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V: Interpersonal Relationships
Terms in this set (21)
commitment to values, beliefs, and goals following a period of exploration
a category of identity status in which the individual is in the phase of experimentation with regard to occupational and ideological choices and has not yet made a clear commitment to them
The individual has not engaged in any identity experimentation and has established an identity based on the choices or values of others.
The individual does not have firm commitments regarding the issues in question and is not making progress toward them.
the ability to understand and share the feelings of another
allows us to express concern and pursue engagement in prosocial behaviors on behalf of others with whom only a symbolic attachment is shared
important site of postadolescent development (associated with complex thinking, judgement, problem solving, planning, thinking in terms of the future, other executive functions), physiological changes in the prefrontal cortex promote synaptic efficiencies and better connections between different parts of the brain
entry into the adult world - one learns to assume adult attitudes, behaviors and responsibilities shaped by work and one's social and community milieu (reinvigorates John Marcia's work on identity development by applying his formulation, intended for adolescents, to young adult)
What are things that couples do to increase their chances of marital success?
Delaying marriage in the interest of education and occupational experience, cohabitation (couples drift into this through habit, routine, attractive prospect of lower living costs, sexual component - sexual revolution & reliable birth control).
Basic components of a healthy relationship, regardless of one's life stage and environment.
Respect for the integrity of others, empathy, trust, open communication, reciprocity, patience, and sometimes forgiveness.
5 core personality traits
openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism
Personality trait: Extraversion
Gregarious and express emotions easily
Personality trait: Openness
Wide interests and imagination
Personality trait: Agreeableness
Aware of the feelings of others and inclined to be affectionate
Personality trait: Conscientiousness
Exercise self-control goal-directed behaviors
Personality trait: Neuroticism
More likely to display moodiness, anxiety, or irritation with others
- Partly genetic predispositions, but strongly influenced by life experience & social environment
- Personality = stable between young and middle adulthood, but retains element of plasticity over the life course
2 types of experiences that contribute to personality development and its expression in the self & relationships
Unique, occur at the individual level
Commonly or collectively occurring
What is the preferred form of coupling?
During which life stage do personality traits & styles form?
Middle childhood & early adolescence (5-12 years old)
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