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Religion Final Exam
Terms in this set (106)
Who are the biblical patriarchs?
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
The term "Oral Torah" is associated with what group?
Ashkenazim are Jews who lived in
The name "Baal Shem Tov" means
"Master of the Good Name"
The Reform Movement embraced the idea that Judaism is an...
evolving religious culture
The word Shoah literally means
A mikveh is
What is not a major Jewish festival?
On Sukkot it is customary to build a
What is the celebration of the giving of the Torah at Mt. Sinai
The Maccabean rebellion is celebrated on
Where can the earliest non-biblical reference to "Israel" can be found?
The word "canon" refers to a(n)
collection of sacred writings.
Masada was a(n)
mountain fortress near the Dead Sea
Which of the following foods is not kosher
The "bible" of medieval Jewish mystics was the
A tsaddik is a
holy man and spiritual guide
The word "mashiach" literally means
The Sephirot are
essential attributes of God, emanations of God's creative force, and ten in number
A Seder is a
Who was the prophet that led the Israelites out of Egypt
T/F: The Pharisees believed in the resurrection of the dead.
T/F: Hillel taught a version of the "Golden Rule."
T/F: Jews commonly believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ.
T/F: Shabbetai Tzevi thought he was the Messiah.
T/F: The founder of the Hasidic movement was known as the Baal Shem Tov.
T/F: Judaism teaches a belief in many gods.
T/F: The word Torah literally means "teaching."
T/F: It is impossible to convert to Judaism.
T/F: The Haggadah is read on Passover.
T/F: Jews commonly refer to their Scriptures as "TaNaKh."
T/F: The Septuagint is a translation of the Hebrew Bible into Latin.
T/F: The Zealots were pro-Roman revolutionaries.
T/F: The Jews of Arabia generally accepted Muhammad as a prophet.
T/F: The term Haskalah refers to any authoritative religious behavior.
T/F: On Yom Kippur, children under thirteen are expected to fast.
Who is generally regarded as the founder of the Hasidic movement?
Baal Shem Tov
What is the rite of passage celebration for males in Judaism
What is the rite of passage celebration for females in Judaism
T/F: Jesus was Jewish
The texts that make up the New Testament were originally written in what language
When did the Protestant Reformation begin?
When Christians speak of "grace" they mean God's
For Protestants, the only perfect authority on spiritual matters is
Which of the following is a prayer given by Jesus to his disciples?
The Lord's Prayer
A commitment to sharing the gospel with others, a strong emphasis on individual study of the Bible, and a "born again" conversion experience are characteristic of
What is the holiday that commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit on Jesus' disciples
What have been understood to be visible symbols of God's grace
Roman Catholic worship and Orthodox worship
have essentially the same structure
What doctrine states that bishops receive their authority through an unbroken line of bishops that reaches back to the apostles and, through them, to Christ himself?
doctrine of apostolic succession
The Roman Catholic Council of Trent (1545-63) was convened to
respond to the protestant reformation
The "Syllabus of Errors" published by Pope Pius IX in 1864 was a(n)
list of features of modern culture that Catholics were urged to reject
Christianity understands God as
personal, transcendent, triune, and immanent
What is a a form of mysticism that emphasizes inner quiet and repetitive prayer?
T/F: Demographic trends project that Christianity's "center of gravity" is moving toward Africa, Asia, and South America. correct
What theology urges Christians to take action in society to end the exploitation of and discrimination against the poor, women, and minority groups?
In England, the Reformation led to the creation of the __________, which remains independent of the Roman Catholic Church.
Church of England
Generally speaking, __________ have been the most open to acknowledging and adapting to the realities of modern culture.
For Christians, the biblical story of Adam and Eve illustrates that fact that human sin
brought a separation of God and humanity.
T/F: Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christians recognize seven rituals as sacraments. Protestants recognize two.
T/F: Early Christians were persecuted because Rome considered them disloyal.
T/F: The Reformation in England began in the mid-sixteenth century, when King Henry VIII took control of the Church in England.
T/F: Christians acknowledge the Jewish Scriptures as having the same authority as the New Testament texts.
T/F: Christians believe that Jesus Christ was both fully human and fully divine.
T/F: Monasticism has always been an important part of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox traditions.
T/F: Pope Pius IX's "Syllabus of Errors" (1864) was a protest against certain features of modernism.
T/F: The Second Vatican Council (1962-65) signaled that the Roman Catholic Church would take a more open attitude toward modern culture.
T/F:The papacy reached the height of its power in the Middle Ages.
T/F:Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant Christians agree that there are seven sacraments.
T/F:The basic structures of Roman Catholic and Protestant worship are essentially the same.
T/F:Christians believe that God created an imperfect world in which there has always been a conflict between good and evil.
T/F:Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christians believe that the saints in heaven intercede for them in prayer.
The term "Islam" means
Muslims believe that Muhammad was
the final prophet and one of many prophets
Which of the following is an essential part of Islamic belief?
The belief in the oneness of God, The belief in the Day of Judgment, The belief in prophets
How was the Qur'an revealed to Muhammad?
over the course of many years
Which of the following is a teaching of Islam?
The belief in the oneness of God, The belief in prophecy, and The belief in angels
Who was the first wife of the prophet Muhammad?
What are the five daily prayers Muslims are expected to perform?
Assuming one is physically and financially able, a Muslim is expected to make the pilgrimage to Mecca
at least once in a lifetime
The chapters of the Qur'an are known as
Which of the following is not part of Muslim belief?
Jesus as the son of God
.Muhammad traveled to Jerusalem, ascended to heaven, and came into the presence of God. What is this referred to as?
the Night Journey
What was the origin of the split between the Sunnis and the Shi'as?
Difference in opinion over who should lead the Muslim community following Muhammad's death
T/F: Shi'as believe that the ayatollah is a modern-day prophet.
In 1979, what major event happened in Iran?
T/F: Muslims are the only women who cover their hair for religious reasons.
Why is Huda Sha'rawi famous?
She removed her headscarf at an Alexandria train station.
Which of the following movements became very prominent in Saudi Arabia?
The Wahhabi movement
T/F: In the early Muslim community, Muslim women had the right to divorce husbands, inherit property, and refuse a marriage partner.
amal al-din al-Afghani (1838-1897) was a reformer who
advocated a resistance to European colonialism
T/F: A key teaching of Islam is the belief in the oneness of God.
T/F:The vast majority of Muslims today are Arabs.
T/F:Jihad means to interpret Islamic law.
T/F:Muslims believe that Muhammad was one of many prophets.
T/F:The Qur'an is the sole source of shari'a.
T/F:In the modern period, Muslim reformers have been concerned about women's status.
T/F:Islamic law is no longer used in the world today.
T/F: The term Sunnah refers to chapters of the Qur'an.
T/F:Muslims believe that Islam is the original faith of Abraham.
T/F: Sunni Muslims are in the majority of Muslims worldwide.
T/F: Muslims know about the life of Muhammad through the hadith reports.
T/F: During the miraj, or Night Journey, Muhammad ascended to heaven and came into the presence of God.
T/F: During the hajj, Muslims are expected to wear markers of their social and economic status.
T/F: Muslim reformers in the modern period were concerned about European colonialism.
T/F: Most African American Muslims belong to the Nation of Islam.
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