)
The artist of this work had doctors provide him with used parts of cadavers, on which he based a number of preparatory sketches known as his Severed Heads and Dissected Limbs. On the left sits a bearded man with curly, silver hair hunched over in pensive despair, his arm over a dead body clothed only in shoes. On the right is another body wrapped in cloth whose head disappears below the boundary of the painting. The center is dominated by a number of figures looking and reaching upward, culminating in a black man holding a red and white signal flag. FTP name this painting depicting the aftermath of the wreck of a ship carrying Algerian immigrants, a work of Theodore G�ricault.
Answer: The Raft of the Medusa
Antonio Buero Vallejo wrote a play about this painting that shares its title. The most important commentaries on are those of Sir Kenneth Clark and Michel Foucault, whose take on it can be found in his book The Order of Things. The ceiling of the room in which it is set has two mounts for chandeliers that do not appear in the painting. In the rear are two large but unintelligible paintings above a mirror in which two people can be seen. In the right front corner stand two dwarves and a dog, while on the left stands the artist himself with a red cross on his chest, in the act of painting. In the foreground is the Infanta, surrounded by the titular servants. FTP, name this painting of the Spanish court by Diego Vel�zquez.
Answer: Las Meninas or The Ladies in Waiting or La Familia de Felipe IV or The Family of Philip IV
Ted Rose did a watercolor "Revisited" version of this work into which he inserts an incredulous officer of the law with his white dog. In the upper left-hand corner of this painting one can see that the windows have their blinds halfway down, and the shops below are bare. Two large percolators sit on a counter toward the back next to a door with a window but no knob. The clothes of the people inside the all-night diner bring to mind the 1930s and early 40s, as well as the lettering which reveals the name of the "lunch-counter" as being Phillies. FTP, name this painting by Edward Hopper.
He aroused controversy by depicting a chamber pot and a pair of slippers in a painting which shows a woman with her legs crossed removing a red sock, The Toilet. An old woman offers Joseph a bowl of eggs in his Adoration of the Shepherds, while an ugly child holding a statuette and a pail looks at her grandmother in his The Feast of Saint Nicholas. A lute hangs behind the bed on which the title character's head rests while a doctor takes her pulse in his The Sick Lady, while the artist included a self-portrait as a man playing the bagpipes in a 1668 work, The Merry Family.
Answer: Jan Steen
The latest novel by Gioia Diliberto is a fictional memoir of this painting's subject. A flash of gold above the central character's head represents a tiara, the only jewelry the central character wears as she leans against a table. Two ornate silver stars mark the spots on her dress where the silver straps that come up her shoulders attach. Her only visible ear is bright pink, which contrasts with the stark paleness of her body and the redness of her hair. FTP name this monumental portrait of Virginie Gautreau by John Singer Sargent.
Answer: Madame X
One of them simply depicts a plain coastal landscape on which two men are fighting with sticks. Ethereal figures sit behind several real women and a laurel-wreathed horned animal standing on its hind legs in The Witches' Sabbath, and other subjects include a drowning dog, old people eating, and Judith and Holofernes. Created in the "Quinta del sordo" or "Country-house of the Deaf-Man," this series that also depicts Saturn Devouring His Children reflects similar themes to the earlier Caprichios and Disasters of War. FTP, name this series of somber Goya paintings named for a traditionally depressing color.
Answer: Black Paintings
This man's woodcuts include a procession of ten blocks known as The Triumph of Christ and the enormous Crossing of the Red Sea, and his woodcut of St. Jerome is one of the first examples of chiaroscuro. He was commissioned by Mary, Queen of Hungary, to paint a series of four mythological portraits known as the Furias which resembled his earlier ceiling frescoes for the Santo Spirito in his hometown. One of his first commissions was for the two altarpieces of St. Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, one of which is known as the Pesaro Madonna. While in Ferrara he painted mythological works such as Bacchas and Ariadne, while he later traveled to Urbino and did a portrait of a reclining nude. Perhaps best known for a painting done in honor of a 1514 wedding, FTP name this Venetian painter of Venus of Urbino and Sacred and Profane Love
Answer: Titian or Tiziano Vecellio (accept either)
In the background of this painting one can see the cart that made the two apparent ruts on the right, which is lying abandoned on its side. The most prominent house in this work was built in Cushing overlooking the Georges river by the Hathorne family, which later became the Olson family. The painter left the horizon devoid of pine trees and changed the slope of the hill, on which a woman in a pink dress can be seen crawling through the grass. FTP, name this 1948 work painted by Andrew Wyeth.
Answer: Christina's World
Along with Zelotti, he was commissioned to decorate some ceilings in the Consiglio dei Dieci, which resulted in a painting in which a goddess drops coins and crowns on a seated woman. That allegory, Juno Presenting Gifts to Venice, was created in the 1550s, a decade in which this man began work on the Church of San Sebastiano. He painted a naked woman holding her own right breast with her left arm aronud a bearded god in Mars and Venus United by Love, while he went to the Gospels for inspiration in such works as The Feast in the House of Levi. FTP, name this Italian painter of Marriage at Cana, who was born Paolo Caliari but took a name referring to his hometown.
Answer: Paolo Veronese
In an 1891 painting in which this man depicted his wife sitting in "the conservatory," she wears a black dress and has her hands folded in her lap. In another painting of the early 1890s, this man depicted a table on which are placed a white teapot, a jug, several pears and a plate of five peaches. More famously, this man produced a series of paintings of a large, squat mountain which he could see from the windows of his studio. As a young man in Provence, he befriended the writer Emile Zola, who wrote about this man in his novel The Masterpiece. FTP, name this French artist who created many depictions of still-lifes, Mont Sainte-Victoire, and the painting The Card Players.
Answer: Paul C�zanne
He loved to work with wood, as seen in woodcuts like Be in Love and You Will Be Happy and a wooden sculpture of the Birth of Venus, while his Still Life with Ham represents his flirtation with Divisionism. During his time in Le Pouldo he worked with the Dutch painter Jacob Meyer de Haan, after which he went to Paris, where he produced controversial canvases such as The Loss of Virginity. It was earlier, though, while staying with Emile Bernard at Pont-Aven, that he produced one of his better known works, a painting of a contest between god and man set in front of a blood red background, and The Yellow Christ while at Arles with Vincent van Gogh. FTP name this painter of Vision After the Sermon: Jacob Wrestling the Angel, who later in life went to Tahiti.
Answer: Paul Gauguin
It was used in wall paintings in ancient Egypt and Babylonia, and during the Mycenaean period in Greece, where a little vinegar was probably added. One must first fill all the cracks and crevices in the panel with a mixture of size, glue or sawdust. The panel is then covered with cloth and the surface is coated with heavy gesso. The painter had to work with great rapidity and sureness, because correcting errors was nearly impossible and it dried very quickly. FTP, name this oldest method of painting, which usually used egg yolk and was practiced by such painters as Giotto and Cimabue.
The artist was comfortable with the nudity in this work, though drapery has been strategically painted in over the years. The figures get progressively larger from the bottom up to the main focus, and then smaller again at the top where angels hold a column on the right and a cross on the left. In the lower right, figures cross the River Sytx near the depiction of Hell-mouth. Famous for its portrayal of the artist's critic Pietro Aretino as St. Bartholomew and the artist himself as dangling skin, FTP name this Michelangelo work in the Sistine Chapel that shows Christ raising figures from their graves for the titular event.
Answer: The Last Judgment
One piece of artwork with this name includes two figures blowing into seashell horns. Another piece of artwork with this name includes five puttos flying above the title figure, who has her hand on her forehead. The most famous piece of artwork with this title features spines of leaves and lines in tree trunks accented with gold, and a top-left section which features rose blossoms with a gold center falling around two interwind characters, Zephyrus and Chloris. The works by Bouguereau and Cabanel are not nearly as famous as one by an Italian, who painted a figure on the right holding a robe for the female title character, who is emerging from the water on a shell. FTP, name this common painting title, the most famous of which was created by Botticelli.
Answer: The Birth of Venus
In this work, the title figure has her hand on her breast, and her right foot rests on two pillows. In the right background of this painting near the lush pink drapery , there is a miniature man unfolding a scroll in front of an unfinished line of columns without capitals. In the left foreground, angelic figures watch the titular figure seated on a very luxurious chair with green and red pillows at her feet. The title figures elongated fingers hold back her shawl, and her eyes focus on the very alien-looking child in her lap. FTP, name this Mannerist painting by Parmigianino, whose titular figure has an extended feature.
Answer: Madonna with the Long Neck (or Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna del Cullo Longo)
In this painting, a tree outside is obscured from the viewer by a column. The artist of this work originally refused to paint it, until Pietro Aretino suggested depicting a prostitutute's body. In the back right of this painting, two servants are looking for something in a chest. On the figure's bed, a dog rests. The main figure is reclined fully nude on the bed, with her left hand covering her crotch and her left holding some flowers as she stares directly at the viewer. FTP, name this 1538 Titian work that depicts the title goddess in a Renaissance-era palace.
Answer: Venus of Urbino
His early works included self portraits such as The Wounded Man, The Cellist, and The Man with a Pipe. His works concerning dormancy include The Sleeping Spinner and an erotic work featuring two females entitled The Sleepers. One of his best-known works, which depicts a young and old man performing the titular backbreaking action, was destroyed during the bombing of Dresden, and another depicts the internment of a peasant in the presence of two clergy wearing red. FTP, name this French painter of The Stone-breaker and The Burial at Organs.
Answer: Gustav Courbet
He painted a portrait of Th�odore Duret holding a top hat in his right hand, and in another of his works, painted a woman, with her head turned to the right, wearing a pinkish-purple dress, a work entitled Mother of Pearl and Silver. He explained his thoughts on art in Ten O'Clock Lecture, and another of his works shows a young girl in a white dress leaning on the titular instrument being played by an elderly woman in black, a painting entitled At the Piano. Joanna Hiffernan was the model in his painting The White Girl, which shows his concern with the beautiful arrangement of colors. He became bankrupt after suing art critic John Ruskin for criticism of his work Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket. His best-known work was sneezed on by the fictional character Mr. Bean and is entitled Arrangement in Grey and Black. FTP, name this American artist most famous for a painting of his mother.
Answer: James Whistler
This artist once completed a series with gouache and uncolored paper while bedridden, and those images are presented in a book interspersed with handwritten text. That series features many images related to the circus or to the theater, including The Sword Swallower, Cirque, The Clown, and Pierrot's Funeral. The most iconic image this artist created for that series shows a black, stylized man against a deep blue sky with geometric yellow stars, entitled Icarus. Along with the 1947 series Jazz, this French artist painted a colorful canvas with a woman herding goats with a flute, many nude people lying down, and a scene that would be recreated in The Danse. FTP, name this French artist of The Joy of Life, the leader of the Fauves.
Answer: Henri Matisse
The wife of the artist, Suzanne Leenhoff, modelled for this painting, as did Victorine Meurent. Originally entitled The Bath, it was showcased in the 1863 Salon of the Refused. This painting includes a round loaf of bread, a basket of fruit, and clothing of a woman.in the lower right. The clothing belongs to the naked woman who looks at the viewer and sits near two dressed men. FTP, name this Edouard Manet painting depicting a picnic.
Answer: The Luncheon on the Grass (also accept D�jeuner sur l'herbe)
One version of it features marble panels that are uniform and calm except for one, which reflects the turmoil in the figure sitting below that panel. In another version, light shines through a circular window, while an empty bread plate rests prominently on the floor. Still another version has the table set at an angle to the plane of the picture with many of the figures surrounded by halos, but unlike other versions, servants, dogs, and cats are also included. FTP, name this subject of paintings by Castagno and Tintoretto and a woodcut by Durer, whose most famous version features lunettes with the Sforza coat-of-arms above the main painting of Jesus Christ and his twelve apostles, a work by Leonardo da Vinci.
Answer: The Last Supper
The slave girl "Pink" is depicted crouching in front of the main figure in this man's Henry Ward Beecher, and he designed the angelic choir in the St Savior Chapel and the statuary of the St Columba Chapel in New York's Church of St. John the Divine. His Mares of Diomedes was the first American sculpture to be placed in the Metropolitan Museum, but he is best known for his works of Americana such as his Sheridan statue in Chicago and the Abraham Lincoln statue in the Capitol rotunda. Best known for a work which he fought over with a local businessman, John Boland, and which was eventually finished by his son, Lincoln, FTP, name this American sculptor of Danish ancestry who designed the original Stone Mountain and the faces of four American presidents on Mt. Rushmore.
Answer: (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
A three dimensional sculpted version of this painting was recently completed by Mikhail Dronov and Alexander Taratynov in honor of the artist's 400th birthday. A man in the back waves a gold and blue striped flag, while the left foreground features a dwarf next to a man in a bright red outfit loading a gun. Behind him and to his left stands a brightly clad young girl wearing the symbols of the Arquebusiers, and a shield with 18 of their names on it sits above the gate in the background. The most notable features of this painting include a foreshortened gun in the left hand of Willem van Ruytenburch and the foreshortened left arm of the painting's commissioner. Misnamed because of many coats of dark varnish, FTP name this painting of the Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq, the most famous work of Rembrandt.
Answer: The Night Watch [accept "Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and Lietuenant Willem van Ruytenburch" before it's read]
He was influenced by the Utrecht School and Carel Fabritius, of whose works he owned several and under whom he may also have studied. Among his less famous works are Woman with a Balance, whose wide interpretations include the soul's peril before worldly temptation, female virtue or grace, or the divine truth of revealed religion, while he is also known for several paintings featuring women reading letters such as Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window, and for his allegory The Art of Painting sometimes known as The Artist in His Studio. Only recently firmly believed to be the actual painter of one of the works best associated with him, FTP name this artist of Girl with a Pearl Earring.
Answer: Jan Vermeer
Along with Rembrandt's Sea of Galilee, this painting is critiqued in Eric Avery's Haitian Interdiction print. This work's artist never visited the site depicted and gleaned most of the details from the engravings of Peter Canot, including its depiction of Morro Castle at the upper right. The title character, a future Lord Mayor of London, lies below two men in white shirts who reach out toward him. Modern theorists make much of the impassive stance of the African-American man in the center of this work, who limply holds a rope, while his white companion furiously thrusts a spear at one of the denizens of Havana harbor. FTP, identify this painting featuring a boat's crew attempting to rescue the title figure from a bloodthirsty animal, the most famous work of John Singleton Copley.
Answer: Watson and the Shark
Gernit Rietveld's red/blue armchair and Schroder House are some of the most noted designs of this movement. However, the controversial introduction of the diagonal in a certain member's work alienated the movement's best known artist, who afterwards stopped contributing to the journal in which he had argued for "equilibration" between opposites realized through the interplay of positive and negative space and asymmetrical balance of rectilinear elements, which he referred to as Neoplasticism. Founded by Theo van Doesburg , this FTP, what modern art movements characterized by bold black lines and blocks of primary color, most commonly associated with Piet Mondrian.
Answer: De Stijl (prompt on Neoplasticism)
His earliest works included landscapes such as Going West, produced during his tutelage under Albert Pinkham Ryder, and later works such as Frogman echoed the exploration of Jungian archetypes that influenced earlier works like Guardians of the Secret. This early work was also influenced by Orozco and Rivera. After Mural, a work that included elements of Thomas Hart Benton's techniques, he turned in the late 1940s to Galaxy and Eyes in the Heat, early examples of his "poured" painting technique. Art historians have argued that his work led to the viewer's association not with the subject but with the artist. Full Fathom Five is one of the best-known works of, FTP, this founder of the school of abstract expressionism.
Answer: Jackson Pollock
On the bottom left of this painting a black-haired man holds his hands up in fright while turned away from the scene in the center. Two shadowy figures watch the title character from a large threshold on the right, while a man on the left looks down at a piece of paper on which he is writing. A man with large sideburns works to the right of the painting's central focus while on the left the grey-haired title character stands in a black waistcoat holding a scalpel. FTP name this painting in which medical students view a surgical demonstration by the titular Philadelphia doctor, a work of Thomas Eakins.
Answer: "The Gross Clinic"
In reproductions of this work, the image of a woman screaming towards the sky is often excluded. In 1974, this painting was defaced with red spray paint and the words KILL LIES ALL. Commissioned for the 1937 World's Fair in Paris, this black and white work depicts a man trying to steal a baby from its mother, Lady Liberty carrying the lamp of democracy, a flower growing from a shattered vase, and a horse drowning in chaos. FTP, name anti-war Pablo Picasso painting named for a bombed Basque city.
This person depicts a wide-eyed, peasant-topped girl under a cloudy sky with left shoulder exposed, crosses to her left and tombstones to her right, in Orphan Girl at the Cemetery. A depiction of Louis IX on a white horse appears at center-left in this artist's unfinished The Battle of Tailleburg, while a chicken, hare, and lizard appear on the beach along with the titular crustacean in Still Life with Lobsters. Though later works like The Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople hardly reflect the fact, this artist began as a neoclassicist as can be seen in the The Barque of Dante. FTP, name this painter of Women of Algiers in Their Apartments, The Massacre at Chios, The Death of Sardanapalus, and Liberty Leading the People; one of the foremost French romantics.
Answer: Ferdinand-Eug�ne-Victor Delacroix
One of his paintings shows a woman holding a withering pink flower next to a small dog. Another shows a boy in red standing between two funny looking chubby adults in the Palace of Aranjuez. He married the sister of Francisco Bayeu, who secured him the commission to decorate Church of the Virgin in Zaragoza. Influenced by Tiepolo, his Marquesa de Pontejos is in the style of Gainsborough. Deaf for much of his career, he made prints like Los Caprichos, and followed Velazquez's model in caricaturing The Family of Charles IV. Most famous for depicting a man in white executed by a firing squad, FTP, name this Spanish painter of Saturn Devouring his Children and The Third of May, 1808.
Answer: Francisco de Goya
His self portaits include one "between clock and bed" and another as "the wanderer." A girl stands in front of a boat in his The Voice, and the title figure is naked and convulsing in his Madonna; those works join with his Ashes, Jealousy, and Melancholy in a large series consisting of most of his thematic works. He depicted the death of his sister from tuberculosis in The Sick Child, while the reactions of family members to a similar event are the subject of his Death in the Sick Room. He considered most of his paintings to be a part of his series The Frieze of Life, including a work inspired during a walk along the Ljabrochauss�en, which shows the influence of Krakatoa in the red sky above the bald and elongated central figure who is clasping his head in anguish. FTP, name this Norwegian painter of The Scream.
Answer: Edvard Munch
This artist penned the influential text An Analysis of Beauty, which includes his argument for the perfect ogee-curve. One of his self-portraits includes his dog Trump, and his other works include Good Samaritan and The Fool of Bethesda. In his time, he was a sought-after portrait painter, producing notable portraits of Capt. Thomas Coram and David Garrick. He created sets which included characters such as Moll Hackabout and Dr. Misaubin, and some of his most famous pieces are Beer Street and Gin Lane. FTP, name this British artist best known for the series A Harlot's Progress and A Rake's Progress?
Answer: William Hogarth
This 1948 painting is set in Cushing, Maine, where the artist spent his summers. Near the top right of this painting, two ruts are in the ground, formed by an abandoned cart. Located at the Museum of Modern Art, this work depicts a woman picking flowers from a garden. That woman has a paralyzed lower body and is wearing a pink dress. FTP, name this Andrew Wyeth painting.
Answer: Christina's World
The original version of one of his most famous works gave one title figure large, awkward feet and knees, and was rejected. His early works included The Music Party and the realistic Boy with a Basket of Fruit. The success of The Cardsharps, one of his first independent works, attracted the patronage of Cardinal Del Monte, for whom he painted The Lute Player. His most famous cycle of paintings is displayed in the Contarelli Chapel of San Luigi dei Francesi. His Death of the Virgin scandalously featured bared legs and a swollen belly, and his other religious works included The Deposition of Christ and a three-part cycle on Matthew the Evangelist, including St. Matthew's Vocation. FTP, identify this mannerist painter of Supper at Emmaus.
Answer: Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
On this work's left, a cat carries a mouse in its mouth and a flock of birds extends from its upper left corner loop through a towering cave-like structure. Its center features numerous berry trees and for a time it was known as "The Picture with the Strawberry-Tree Fruits." Songbirds on the left look on as horses and cats are ridden in a circle around a central pool. Members of both sexes bathe communally in two pools in the center and left of this work's central panel and the left and right panels of this work depict the Garden of Eden and Hell. FTP, name this 1504 triptych by Hieronymus Bosch that depicts the worldly sinful pleasures of human life.
Answer: The Garden of Earthly Delights
Paintings by this man feature a coyly smiling woman penning a titular Love Letter, a peasant boy and two Cupid-like infants hoisting a rosy-cheeked girl in The See-Saw , and a work featuring similar characters, with the girl blindfolded, Blindman's Bluff. A stone statue of a cherub is to the left of the central figure of this man's most famous work, and that figure is illuminated by a shaft of light coming through the trees, kicking off one of her shoes and glancing knowingly at a concealed suitor. FTP, name this French artist who depicted a woman in a pink dress being pushed by a man unaware that another is looking up her skirt in The Swing.
Answer: Jean-Honor� Fragonard
While in Paris, this man painted pedestrians crossing Les Ponts des Arts and evoked an earlier painting with his depiction of a tower of the Louvre's Pavillon de Flore. A painting by this man depicts a white-faced woman in green sitting across a table from her doppelganger at the titular restaurant, Chop Suey. Another of his paintings depicts the long shadows of a curbside fire hydrant and barber's pole in front of closed red and green storefronts, Early Sunday Morning. Another of his paintings features a sign for five-cent cigars above two hat-wearing men and a woman in a red dress patronizing the counter of a diner. FTP, name this American painter of Nighthawks.
Answer: Edward Hopper
A barely visible plowman on the right of the painting and a group of waders just to the left of center persist through the first of the title phenomena. The most distinct figures in this work are paddling a small boat on the left side of the painting just to the right of a traditional stone-arch bridge. Such rustic images are contrasted with the dark bridge at this painting's center, on which a nearly indistinguishable rabbit frantically dashes away from an oncoming vehicle. FTP, name this work that features an onrushing train of the Great Western Railway, a painting by J.M.W. Turner.
Answer: Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway
Raymond Geselbracht contrasts this painting with the artist's bedroom scene Chambered Nautilus, and its central figure appeared seated and scowling in another painting called "Anna." A still-life by the same artist features a central blue door and is named for this painting's central figure and Alvaro. Seven crooked and unevenly spaced posts demarcate a fence that sits in front of a shed and the two-gabled Olson house in this work's upper right corner. A barn is depicted in the upper middle of this painting set in Cushing, Maine that is rife with brownish grass. FTP, name this painting depicting a paralyzed girl in a pink dress looking towards her home, a work of Andrew Wyeth.
Answer: Christina's World
The artist described this work as a metaphor for ideas that were a "solitary paranoiac-critical camembert." Several brick-like shapes adorn a work that features a giant fish and claims to be the "Disintegration" of this painting, and a white figure with a large eyelash can be seen in the center of this work. In the upper left, a broad, flat rectangle rests next to the seashore, while ants swarm a metallic object in the lower left. The cliffs of Cadaques are depicted in the upper right of this work, and three distinctive images appear draped over a tree branch, the side of a rectangle, and on a white object. FTP, name this painting that features three melting clocks, a work of Salvador Dali.
Answer: The Persistence of Memory or La persistencia de memoria
A reimagination of this painting depicts a fruit-covered table, a forward-facing nude woman, and the title figure laid out on a sheet, and was done by Edvard Munch. A work depicting the same scene shows a shelf containing three books, a large map on the back wall, and a woman in a black-and-white-striped dress, and was painted by Paul-Jacque-Aime Baudry. In front of a green cloth, this painting depicts a wooden box, which serves as a table for an inkwell. The title figure holds a quill in his right hand and a note in his left, and he lolls to his right while wearing a white sheet like a turban. FTP, name this painting depicting a stabbed French revolutionary in his bathtub, a work by Jacques-Louis David.
Answer: The Death of Marat
The painter of this work was inspired to paint it after finishing a Georgiano painting that depicts a thunderhead above a village on a hill in the upper right corner above the title figure. Beneath a column and a potted plant, two servants in a tapestried corner in the background rummage for garments in a cassone, a marriage chest. The title figure clutches a bunch of flowers in her braceleted right hand and rests beneath a black velvet curtain next to a curled-up dog, and she lies on a red sofa covered by a white sheet with her other hand covering her pubic area. FTP, name this painting that depicts a reclining goddess of love, a work by Titian.
Answer: Venus of Urbino
One of this man's paintings depicts a girl wearing a blue dress and red hat who enigmatically glances to the right, and is titled The Terrace. One of his paintings depicts a basket-toting red-haired woman in front of a crowd toting the title Umbrellas. Portraits like Jeanne Samary and Madame Charpentier and Her Children provided his later income. A child wearing a red bow is the subject of his Girl With a Watering Can, while another work depicts some bare-armed dudes in straw hats, women in fancy dresses, and men in top hats eating and commiserating under an awning. FTP, name this French painter of Le Moulin de la Galette and Luncheon of the Boating Party.
Answer: Pierre-Auguste Renoir
In Walter de la Mare's short story A Revenant, a professor who considers Poe's poetry "flawless mastery of method" sees this "curiously detached" painting flashing through his head. The title figure of this painting looks to the canvas's left and wears a wide-brimmed black hat, and an enormous tome by Andreas Vesalius is open at the lower right. Aris Knidt is the focal point of this painting, and he lies in its center as seven bearded gentlemen in black with poofy white collars look on. Knidt had earlier been hanged for armed robbery. FTP, name this portrait by Rembrandt, commissioned by the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons, that shows the titular physician dissecting a cadaver's hand.
Answer: The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
Ernest Chesneau said that this figure's left hand "in the form of a toad, provokes hilarity," and T.J. Clark noted that her hand "enraged and exalted the critics as nothing else did." Dark green curtains hang in the right background and are drawn above and behind the main figure. Victorine Meurent posed for this painting, whose main figure wears a black ribbon around her neck, tan shoes, a bracelet, and a flower behind her ear. The main figure reclines upon rumpled bedclothes, and a black cat stands at right. To the left of the cat, a black servant brings flowers, presumably from the central figure's next client. FTP, name this 1863 painting of a reclining nude by Edouard Manet.
This painting's prequel depicts a crowd revolting against turban-wearing men with curved swords, The Charge of the Mamelukes. A six-chimneyed building with a tall spire lies in the background and the central scene is Principe Pio hill. A figure in white kneels and prays next to a man donning red and black who covers his head with his hands, and a figure in green stares with clenched fists at a dead body at his feet. Its most poignant figure lifts his hands in the air and stares helplessly at a line of blue-uniformed French soldiers pointing rifles at a crowd of Spaniards. FTP, name this Goya work depicting a massacre on a certain date.
Answer: The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid [accept anything with the correct date and year]
On this work's far left, a sword-toting figure donning a red cloak points a staff upwards to banish tiny clouds from the central scene. The three Graces are dancing a rondel on this work's left-center, and to the right, the nymph Chloris is chased by the west wind. The central figure is atypically depicted with clothes on, and Cupid hovers among the fruit trees above that central figure while Flora spreads flowers in the clearing in which this painting is set. FTP, name this work featuring Venus that takes it name from the Italian for "spring;" a painting by Sandro Botticelli.
Answer: Primavera [or Allegory of Spring; accept Spring before it's mentioned]
One of them depicts soldiers aiming at a group on horseback while two flying figures point towards an anvil-shaped rock and is titled Asmodea. Others depict two old people eating, a mostly submerged dog, and two elderly monks. Fantastic Vision and Fight with Cudgels are two of the most uncharacteristic, and one of the most famous depicts a shadowy, horned figure surrounded by a group of women, The Witches Sabbath. This collections appears on the walls of the "Deaf Man's Villa." FTP, identify this series of paintings that contains Saturn Devouring his Sons, a set of Francisco Goya works named for their uniform use of a certain dark color.
Answer: The Black Paintings or las pinturas negras
A turning point in the execution of this work is marked by a lack of painted a secco detailing. This work features a section in which a small-headed blonde figure winds his way up a tree, expending his hand to a seated woman. To the right of that scene, a figure in red uses a stick to send away a distraught man with his hands raised and a hunched woman. An adjacent work by the same artist features a self-portrait of the artist in flayed skin and a bunch of souls getting cast down into heaven, The Last Judgment. FTP, name this large fresco that features panels like The Creation of Eve and one in which God is almost touching Adam's finger, The Creation of Adam.
Answer: The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (accept equivalents; prompt on partial answers)
One of his works shows a dove's silhouette on the sky above the beach, while another shows a winged man next to a lion and is called Homesickness. Another of his paintings depicts a canvas that matches up with the view from a window in Euclidean Promenades. He replaced the central figure of David's Madame Recamier with a coffin, and he depicted raining men in Golconde. Another of his works has a contradictory inscription and depicts a pipe, while in another a train emerges from a fireplace. FTP, name this painter who painted The Treachery of Images and Time Transfixed, also known for a work showing dude in a bowler hat with an apple in front of his face, Son of Man.
Answer: Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte
This man's works such as Israel and the Law and Frieze of Prophets were painted for the Triumph of Religion series at the Boston Public Library. He painted portraits of Frederick Law Olmstead and Lady Agnew of Lochnaw, in addition to depicting Evelyn, Mabel, and Mildred Vickers in The Misses Vickers. He also depicted soldiers holding rifles walking in a file with bandages over their eyes in Gassed, while a better known work shows two girls lighting Chinese lanterns and is called Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose. Better known for a scandalous depiction of Virginie Gautreau, for 10 points, identify this American artist of Madame X.
Answer: John Singer Sargent
One of the figures at the left of this painting stares at the title figure while clutching a large vase. The central figure's bare foot pokes out from behind some blue satin in front of a green pillow stacked atop a red pillow in the bottom center of this work. A bare-chested, toga-clad man unrolls a scroll in the bottom right, and he stands next to a single white column. The central female rests her hand on her breast in front of her brown braided ponytail, and is looking down at an enormous baby that is sprawled out across her lap. For 10 points, name this work by Parmigianino that depicts the infant Christ held by a lengthily-trunked Mary.
Answer: Madonna of the Long Neck [accept Madonna with the Long Neck; prompt on Madonna dal Collo Longo]
A man in armor stands in a boat kissing a naked woman in his Deliverance of Arsinoe. Angels radiate out in circular rows in his largest painting, Paradise, which was executed with help from his son Domenico, and a figure sucks at a woman's breast, causing stars to fly out, in his Origin of the Milky Way. He painted the ceiling of Scuola di San Rocco, and St. Mark descends from the sky in an orange cape in his Miracle of the Slave. Another of his works is housed in the San Giorgio Maggiore and depicts angels circling a chandelier and depicts the title act on a diagonal axis. For 10 points, name this late Renaissance painter of The Last Supper whose name means "little dyer."
Answer: Tintoretto [or Jacopo Robusti]
This artist created the Fountain of the Bees for the Barberini family and sculpted busts like Damned Soul and Blessed Soul. His works in the Galleria Borghese include one that depicts the three title figures fleeing from Troy, and one that depicts a woman turning into a tree. In addition to Aeneas, Anchises, and Ascanius and Apollo and Daphne, he designed the oval church of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale. He sculpted a work in the Piazza Navona which includes representations of the Nile and the Ganges and one which shows an angel pointing a spear at the title figure. For 10 points, name this Italian sculptor of The Fountain of the Four Rivers and The Ecstacy of Saint Theresa.
Answer: Gianlorenzo Bernini [or Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini]
In one of his works, three nude women can be seen in room with his most famous work in the background of the painting, and his series of "concert caf�" paintings such as At the Concert Europeen notably use the Cont� crayon. He also depicted performers doing the can-can in his Le Chahut, and another painting sees a boy standing in the water with his hands near his mouth as another boy rests his legs in the water. In addition to Bathers at Asnieres, he is best known for a work depicting several people relaxing near a waterway as a woman with a large behind has a monkey on a leash. For 10 points, name this pointillist painter of Sunday Afternoon on La Grande Jatte.
Answer: Georges-Pierre Seurat
It has been nicknamed "the forest," because each beam in its construction came from a different tree. A later addition to it was performed by Bellu, who created a second spire on an octagonal base supported by four transept pillars. One of its windows, designed by Jean de Chelles and Pierre de Montreuil, has corner pieces that represent the descent into Hell and the resurrection of Christ. Unlike that South Rose Window, its transept and famous spire were rebuilt in the 1800s in an effort led by Eugene Viollet-le-Duc. Originally constructed under the orders of Maurice de Sully and found on the Ile de la Cite, for 10 points, name this Gothic cathedral located in Paris.
Answer: the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris ["Paris" is not necessary after it is said]
His last work, based on R�ne Thom's catastrophe theory, depicts three integral signs and is titled The Swallow's Tail. An optical illusion transforms the first of the titular animals seated on a lake into larger mammals in his Swans Reflecting Elephants. One of his paintings depicts an elephant in the background and two tigers over a naked woman in the foreground. This creator of Lobster Telephone also painted The Hallucinogenic Toreador and a "disintegration" of his most famous work which depicted the Cadaques and three melting clocks. For 10 points, name this surrealist artist of The Persistence of Memory.
Answer: Salvador Dali [or Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dal� i Dom�nech]
The Manningtree altarpiece features this artist's The Risen Christ, and in another work the titular animal action is performed by jumping over an obstacle as people look on from a barge. In addition to Leaping Horse, he painted several works about life near his hometown of East Bergholt, while another series depicts the title structure at Leadenhall "from the River," and "from the meadows" with an overarching rainbow. His most famous work shows the title object near Flatford Mill on the River Stour and depicts Willy Lott's cottage. The painter of Salisbury Cathedral, for 10 points, name this English landscape artist whose best-known painting is The Hay Wain.
Answer: John Constable
One of this man's works contains a naked man holding a bucket showering himself on a plain, while another features a man in a red uniform holding a cherry tree while a boy holds an axe. In addition to Sultry Night and Parson Weems' Fable, he depicted a white church in the middle of a dark town as a man on horseback hurries to the left in one painting, and another work shows the title figures standing in front of a copy of Washington Crossing the Delaware. For 10 points, name this painter of The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere and Daughters of Revolution, an American regionalist best known for a portrait of his dentist and his sister in American Gothic.
Answer: Grant Wood
He never finished the chalice that Clement VII had commissioned, though he did create a button for that Pope's cape. He created a medallion depicting Atlas Supporting the Sphere, and he also sculpted a statue of Mars for Fontainebleau and a statue of Ganymede Riding the Eagle. Personifications of the winds ring the base of another of his works, which also features reclining gold models of Neptune and Ceres, while the first title figure of his most famous work holds the sword with which he decapitated the other title figure. For 10 points, identify this murderous Mannerist goldsmith who sculpted Francis I's Salt Cellar and Perseus with the Head of Medusa.
Answer: Benevenuto Cellini
Edgar Samuel cited its artist's portrait of George Gisze to suggest that its artist may have used a blown glass tube while painting it. One figure wears the Order of St. Michael and holds a dagger, while another clutches a glove in his right hand as his arm rests on a book which indicates that his age is 25. The curtain in the background is green, and the pattern of the tiles at the bottom of this painting is taken from the Westminster Abbey. Its center includes shelves with several musical and scientific instruments and it also features a distorted skull at the bottom. For 10 points, identify this painting featuring a diplomat and a bishop from France by Hans Holbein the Younger.
Answer: The French Ambassadors
Inkwells and some scrolls can be seen lying to the left of a figure in this painting as a man dressed in orange has his right palm on the title figure's knee as he stares at the title character. A lyre can be seen behind the extended right leg of the title figure as well as a chain that lies partially on the floor. A figure in blue and brown stands in an archway leaning against the wall at its left, and in the center a man in red turns his head away from the title figure whose left hand points upward as he grabs a cup containing poison. For 10 points, name this painting by Jacques-Louis David, which shows the final moments of a philosopher about to consume hemlock.
Answer: The Death of Socrates
A Jean Louis Forain work with the same name depicts a chair behind the subject. To the left of this painting, a woman in a white coat can be seen with orange gloves, and the subject of this painting is a woman generally considered to be named Suzon. Two indistinct chandeliers hang from the ceiling, and a pair of green boots dangles from the ceiling in the upper corner. A man with a moustache can be seen at the top right of this work and the subject rests her hand on a counter where one can find a bowl of oranges and several bottles of alcohol as the subject stares directly at the viewer. For 10 points, identify this depiction of a Parisian nightclub, a work by Eduoard Manet.
Answer: A Bar at the Folies-Bergere [or Un Bar aux Foiles-Bergere]
A man dressed in green leans forward while clenching his fists and the tower of a cathedral can be seen towards the left background. A companion piece to this painting depicts a man dressed in brown attempting to stab an Arab soldier on horseback, and is subtitled The Charge of the Mamelukes. The men at right all wear black hats, unlike the most prominent figure who kneels against a foreboding pile of blood. Set against the background of Principe Pio hill, a man in a white shirt raises his arms in surrender as a firing squad points at him. For 10 points, name this painting depicting "The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid" on the namesake day, painted by Francisco Goya.
Answer: The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid
In one of his works, a bow, quiver, and sword hang above the white robed title figure while five figures look on as Jesus performs the titular Raising of Lazarus. He painted his wife as the model of a woman who drank her husband Masolus of Carnia's ashes, Artemisia, and he painted a man with his right hand placed on the title figure's breast in The Jewish Bride. He also painted the author of Metaphysics with his hand on the head of a statue as well as the marching company of Franz Banning Cocq. For 10 points, name this artist of Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer and The Nightwatch who also painted a dissection in The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp.
Answer: Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn [accept either underlined answer]
Veronese changed the title of his Last Supper to Feast in the House of Levi after he was told to replace one of these with Mary Magdalene. Two flowers, two pens, and some sheet music lay by another one of these at the bottom left of the portrait of Madame de Pompadour by Francois Boucher. The periodic motion of a woman's feet and one of these can be found in a painting by Giacomo Balla titled the Dynamism of one of these, and another one of this animal is curled up at the foot of the bed as a woman rummages through a chest in the background in Titian's Venus of Urbino. For 10 points, a series of sixteen paintings by C. M. Coolidge depicts what animals playing poker?
This man painted a work in two panels which shows the title figures intently discussing about the texts in their hands and is called The Four Apostles. A lion rests on the floor in the foreground as the title figure stare intently at his work sitting at a desk in his St. Jerome in His Study. One work depicts an angel sitting on a wheel near a ladder and dog by the feet of a woman, and also contains an hourglass, a sphere, and a Latin square, while another work a decrepit figure holds a trident at the bottom left as the titular quartet tramples over some people. For 10 points, identify this German artist of several woodcuts such as Melancolia I and Four Horseman of the Apocalypse.
Answer: Albrecht Durer
One of his works depicts a woman with a cage of doves exiting the title place as Jesus smacks a money-changer. In another of his works, a red-tunic'd Jesus looks towards the sky as several people mock him. In addition to The Purification of the Temple and Disrobing of Christ, one of his paintings shows John the Baptist extending his arms as cherubs bring white clothes to several naked figures, and inspired Picasso's Demoiselles d'Avignon. In addition to Opening of the Fifth Seal, he painted a dark sky a green hillside on whose top sits the Alcazar, in his painting View of Toledo. For 10 points, identify this Spanish artist of The Burial of Count Orgaz, originally from Crete.
Answer: El Greco [or Domenikos Theotokopolous]
Its artist also depicted his father listening to a musician playing a violin in an After Dinner party at the titular location. A skull lies by the feet of one of the two oddly dressed figures at this painting's center, whose clothes are from the French Revolution. One figure kneels on his right knee and stares at a choirboy, and another figure staring at the viewer holds a crucifix. Two clergymen in the center are dressed in red, and a dog stands to the center right as several people walking in an S-shaped line are depicted dressed in mourning. For 10 points, identify this gigantic painting depicting a funeral, a work of Gustave Courbet
Answer: Burial at Ornans [or A Painting of Human Figures, the History of a Burial at Ornans; or Un Enterrement � Ornans; accept Interment at Ornans; or Funeral at Ornans; or other synonyms for "burial"]
This man painted a portrait of Cardinal Niccolo Albergati, while another of his works depicts St. George taking off a metal helmet as another man kneels by the Madonna and Child. Another work shows an angel with a crown flying over Virgin Mary, who is seated facing a Burgundian aristocrat. In addition to The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin this artist of Self Portrait with Red Turban worked with his brother on an altarpiece which depicts the Adoration of the Lamb, but is best known for depicting a man in a black dress and a woman in green holding hands in front of a mirror which reflects the artist painting the scene. For 10 points, identify this artist of The Arnolfini Marriage.
Answer: Jan van Eyck
Triangular patterns can be seen on the hat of one figure in this painting who wears a set of beads with a cross, and diagonal lines connect the eyes of the two most prominent figures of this painting, one of whom feeds the other a flower. A face peeks out of an orthodox church in the background of this work whose top right contains five houses, two of which are upside down. A woman can be seen milking a goat, and in another portion, a man with a scythe walks to the right as an upside down woman points the way. Depicting the artist's hometown in Vitebsk, Belarus, for 10 points, name this painting by Marc Chagall.
Answer: I and the Village
One of his paintings features a woman in black on the left with her two daughters and a man sitting in a chair facing the trio. In addition to a Portrait of Bellili Family, he also painted Semiramis Building Babylon and Place de la Concorde. This man also depicted some Jewish bankers in his At the Stock Exchange, and some members of his family can be seen trading the titular commodity in his New Orleans Cotton Exchange, but he is better known for depicting a woman sitting beside a man smoking a pipe with the titular beverage on her table. For 10 points, identify this impressionist painter of L' Absinthe and several sculptures and paintings of ballet dancers.
Answer: Hillaire Germaine Edgar Degas
Grisaille sections of this work show Cain and Abel making sacrifices and Cain beating Abel to death. Jef Vanderveken replaced a portion of this work which was stolen in 1934, known as The Just Judges. When this work's wings are closed, four panels depicting the Annunciation of Mary can be seen. The Jewish prophets and the apostles kneel around a bejeweled fountain while the central creature bleeds into a chalice in this work's main scene, the Adoration of the Mystic Lamb. For 10 points, name this altarpiece by Hubert and Jan van Eyck.
Answer: Ghent Altarpiece [or Het Lam Gods; or The Lamb of God; accept Adoration of the Mystic Lamb before mentioned]
One member of this group painted landscapes like Mount Desert Island, Maine. Aside from Jervis McEntee, members of this group included Worthington Whittredge and Sanford Robinson Gifford, as well as the painter of The Heart of the Andes. One member of this group created a work depicting William Cullen Bryant in the Catskills standing next to this group's most famous member, the painter of The Course of Empire and The Voyage of Life. For 10 points, name this American art movement which included such painters as Frederic Church, Asher Durand and Thomas Cole.
Answer: Hudson River School
A propaganda brochure in its defense asks, "Did [it] fall out of the sky?" and, "Is [it] a gymnastic apparatus?" Its end was precipitated by the Monday demonstrations, and parts of it now reside in the Vatican Gardens and the Sanctuary of Fatima in Portugal. Its East Side Gallery featured Dmitri Vrubel's painting of an infamous kiss from Brezhnev. Wooden crosses near Checkpoint Charlie commemorate its victims, the most famous being Peter Fechter, who was shot in its 'death strip.' In response to a mass emigration, Erich Honecker began its construction in 1961 and it was dismantled 28 years later. A physical manifestation of the Iron Curtain, for 10 points, name this structure which Ronald Reagan told Gorbachev to tear down.
Answer: Berlin Wall
Joachim von Sandrart noted that the two leftmost figures in this painting are derived from a Holbein woodcut depicting two card players. The window at the top of this painting is covered in oilskin, and its figures are lit by an unseen source at the top right. This painting hangs in the Contarelli chapel along with two other paintings by the same artist depicting the title character's inspiration and martyrdom. Only three of the figures sitting at Levi's money table take notice of the barefoot figure at right. For 10 points, name this Caravaggio painting in which Jesus gestures towards a certain tax-collector.
Answer: The Calling of Saint Matthew
This artist depicted Jesus holding the title fruit while in his mother's arms in Madonna of the Pomegranate. Another circular depiction of Jesus by this artist is Madonna of the Magnificat. He painted himself into his Adoration of the Magi but moved away from Christian themes in a work which is bordered on one side by a red-cloaked man about to pick an orange from a tree. Another work shows a nymph in the process of throwing a cloak over the nudity of the titular figure standing on a shell. For 10 points, name this creator of Primavera and The Birth of Venus.
Answer: Alessandro Botticelli
Male and Female, one of this artist's earliest works, may have been influenced by David Alfaro Siquieros, while his 1943 work The She-Wolf may have been influenced by Jungian psychology. One of his most famous works was done on an eight-foot by four-foot piece of fiberboard and prominently features layered yellow and brown streaks of paint. His 1952 painting Blue Poles and the aforementioned No. 5 both illustrate his technique of dripping paint directly onto his paintings. For 10 points, name this abstract expressionist who pioneered the technique of action painting.
Answer: Paul Jackson Pollock
A group of relaxing nude women have tea on the seashore in a painting by this man titled after a line in a Baudelaire poem. Another of his works is centered on a grandfather clock without hands and sees its title color often broken only by white lines. This artist of Luxe, Calme et Volupté and L'Atelier Rouge painted a portrait of his wife in which the titular "Green Stripe" bisects her face. A woman lays out dessert on a table in one of his paintings, while a painting commissioned by Sergei Shchukin borrowed a depiction of a group of figures holding hands and cavorting around from one of his earlier paintings. For 10 points, identify this artist of Harmony in Red, La Danse, and Le Bonheur de Vivre, a leading Fauvist.
Answer: Henri Matisse [accept Luxe, Calme et Volupté before "this man"]
This painter depicted himself as a character from a Walter Scott novel in his Self-Portrait at Ravenswood. A woman holds out her arms imploringly in his Greece Expiring on the Ruins ofMissolonghi, and he depicted a scene from the Inferno in The Barque of Dante. He portrayed an Assyrian king's demise is The Death of Sardanapalus and the slaughter of Greeks by Ottoman troops in The Massacre at Chios. He is best known for a work in which the titular woman holds a musket in one hand and the French flag in the other. For 10 points, name this French Romanticist creator of Liberty Leading the People.
Answer: Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix
This sculptor depicted Nancy Cunard in a work often titled Sophisticated Young Lady. This sculptor of the jagged and triangular Le Coq and the oval-eyed Miss Pogany created an ensemble including Table of Silence in Targu Jiu, which also contains his 29 meter Endless Column. This sculptor of the phallic Princess X created a geometrically-simple relief version of The Kiss, but is best known for a marble and bronze series of figures whose heads and beaks are reduced to ovals. For 10 points, name this Romanian sculptor of the sleek Bird in Space.
Answer: Constantin Brâncuşi
The hexagon-impressed tiles on the arches in this painting are modeled on the ceiling of the Vatican Palace. A putto over the top of this painting bears the injunction "causarum cognitio," or "become knowledgeable of the causes." The upper left and upper right of this painting include statues of Apollo and Athena, holding a lyre and a shield, respectively. Hypatia is depicted in a white robe in the lower left, while in the lower right a group of students gathers around Archimedes. The Timaeus and the Nicomachean Ethics are held by the two central figures, Plato and Aristotle. For 10 points, name this fresco by Raphael.
Answer: The School of Athens [or La Scuola di Atene]
He worked on the restoration of Titian's Emperor Vitellius and Emperor Galba, while several of his own works were adapted into sculptures by Bernini. His Iconography series consists of portraits of several of his contemporaries. His self-portraits include one with a broken column and one with a sunflower, and he also painted several portraits of Queen Henrietta Maria. Another work depicts his patron's upper body in three positions, while his most famous work depicts the same figure in hunting dress. For 10 points, name this student of Peter Paul Rubens, a Flemish portraitist who was court painter to Charles I of England.
Answer: Sir Anthony Van Dyck [or Antoon Van Dijck]
This character retires to the town of Redriff with his wife Mary Burton after meeting the Portuguese captain Don Pedro. He is told of rebels from the land of Lindalino who built four massive towers topped with magnets. This character finds out that Alexander the Great died of alcoholism after summoning Alexander, Caesar, Brutus and other luminaries in Glubbdubdrib. This surgeon on the Antelope describes the Academy of the floating island of Laputa after single handedly capturing the entire navy of Blefuscu. For 10 points, name this character who describes journeys through Brobdinag and Lilliput in his namesake travels, a creation of Jonathan Swift.
Answer: Lemuel Gulliver
One series created by this artist depicts a woman with a gambling addiction, a woman with obsessive envy, and a man suffering from delusions of military rank. That series of ten paintings of the insane includes a self-portrait called Portrait of a Kleptomaniac. This painter also created a work in which a Napoleonic soldier brandishes a sword atop a rearing horse, The Charging Chasseur. Another of his works includes a figure waving a flag in the top right, and depicts the suffering of the survivors of a shipwreck off the coast of Mauritania. For 10 points, name this French Romantic who painted The Raft of the Medusa.
Answer: Théodore Géricault
In the bottom right of this work, a partridge is perched on a branch. In the background, several ships can be seen sailing near a port which is surrounded by cliffs and lies across from what appears to be a volcano. Near the center of this painting, a man leaning on a stick looks skyward rather than monitoring the sheep surrounding him. Other figures include a fisherman and a plowman, both of whom ignore the titular event, as does the ship passing the title character. For 10 points, identify this painting depicting the drowning of the son of Daedalus, by Bruegel the elder.
Answer: Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
Alexander Calder's Ordinary is located outside of this structure, which lies across from the Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill-designed Lever House. The shear trusses and shear walls of this building extend to the 29th and 17th floors of it respectively. This building has three specified positions for window blinds, which its architect included to maintain uniformity. Mark Rothko was going to create displeasing art for the Four Seasons Restaurant in this International Style building. For 10 points, name this structure designed by Johnson and Mies van der Rohe.
Answer: Seagram Building
This artist's Christ Taken Captive and Christ in Limbo are part a series of his that had a "Little" counterpart, his "Great Passion." Joachim and Anna Meeting at the Golden Gate and The Annunciation are part of his "Life of the Virgin" series, and the first title character of another of his works carries a furry lance and is flanked by the two other horned characters. This creator of Knight, Death, and the Devil included a skull on a window ledge and lion sleeping on a rug for one work, and another contains polyhedrons, magic squares, and a depressed angel. For 10 points, name this German woodcut master, creator of St. Jerome in his Study, and Melencolia I.
Answer: Albrecht Dürer
In homage to Watson and Crick, this man painted Galacidalacidesoxiribonucleicacid, part of his "nuclear mysticism" period that also included such works as Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus). He depicted several Venus de Milos wearing different colored skirts in The Hallucinogenic Toreador. He created a work titled after "the disintegration of" his most famous work, in addition to an optical illusion involving the title pachyderms, Swans Reflecting Elephants. For 10 points, name this Catalan surrealist who painted some melting watches in The Persistence of Memory.
Answer: Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Doménech
Gerrit Lundens' copy of this painting in London's National Gallery reveals its pre-cropped state, in which the large arch in the background was closer to the center. A partially out-of-frame man beats a drum on the extreme right of this painting, while in the background a man in armor holds an orange and blue flag. The two main figures are a man dressed in yellow and carrying an ensheathed sword, and a man in a red sash, while many of the background figures are holding pikes. For 10 points, name this painting depicting the company of Frans Banning Cocq, a work by Rembrandt.
Answer: The Night Watch [or De Nachtwacht; accept The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch before mentioned]
One of this artist's works was commissioned by Edward Coates, who later replaced it with a work entitled The Pathetic Song to avoid the controversy caused by the original work's portrayal of six nude men. That work, The Swimming Hole, was created fourteen years after this artist's Max Schmitt in a Single Scull. In his most famous painting, a woman recoils in disgust as the titular figure demonstrates a surgery at the Jefferson Medical College. That painting is often paired with this artist's The Agnew Clinic. For 10 points, name this American painter of The Gross Clinic.
Answer: Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins
One composer from this country composed the Peacock Variations and Dances of Galanta, and another composer from this nation composed Atmosphères and Lux Aeterna, two pieces included in 2001: A Space Odyssey. The former of those composers based an orchestral suite on his opera about a hussar who defeats Napoleon, Háry János. One composer from this country wrote a Concerto for Orchestra and Mikrokosmos, and Brahms composed a set of tunes based on dances from this nation. The primary Romantic composer from this country wrote the Transcendental Etudes and Rhapsodies from here. For 10 points, name this country, home of Béla Bartók and Franz Liszt.
Answer: Republic of Hungary
This artist's final paintings included garishly-colored works like Model by the Wicker Chair, while his many self-portraits include The Night Wanderer and a woodcut with a skeleton arm running along the bottom. The majority of his paintings, which include numerous depictions of "vampiric" women, were intended for inclusion in a series entitled The Frieze of Life. His more famous works include a green-walled depiction of his sister's death from tuberculosis, entitled Death in the Sickroom, as well as a work set along a dock at Ljabrochaussen with a swirling, blood-red sky. For 10 points, name this Norwegian Expressionist painter of The Scream.
Answer: Edvard Munch
Possible models for the left-most figure in this painting include Andrea del Verrocchio's David or Giuliano de Medici. That figure in red wears a curved sword on his sash and prods his caduceus into a cloud. Roses trail out of the mouth of a figure on the right of this painting, who struggles with a figure with blue robes and blue-gray skin. Those are this painting's depictions of Mercury, Chloris, and Zephyrus. At the top of the painting, Cupid takes aim towards the Graces, who dance center left. In the very center of this painting, Venus stands where the orange trees arch. For 10 points, name this painting by Sandro Botticelli, an allegorical representation of spring.
Answer: Primavera [or Allegory of Spring before last four words of tossup; prompt afterwards]
This artist painted a woman with a sword in a burning landscape where a dark river flows into a giant mouth. In another work by him, skeletons with trumpets and spears kill people in a desolate landscape alongside a cart full of skulls. In addition to Dulle Griet and The Triumph of Death, he painted a man holding a kabob and riding a barrel while being pushed towards a sickly man with an oar in The Fight Between Carnival and Lent. This man also painted a work in which a man and his donkey plow a field on a hill while a ship sails away from a small splash in the background. For 10 points, name this artist of The Peasant Wedding and Landscape with the Fall of Icarus.
Answer: Pieter Brueghel the Elder
Portraits by this artist include one of Lord Henry and Lady Mary Guilford. He painted Anne Lovell with a squirrel and a starling. A Virgin Mary in a navy blue dress with orange sash holds an infant Jesus in a work this artist painted for Jakob Meyer. Besides the Darmstadt Madonna, another of his works depicts a green curtain in front of a table containing items like a lute and a globe. That painting also contains an anamorphic image of a skull on the floor next to the two title figures. For 10 points, name this court painter of Henry VIII famous for his portraits of Erasmus and Thomas More and for The Ambassadors.
Answer: Hans Holbein the Younger
One figure in this painting looks to his right at a vase held by a figure on the left of the canvas. Brown curtains appear at the top; and on the right, in the distance, a man wearing a toga looks away from the scroll held in his outstretched arms. Next to that man, a column is partially blocked by the title figure's flowing blue robes. The title figure of this painting rests her bare foot on a pair of pillows at the bottom, and her elongated fingers graze the top of her white dress. For 10 points, a very large infant Jesus lies on the lap of the title figure in what mannerist masterpiece of Parmigianino, whose title references a noticeable physical feature of the Virgin Mary?
Answer: The Madonna of the Long Neck [or The Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna and Child with Angels and St. Jerome; or La Madonna del Collo Lungo]
This painter's landscapes include two of Antwerp that feature the Steen Castle. Modern knowledge of the composition of Da Vinci's lost The Battle of Anghiari comes from a drawing by him. The title figure is seen being crowned in Saint-Denis and disembarking at Marseilles in his Marie de Medici cycle. His second wife, H�l�ne Fourment, was thought to have posed for works such as The Three Graces and one in which the title figure scratches his chin while deciding between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite, The Judgment of Paris. For 10 points, name this Flemish artist of a famous Descent from the Cross triptych, known for his full-bodied female nudes.
Answer: Peter Paul Rubens
Paintings inspired by this work include Roger Brown's Puerto Rican Wedding. At the right of this painting, a narrow yellow door stands shut. A white-clad figure in this painting is bending down as he looks at a woman in a red dress. A sign running along the top of this painting advertises cigars selling for "only 5 cents." In addition to the aforementioned woman, other people in this painting include two dark-suited men in fedoras, each of whom leans on the counter next to cups of coffee. For 10 points, name this painting that depicts a diner in the hours of darkness and was painted by Edward Hopper.
The Allegory of the Christian Knight forms the center panel of this painter's Modena Triptych. In one of his paintings, a man in green prepares to remove Jesus's red tunic. In another of his paintings, a blue-robed St. John outstretches his arms while angels distribute robes to naked people. In another, this man's son, as well as St. Stephen, and St. Augustine, surround the interment of the titular armor-clad nobleman. For 10 points, name this painter of The Disrobing of Christ, The Opening of the Fifth Seal, and The Burial of the Count of Orgaz, whose common Spanish name alludes to his birth on Crete.
Answer: El Greco [or The Greek; or Dom�nikos Theotok�poulos]
One of this man's paintings depicts silhouettes created by rows of Venus de Milos which form the image of a man wearing a green tie, amidst a bullfighting scene. In another of his paintings, a kneeling figure from Greek myth is morphed into a hand holding an egg from which a flower protrudes. In another work by this creator of The Hallucinogenic Toreador and The Metamorphosis of Narcissus, the image in the water of some title creatures' necks appears to be the other title creatures' trunks. One of his paintings features ants crawling on melting watches. For 10 points, name this Surrealist Spanish artist of Swans Reflecting Elephants and The Persistence of Memory.
Answer: Salvador Dali
A woman in blue-green rides a chestnut horse in the title position of this painter's Side-Saddle. He served as illustrator for Georges Clemenceau's book, At the Foot of Sinai. Two women lie in bed, locked in embrace, in his depiction of The Kiss. A stern ringmaster whips a gray horse ridden by a red-haired woman in his At the Circus Fernando. He painted the title nightclub owner dressed in a black jacket and hat and red scarf in his paintings of Aristide Bruant. For 10 points, name this French Post-Impressionist known for his paintings of Jane Avril and La Goulue dancing at the Moulin Rouge and for his short stature.
Answer: Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
This artist's unfinished sculptures include the Boboli Captives and the Taddei Madonna. His statues of Night, Day, Dawn, and Dusk are inside a part of a building that contains his Laurentian Library, the Church of San Lorenzo. And he depicted the title biblical figure with a large beard and horns in his Moses. In another project that included The Deluge, he drew his self-portrait on the flayed skin of Saint Bartholomew. For 10 points, name this man who was ordered to build the dome of St. Peter's Basilica and the tomb of Pope Julius II, the painter of The Last Judgment and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Answer: Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
British troops carry the title commander under a Union Jack in this painter's Battle of Jersey scene, Death of Major Peirson. A wife, dressed in blue, leans over to look at her husband's sketch of a sculpture in his Mr. and Mrs. Izard. This artist is better known for a painting that shows the title figure stroking his chin with his right hand, while holding a silver teapot in his left, and another in which two men lean over to rescue one title character while a standing man tries to harpoon the other title character. For 10 points, name this 18th century American painter of a portrait of Paul Revere and Watson and the Shark.
Answer: John Singleton Copley
Dandelions and plantago are among the weeds growing in this artist's watercolor, Great Piece of Turf. An Albuquerque voyage commissioned by King Manuel I led this artist to draw an anatomically inaccurate depiction of a rhinoceros. In one work by this artist, a skull lies on a window ledge while a lion and dog sleep in front of the main figure as he compiles the Vulgate. Another work by this man shows a human skull barely visible on an irregularly sided polyhedron which lies to the left of a depressed angel. For 10 points, Saint Jerome in his Study and Melancholia I are by what German woodcut artist of the Apocalypse series?
Answer: Albrecht Durer
One part of this work shows a man leaning backwards as he holds up a woman and is entitled I am Beautiful. Another section of this work depicts a nobleman from Pisa who was forced to stay alive by eating his children. This artwork includes a depiction of Ugolino and His Children and shows an embrace between Paolo and Francesca. Another section of this work was originally titled The Poet and shows a seated man with his chin on his right hand. For 10 points, name this group of sculptural works depicting scenes from Dante's Inferno that includes The Kiss and The Thinker and was sculpted by Auguste Rodin.
Answer: The Gates of Hell [accept La Porte de l'Enfer]
A woman with a blue parasol and a child walk through a field of the title red flowers in this painter's Poppies. He painted the effects of sunlight in the fog on the title structure in his Houses of Parliament series, and showed the many different shapes of the smoke issuing from trains in his Gare Saint-Lazare series. He depicted the harbor at Le Havre in a painting that lent its name to his artistic movement, and painted a series depicting certain objects in the water near a Japanese bridge at his Giverny home. For 10 points, identify this French painter of Impression: Sunrise and many water lilies.
Answer: Oscar Claude Monet
At the dead center of this painting stands a child in white with a hat, clutching the pink skirt of its mother. Another child, in orange, appears to be skipping or running off to the right. In the background of this painting stand a man in orange, blowing a bugle, and two soldiers facing away from both children, towards where four men are rowing a boat. A black dog sniffs the ground near a man in a sleeveless red shirt and black cap, who smokes a pipe in the left foreground. A woman at the right of this painting holds a monkey on a leash. For 10 points, parasol-wielding Parisians proliferate what pointillist masterpiece of Georges Seurat?
Answer: A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte - 1884 [or Un Dimanche Apr�s-midi � l'�le de la Grande Jatte - 1884; accept "Isle" instead of "Island"; accept A Sunday on la Grande Jatte]
This architect's final building, completed after his death, is the Martin Luther King Jr. Library in D.C. Cullinan Hall is one of two additions this architect made to the Caroline Weiss Law Building in Houston. He designed both the building and sculpture gardens for the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin. His German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition contained the first of his Barcelona chairs. Another of his works was purposely built in the floodplain of the Fox River, the Farnsworth House. For 10 points, "less is more" was the maxim of this International Style architect and final director of the Bauhaus.
Answer: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Jesus stands on the shore as his disciples cast nets from a boat in this artist's Christ at the Sea of Galilee. Peacocks watch on the lower right as stars shoot out from the breast of Juno, where Hercules is suckling, in another of his painting. A descending figure in an orange cape intercedes to save a Christian from impending execution in a painting from his St. Mark series. Besides Origin of the Milky Way and Miracle of the Slave, he is most famous for a painting where angels surround a table that stretches diagonally away from the viewer. For 10 points, name this Venetian Renaissance painter of a celebrated Last Supper, with a name meaning little dyer.
Answer: Tintoretto [or Jacopo Comin; or Jacopo Robusti]
This artist painted one of the title nomads attending to a brown horse at right as the title blue-robed poet reclines off left in Ovid Among the Scythians. A hand sticks out from the rubble at the foot of a despairing woman in his allegorical Greece Expiring on the Ruins of the Messolonghi. A turbaned figure on a rearing horse overlooks a field of dying people in his Massacre at Chios, while the title king watches calmly as one his slaves' throat is slit in his The Death of Sardanapalus. A little boy waves a pistol in the air as the title bare-breasted figure waves a French flag in this painter's most famous work. For 10 points, name this painter of Liberty Leading the People.
Answer: Eug�ne Delacroix
A series of different colored squares form the shell of the title animal in this artist's The Snail. Ships sit in the pink waters of the harbor in one of several paintings he did of Collioure, The Open Window. In one of his paintings, a maid is arranging fruit on a platter on a table whose tablecloth bears the same color as the wallpaper. In another painting by him, the nudes reclining and playing on a yellow lawn include a group dancing in a ring, a trope he would revisit in his painting The Dance. He used a technique he called "drawing with scissors" for his Blue Nudes series. For 10 points, name this French Fauvist of The Joy of Life and Harmony in Red.
Answer: Henri Matisse