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P & P Interval 3 - Female
Terms in this set (70)
The yolk sac will disappear around ____ weeks.
The embryonic heart may be detected as a _____ motion as early as _____ weeks in a transvaginal scan
flickering , 5
A grade 3 placenta would be the ______ trimester.
A grad placenta between 0-2 would be the ______ trimester.
1st and 2nd
Pre-pubertal uterus length is _____ cm.
Post pubertal uterus length is ____ cm.
Multiparous (having multiple births) uterus length is ______ cm.
8.5 to 9 cm
Postmenopausal uterus length significantly _______ in size and assumes prepubertal shape.
The bladder wall measures _____ cm.
The internal iliac is _______ to the ovaries.
Each ovary is ________ to a ureter and the internal iliac artery.
The uterus is _______.
The vaginal canal is ______.
The bladder has to be full in order to see the ____ and ____.
ureters and fallopian tubes
For a transvaginal scan, the bladder needs to be _____.
The uterus is a reproductive organ that is a _______ hollow organ where the developing embryo and fetus are _____.
muscular , nourished
The uterine walls are composed of 3 layers which are the:
The uterus is a pear shaped organ divided into 4 parts which are:
The endometrium varies in size due to the ____________ functional layer, throughout the menstrual cycle and just before mensus the __________ AP measure should not exceed _____.
superficial, maximum, 15mm
The cervical portion of the endometrial canal extends _____ cms from its _______, where it joins the external os...which projects into the vaginal canal.
2 to 4 cm , internal os
The ovaries are located in the _____.
An anteverted uterine position is when the bladder is empty, the _____ and _______ form a 90-degree angle, and the _____ and ______ of the uterus tilts anteriorly at the isthmus toward the pubic bone. (Most common)
vagina, cervix, body, fundus
An anteflexed uterine position is when the bladder is empty, the vagina and cervix form a ___ degree angle and the body and fundus of the ______ are _____ anteriorly toward the pubic bone until the fundus points _______ and rest near the cervix
90, uterus, bent, inferiorly
A retroverted uterine position is when the bladder is empty, the body and fundus of the uterus are tilted ________ toward the ________ until the cervix and vagina are _______ oriented.
posteriorly, sacrum, linearly
A retroflexed uterine position is when the bladder is empty, the body and fundus are ____ posteriorly toward the sacrum until the fundus points ________ and the ______ and ______ are linearly oriented.
bent, inferiorly, vagina, cervix
The 2 uterine positions most difficult to image are ________ and ________.
retroversion and retroflexion
The ovaries contain numerous follicles, which are ______ sacs that contain _____ eggs (oocytes).
fluid-filled , developing
If the uterus is _____, the ovaries can be shifted _____.
If the uterus is retroverted, the ovaries lie _______, adjacent to the fundus of the uterus.
What are the 3 pelvic peritoneal spaces?
Space of Retzius
Average size of prepubertal ovaries have a volume of _____ cm³.
The anterior culdesac (vesicouterine pouch) is a shallow peritoneal space located between the _____ wall of the uterus and _____ border of the bladder.
The posterior culdesac is known as
pouch of douglas
Which peritoneal space is the most posterior and dependent portion of the peritoneum?
the posterior culdesac (pouch of douglas)
The posterior culdesac (pouch of douglas) is located between the _____ and the ______.
rectum , uterus
The space of Retzius is a ______ space between the _____ bladder wall and pubic symphysis.
Any fluid found in the anterior culdesac or lateral pelvic recesses or a larger collection of fluid in the posterior culdesac is considered?
True or False.
The ureters and fallopian tubes are not routinely identified sonographically?
A ________ results from complete failure of mullerian duct fusion and each duct develops fully with duplication of the uterine horns, cervix, and proximal vagina and with now communication between them.
A _______ is a uterine duplication abnormality resulting in a uterus divided into 2 horns.
A family member or friend cannot be used as a _____ during a transvaginal ultrasound.
In TA (transabdonimal), the cervix is ______ and similar in echogenicity to the ______, with a hypoechoic ______.
homogenous, uterus, central canal
Ovaries are typically ______ in appearance.
Standard transvaginal scanning uses _____ and ____ planes from an ______ approach.
sagittal, coronal, inferior
Probe can be rotated ____ degrees counterclockwise to scan corona plane.
The yolk sac can be detected as early as ____ weeks.
5 weeks GA (gestational age) with EV (endocavity) transducer
Identification of the yolk is a _____.
A faint flickering motion seen adjacent to the yolk sac represents the neurologically active _____ tissue.
From 5 to 10 weeks GA the yolk sac progressively increases to a maximum diameter of _____ mm.
By the end of the first trimester, the yolk sac _____ and is _______ appreciated sonographically.
shrinks, no longer
The estimated GA based on the gestational sac size can be calculated using the ____.
mean sac diameter (MSD)
The _____ measurement is the most accurate method for establishing and confirming GA during pregnancy.
Crown Rump Length(CRL)
The BPD is measured from ____ to ____ skull edge and the HC is measured on the ____ skull edge.
outer, inner, outer (leading edge to leading edge)
The BPD and HC should be measured in which plane?
The biophysical profile consists of:
gross movement tone
How long is the biophysical profile?
What is the max score one can get on the biophysical profile?
8 out of 8
A normal distended urinary bladder wall measures at _____ cm or less.
The myometrium presents _____.
The urethra presents ____.
The average size of post-pubertal ovaries in length is ____ cm.
Postmenopausal ovary length is approximately ____ cm.
Grade 0 of placental grading
no visible calcifications, smooth chorionic plate
Grade 1 of placental grading
scattered tiny calcifications, subtle indentations of chorionic plate
Grade 2 of placental grading
larger basal and comma like echo densities, larger indentations of chorionic plate
Grade 3 of placental grading
extensive basal echogenicity and circular echo densities fully outlining cotyledons, complete indentation of chorionic plate
Abdominal circumference should be measured in a _____ plane at the level of the stomach, spine, and umbilical vein as it enters into the liver about ______ of the way into the abdomen
Femur length should be __________ to the long axis of the femur.
Second trimester biometric measurements consist of
The AC is an ______ measurement around the perimeter of the fetal abdomen in a ______ plane.
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