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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
0.4 - Introduction (The Civil War)
Terms in this set (18)
The idea that the cotton industry was the key to the Southern, and more generally American economy.
The movement to end slavery.
The Underground Railroad
The antebellum volunteer resistance movement that assisted slaves in escaping to freedom. Although it was not a railroad, the participants of the system used railroad terminology. Safe places for escaped slaves to stay were called stations and the people who guided the slaves were conductors.
The idea that the residents of each territory should decide for themselves if they would join the Union as a free or slave state. Stephen Douglas supported this idea and it was the heart of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
A landmark Supreme Court case in 1857 in which Chief Justice Roger Taney wrote that the federal government did not have the power to regulate slavery, effectively allowing slavery in all states, North and South, as well as the territories. The outcome of the case infuriated abolitionists who saw it as a major expansion of the power of slave owners over the federal government.
A fierce abolitionist who moved to Kansas with his family. He led the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre and later led an attack on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry in the hope of leading a slave rebellion that would bring about the end of slavery. He was hated by Southerners but became a martyr for the abolitionist cause.
President during the Civil War. He started the process to end slavery. Many people think he was our nation's greatest president.
War between the Northern and Southern states from 1861-1865 about slavery. The North, or Union, won the war and slavery ended.
Confederate States of America
Also called the Confederacy - the slave-holding states from the South that seceded.
Battle of Gettysburg
The turning point battle of the war. Lee led his army into Pennsylvania hoping to force the North to give up but lost the battle.
Ulysses S. Grant
General who led the Union armies at the end of the war. He won the Battle of Vicksburg and Lincoln promoted him to commander of all of the Union Armies. He accepted Lee's surrender at the end of the war and later was elected president.
President Lincoln's official order freeing all slaves in the rebelling territories (but not in the Border States that had remained in the Union).
Lincoln's famous speech in 1863 in which he outlined the purpose of the war.
The time period after the Civil War ended when the North tried to remake the society of the South. During this time important amendments were passed, but in the end many things didn't change.
Farm workers who used land that belonged to someone else and paid by sharing some of what they grew.
13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
The three amendments to the Constitution ratified after the Civil War during Reconstruction. They ended slavery, gave citizenship to anyone born in the United States, and gave voting rights to all men.
The nickname for a system of laws that enforced segregation. For example, African Americans had separate schools, rode in the backs of busses, could not drink from White drinking fountains, and could not eat in restaurants or stay in hotels, etc.
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