CLEP American Literature Works and Info 2
Terms in this set (88)
Of Plymouth Plantation
Book that told the history of the Plymouth Settlement.
The Tenth Muse
Anne Bradstreet's poetry book, published in 1650 in England, published without her consent by her brother in law
by Edward Taylor, compares household task of making cloth to the gift of God's salvation, uses an extended metaphor: transformation of wool into clothes compared to an imperfect individual's change into glorious servant of God
The Wonders of the Invisible World
Cotton Mather - Colonial / Puritansim - explains cases of whichcraft, (these whiches were 'tainted' and they wanted to get rid of them to purify the community
Letters from an American Farmer
A document written by an emigrant French aristocrat turned farmer posing the famous question, "What, then, is the American, this new man?"
Ben Franklin;it is possible to strive for moral perfection without doing it to appease God, aphorisms
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain
five novels by James Fenimore Cooper about Natty Bumppo, a frontiersman
Legend of Sleepy Hollow
headless horseman, early ex. of american fiction, irving
an essay written by Ralph Waldo Emerson, emphasizing the importance of the individual
notion of transcendentalism that an omnipresent divinity is present in nature, Emerson
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1853 that highly influenced england's view on the American Deep South and slavery. a novel promoting abolition. intensified sectional conflict. National era.
written by Henry David Thoreau; a personal account of his life spent in a cabin on the edge of ______ Pond, where he lived simply and found truth
a group's refusal to obey a law because they believe the law is immoral (as in protest against discrimination), essay by Thoreau
Narrative of the Life of _______ _______
(1845) Frederick Douglass; Slavery, antislavery reform; Douglass told of his life as a slave and argued for abolition of slavery.
a monomaniacal captain tries and fails to kill a monstrous white whale; adventure story, quest tale, allegory; protagonist: Ishmael, Ahab; antogonist: Ahab, great white whale
Leaves of Grass
whitman's first volume of work; poems were a celebration of democracy, liberation of the individual, shocking
O Captain, My Captain
Extended metaphor poem
• Captain of ship really means president Lincoln
Because I Could Not Stop for Death
ride with the gentlemen (death)
constant comparison of morality and immorality (veil, wedding, cemetery)
four March sisters (Amy, Jo, Beth, Meg) in 19th century New England struggle with poverty, juggle their duties, and their desire to find love, Alcott studied with Thoreau
Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offenses
Mark Twain's critique of another's writing
The protagonist and narrator of the novel. _____ is the thirteen-year-old son of the local drunk of St. Petersburg, Missouri, a town on the Mississippi River. Frequently forced to survive on his own wits and always a bit of an outcast, He is thoughtful, intelligent (though formally uneducated), and willing to come to his own conclusions about important matters, even if these conclusions contradict society's norms.
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
The novel explains the tale of Hank Morgan, a 19th century citizen of Hartford, Connecticut who awakens to find himself inexplicably transported back in time to early medieval England at the time of the legendary King Arthur in AD 528, time travel
Outcasts of Poker Flats
characters didn't see themselves as better than anyone else and they all worked together.
Honest gambler and good hearted prostitute
pioneering life in California
American girl and her courtship by Winterbourne, both of whom are expatriates in Italy and Switzerland. She is overly flirtatious and dies a tragic death.
short story written about a little girl who ends up needing to choose between nature's preservation to no reward,
A New England Nun
Mary E. Wilkins Freeman- Local color writing of New England; Louisa Ellis waits 14 yrs for Joe and creates an independent lifestyle, chooses independence over marriage
The Yellow Wallpaper
Charlotte Perkins Gilman::Unnamed first Person narrator::John(Husband), Jeannie(John's sister, ideal), Mary(Helps around house)--Written to save people from going crazy, stop the rest cure. woman trapped in wallpaper represents tied and bound rest cure woman
Spoon River Anthology
(takes the reader to a graveyard in an imaginary small town and lets us listen to over 200 deceased inhabitants speak from the grave, candidly revealing secrets about their lives)
The Epic of the Wheat a California Story is a book written in 1901 by Frank Norris. It chronicles the conflict between local wheat growers and a predatory railway company.
(dull-witted dentist who acts on his animalistic instincts, inflicting pain on those around him and eventually killing his wife and friend - reveals that humans are just animals in a world ruled by harsh laws of survival
Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
A realistic novel of a woman who decides to become a prostitute after being cast out by her family
The Open Boat
Stephen Crane- An account of the thirty hours spend on a small boat after the Commodore sank in the Spanish American War; told from correspondents point of view. Finds nature indifferent & God not present in it, constant danger (waves, shark). Oiler drowns even though hes the strongest;
Theodore Dreiser's novel; single woman who moved to city and worked in shoe factory but then turned to prostitution due to poverty
Willa Cather. Final book of the prairie trilogy of novels,which includes 'O Pioneers!' and 'The Song of the Lark.' Immigrant families move to Blackhawk, Nebraska. Bohemian family, the Shimerdas. Jim Burden, narrator, is in love with Antonia.
The Gift Outright
Robert Frost (read for JFK's inauguration)
To Build a Fire
protagonist- the man
conflict- the struggle to stay warm
plot- a middleaged man and a dog are walking to Forks then the campsight and struggles to stay warm but ends up getting wet
"Survival of the FIttest"
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty
James Thurber. A man daydreams of fantastic adventures struggling over dull daily life.
Ezra Pound: Italian Fascist,
about the demise of Western Civilization after WWI
Catcher in the Rye
Holden Caulfield- main character; written by J. D. Salinger.
distorted view of adulthood- sex, money, alcohol, smoking
Main issues: Frustration, change, immunity, freedom, society's views placed on the younger generation, Originally published for adults, it has since become popular with adolescent readers for its themes of teenage confusion, angst, sexuality, alienation, and rebellion.
Henderson the Rain King
Saul Bellow, Novel. Eugene, an unhappy millionaire and pig farmer searching for meaning. Pilgrimage to Africa, native king, Dahfu, ritualistic search for a reincarnated predecessor lion. Euguene returns to America, planning on becoming a doctor.
When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd
elegy to lincoln that tracks the grieving process;
The Naked and the Dead
about World War II and the experiences of a group of soldiers
The Sound and the Fury
1929, Faulkner, four sections, different narrators.
First section, mentally disabled narrator named Benjy.
Second section, Quentin Compson: he is obsessed by questions of Southernness and the downfall of the American South.
To Kill a Mockingbird
Southern gothic novel; bildungsroman; narrator: Scout; serious issues dealing with rape and inequality
prons and cons of "city of the big shoulders" and describes society. SANBURG
The Age Of Innocence
By Edith Wharton, with Newland Archer, Countess Ellen Olenska, May Welland, Julius Beaufort, and the Lawrence Lefferts (society, social responsibility, hypocrisy)
Pulitzer prize winner
House of Mirth
This 1905 work by Edith Wharton was criticized by many for its portrayal of society's elite
The Masque of the Red Death
Talking about plague using symbolism. Allegory about life and death. Journey from birth to death - colored rooms. Cannot escape death.
Fall of the House of Usher
dark side of nature
follows an unnamed narrator who sits reading to forget the loss of his love, Lenore. A "rapping at the chamber door reveals nothing, but excites his soul to "burning". Later, when he goes to investigate, a _____ steps into his chamber.
Plot:The speaker loses the person he loves but death does not separate them
Theme: Love, lose and death
Setting: Beside the sea
For Whom The Bell Tolls
E. Hemingway. Robert Jordan, a young American in the International Brigades, attached to an antifascist guerilla unit during the Spanish Civil War. Maria, Pablo, Russians in Madrid, Pilar.
The Old Man and the Sea
Written by Hemingway in Cuba. Centers on Santiago, aging Cuban fisherman who struggles with a giant marlin at sea.
Grapes of Wrath
John Steinbeck's novel about the Joads, a struggling farm family during the Great Depression. Gave a face to the violence and exploitation that migrant farm workers faced in America
Of Mice and Men
Two migrant workers, George and Lennie, share a dream of owning a home. That dream is shattered when one of them cannot control his strength. Novel by John Steinbeck
A Farewell to Arms
E. Hemingway. A love story which draws heavily on the author's experiences as a young soldier in Italy. Lieutenant Frederic Henry, a young American ambulance driver during WWI. Falls in love with nurse Catherine Barkley.
Written by Kate Chopin in 1899. The Awakening portrays a married woman who defies social convention first by falling in love with another man, and then by committing suicide when she finds that his views on women are as oppressive as her husband's. stories set in Cajun culture
The Scarlet Letter
Nathaniel Hawthorne's masterpiece from mid 1800s about Hester Prynne who has affair w/ Dimmesdale (preacher) and has a baby w/ him. Deals w/ Puritan culture.
by Hawthorne-scientist tries to improve nature & ends up killing his wife
The House of Seven Gables
the Pyncheons, especially Hepzibah Pyncheon. Maule, Phoebe, Holgrave, and Clifford. The story's theme is that of the sins of the fathers visited upon later generations.
1922 novel by Sinclair Lewis, satire of American behavior. References someone concerned with materialistic ideals and narrow mindedness.
Imagist, Williams, Image of _______, so much depends on ______, chickens
The Great Gatsby
A novel depicting the picturesque idea of the self made American man and enterpreneur who rose from obscurity. was written by F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Novel by William Faulkner. It centers on Thomas Sutpen, the son of a West Virginia poor white, and his attempts to fulfill his "grand design" to be accepted as a Southern aristocrat and founder of a wealthy family. He establishes himself in Jefferson, Mississippi, and, at the climax of his career, he is elected colonel of Jefferson's regiment in the Civil War. Returning to his estate after the war, he finds the plantation in ruins. His daughter Judith's half brother and part-black lover, Charles Bon, has been killed by his son, who has disappeared, and Judish has become a confirmed spinster, raising Charles's son. The protagonists attempt to have another son by a poor-white girl ends in his murder by her grandfather. When the families saga ends in 1910, all that is left of his dream is his last descendant, Jim Bond, howling in the ashes of the burned house.
A novel by Ralph Ellison, set in the United States in the 1930s; it depicts a black man's struggle for identity. In the end, the unnamed narrator runs for his life and falls into a cellar (hole). He decides to remain underground and write a novel about the absurdities of his life. "My hole is warm and full of light. Yes, full of light"
The Waste Land
Famous 1922 poem by American poet, T.S. Eliot who expressed the deep pessimism of the post WW1 years. His poem describes a world without faith, unable to restore spiritual and moral values. Did not use traditional rhyme and meter, had lines of varying length, and experimented with punctuation and appearance of poems.
The Glass Menagerie
(Tennessee Williams, 1944). Partly based on Williams' own family, the drama is narrated by Tom Wingfield, who supports his mother Amanda and his crippled sister Laura (who takes refuge from reality in her glass animals). At Amanda's insistence, Tom brings his friend Jim O'Connor to the house as a gentleman caller for Laura. While O'Connor is there, the horn on Laura's glass unicorn breaks, bringing her into reality, until O'Connor tells the family that he is already engaged. Laura returns to her fantasy world, while Tom abandons the family after fighting with Amanda.
A Streetcar Named Desire
(Tennessee Williams, 1947). Blanche DuBois and Stanley Kowalski represent Williams's two visions of the South: declining "old romantic" vs. the harsh modern era. Blanche is a Southern belle who lost the family estate, and is forced to move into her sister Stella's New Orleans apartment. Stella's husband Stanley is rough around the edges, but sees through Blanche's artifice; he ruins Blanche's chance to marry his friend Mitch by revealing to Mitch that Blanche was a prostitute.
Death of a Salesman
(Arthur Miller, 1949). This play questions American values of success. Willy Loman is a failed salesman whose firm fires him after 34 years. Despite his own failures, he desperately wants his sons Biff and Happy to succeed. Told in a series of flashbacks, the story points to Biff's moment of hopelessness, when the former high school star catches his father Willy cheating on his mother, Linda. Eventually, Willy can no longer live with his perceived shortcomings, and commits suicide in an attempt to leave Biff with insurance money.
(Arthur Miller, 1953). Miller chose the 1692 Salem witch trials as his setting, but the work is really an allegorical protest against the McCarthy anti-Communist "witch-hunts" of the early 1950s. In the story, Elizabeth Proctor fires servant Abigail Williams after she finds out Abigail had an affair with her husband. In response, Abigail accuses Elizabeth of witchcraft. She stands trial and is acquitted, but then another girl accuses her husband, John, and as he refuses to turn in others, he is killed,
Poverty, drug use, eastern religious influences, and a celebration of anti-capitalism are issues being overviewed in this novel.
On The Road
A man abandons New York and its intellectualism to seek enlightenment through unmeditated experience on the American road.
by Sylvia Plath. dark tone. she carries a burden of her father that cripples her. she committed suicide (on second attempt) at a young age.
The Weary Blues
The speaker describes an evening of listening to a blues musician in Harlem and gives readers an appreciation of the state of mind of the blues musician in the poem.
The fear, hatred, and anger that racism has impressed upon Bigger Thomas ravages his individuality so severely that his only means of self-expression is violence. After killing Mary Dalton, Bigger must contend with the law, the hatred of society, and his own destructive inner feelings.
An autobiographical novel by Richard Wright, portraying racial conflicts in the rural south.
Go Tell it on the Mountain
semi autobiographical work
preacher at age 14, open homosexual
The Bluest Eye
about two black families - the Breedloves and the McTeers - and a little girl, Pecola Breedlove who wishes for blue eyes like Shirley Temple
Song of Solomon
A family chronicle similar to Alex Haley's Roots, the novel follows the life of Macon 'Milkman' Dead III, a black man living in Chicago, from birth to adulthood.
Toni Morrison's third novel.
an ex-slave is haunted by the memory of the daughter she killed; historical fiction, ghost story; characters include: Baby Suggs, Denver, Sethe
I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
the 1969 autobiography about the early years of black writer and poet Maya Angelou. It is a coming of age story that illustrates how strength of character and a love of literature can help overcome racism and trauma. Title comes from Paul Lawrence Dunbar's poem "Sympathy"
The Bean Eaters
AUTHOR: Gwendolyn Brooks-
FAMOUS LINE: They eat beans, mostly, this old yellow pair.
The Color Purple
A meek, abused, impoverished young black woman eventually finds independence with the help of her woman friends.
Fear of Flying
Joy Luck Club
Four Chinese women who have been meeting for years to socialize, play games, and tell stories from the past
Amy Tan, Asian