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What year did HH become pres?
what year did great depression begin
What are the bonus armies comprised of?
veterans marching washington
why were vets marching on washington?
the wanted government to pay bonuses
How does HH disrupt the bonus marchers activities ?
Call in Army's lead by MacArthur
What yrs did HH serve ?
What yr FDR get elected?
Which presidential elections did FDR win?
What yr did FDR contract pollio? How old was FDR?
what party was FDR?
What was the result of FDR contracting Polio, ie, was he more assertive or compassionate?
He was more compassionate and kind hearted
What state was FDR Governor of prior to presidency?
What was approx. unemployment in 1936?
What was FRD's reasoning for making the "New Deal"?
He believed old ways of thinking no longer applied
What university did FDR use as laboratories of democracy?
Columbia Univ. he calls this brain-trust
Under FDR, what does the term banking holiday refer to?
a four day closing of banks to establish government backing of funds, March 1933
Who removed US from gold standard?
FDR, 1933 April
What was the safe guard estab. after banking holiday?
Funds deposit federally insured
Did FDR expand or shrink government?
Name one of the regional develops by FDR?
TVA - Tennessee Valley Authority - made electricity and stopped flooding
Why did federal government address the Tennessee river in the first place?
Because there was flooding along three boardering states
Under the new deal, how did people in business feel?
They did not like the new deal too radical
Name someone who thought FDR did too little?
Dr. Francis Townsend
What did Dr. Townsend from California want to establish?
Should have pension for elderly
What state did Hewey Long come from?
LA, Governor and Senator
What did he believe in doing?
Greater distribution of wealth
What was the WPA? and what did it do?
Works Progress Administration, useful type work like building bridges in communities
What was the Wagnor Act?
It allowed labor to organize into unions, aka - magna carta of labor, sole bargin unit for workers.
Who was the first Union for General Motors?
What was the sit-down strike?
Strike used by GM employees as they sat down at their jobs in defiance to worker rights
In what year did a majority of blacks in the US vote for a democratic president, the first time? why?
1936, FDR's wife Elenor Roosevelt
What was signifigance of N.I.R.A. act?
Supreme court says unconstitutional
What is the term "packing the courts" refer to?
By FDR, used on supreme court justices older than 70 y/o, way of appointing new justices because he believed current 70 y/o judges were out of touch with current society
What is the FDIC also know as?
What year was securities act passed?
1934 also known as SEC
Who would you associate the "fire side chats" to
Who was economist during FDR's term that had different view that FDR?
Who was known as "King Fish"?
Hughy P Long, 1928 becomes governor of LA, later senator
What was name of treaty Hilter broke?
When does WWII begin and what started it?
1939, invasion of Poland by Hitler
In summary what did Neutrality Act of 1920's do?
If a nation is at war can't loan them monies, won't sell them military goods, only non-arms cash and carry basis
What was the "Lend-Lease Act"?
If an allied country didn't have monies to buy arms US would lend or lease to them to gain monies later
In WWII what countries did US fight against?
Japan, Itally and Germany
Who won battle at midway, who was in it?
US won it was against Japan 1942
What was name of US General that lead putting 110K Japanese into camps
What was name of all black unit under Gen. Patton?
How many russians died in WWII?
approx. 20 million
In 1942 what country did US and its allies invade?
What year did US and Allies invade Itally?
During the 1944, who was FDR's running mate?
Harry S. Truman
What happens in 1945 that affects Truman and FDR?
FDR dies making Truman pro-temp
What did A. Phillip Randolph do?
He championed idea to march on Washington bc of discrimination of blacks with defense contracts
What was order # 8802?
Signed by FDR, eliminated discrimination of defense contracts or all contracts and march never took place
What city in 1943 had the worse riots to date?
What is believed the number of Jews killed by nazi's
What is the double V?
Means - victory overseas and victory on domestic front for blacks
What brought US into WWII?
Bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941
What was the final solution coined by Hitler?
Extermination of Jews
1932-1952, which party was in office?
Who won election in 1952 and what was his party?
Dwight Eisenhower, Republican
Did Eisenhower expand or shrink welfare state?
What did Eisenhower think about nuclear weapons?
He believed them to be the great detourant
What was name of Eisenhower's policy in foriegn relations?
The New Look
Why did America help support S. Vet but not help France when they asked for help?
US was afraid of spread of cummunism
What was meant by domino effect?
Spreading cummunism from country to country
What was name of pilot of U2 plane that was shot down?
Frances Gary Powers, May 1960
In 1950's due to the increase of mechanization, how much did production increase?
With education, how much did college aged people increase in enrollment from 1940's - 1960's?
approx. about 25%, it went from 15% to 40%
Who is doctor Spock?
Child psychologist who advocated in more freedom in our kids, let them explore and develop
What was a popular magazine that began in 1950's?
In the 50's what was added to our paper money?
The term "in God we trust"
What does the term counter current in entertainment mean?
Referred to entertainers such as; Chuck Berry, Fats Domino and Elvis Presley
Who is Afred Kinsey?
Led research on sexuality and was based at Indiana University
What was conclusion of Brown vs. Board of Education?
According to the 14th ammendment, seperate but equal violates constitution
Who was instrumental in starting a bus boycott in Alabama and what year what this?
Rosa Parks and the year was 1955
During the American Indian repeal, what were the two main cities Indians were bused to?
Chicago and Los Angeles California
What was a major bill signed by Kennedy in the early 60's
Bill that provided fair pay for men and women
In 1964 who did LBJ run against?
During LBJ's term, what was his catch phrase and what did it mean?
We can establish a 'Great Society' by attacking poverty.
Who got the medicare program passed into law?
Who was responsible for the Appalachain Regional Development Act
What was the year 250 thousand people marched on Washington promoting nonviolence led by Dr. Martin Luther King?
1963 with 250K people
Who was quoted as say, "if someone strikes you, you should not strike them back..." ?
Dr. Martin Luther King
In the 1960's, what was the largest growing ethnic group in America?
The hispanic population was the largest growing group
In 1960 in America what percent of Americans believed in God?
95 % believed in God
In the 1960's what percent of Americans had TV's
More than 87% americans had TV's
What year was Social Secrutiy act ?
What year did German attack Poland to begin WWII?
The year was 1939
What countries were part of the Tripartie pact of 1940?
Japan, Germany and Itally
What was main purpose of the CORE organization?
To basically organize picketing and sit-ins against Jim Crow laws
What was Zoot Suite Riots?
Riots took place in Los Angeles in 1943 where white service men chased and beat mexican americans claiming they were draft dodgers
When did Germany surrender in WWII ?
May 7th, 1945 Germany surrenders
When did US drop bombs on Japan?
They dropped bombs August 6 and 9th 1945
When did Japan surrender ending WWII ?
August 14, 1945 Japan surrenders
What year was NSA, NSC and CIA created?
The year was 1947
How was the main person behind accussing Americans of communism?
Sen. Joseph McCarthy
What was operation wetback?
A series of raids by US government to deport mexicans without papers to Mexico in 1954
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