22 terms

Final Study Guide

Which disipline defines itself as the systematic study of human society?
Auguste Comte
The term sociology was coined in 1838 by?
A statement of how and why specific facts are related is called a:
Social Dysfunctions
Social structures sometimes have negative consequences for the operation of society as a whole. What is the term for these negative consequences?
Manifest Functions
The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as:
A logical system that bases knowledge on direct systematic observation.
Imagine that you were going to measure the age of a number of respondents taking part in a survey. As you record the data you are using the concept (age) as:
Reliability (process of measurement)
Whether repeating the measurement yields consistent results.
Dependant Variable
A theory states that increasing a person's formal education results in increased earnings over a lifetime period. In this theory higher education is the:
vary together
Two variables are said to display coorelation if:
Both variables shown to independant
Three of the following statements below are part of the definition of a cause and effect relationship. One is not. Which one is not?
nonmaterial culture
The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society is referred to as:
symbol(defines by sociologists)
Anything that carries meaning to people who sahre a culture.
cultural transmission
Passing cultural patterns from one generation to another.
Sapir-Whorf thesis (point)
People see the world through the cultural lens of their language.
Standards by which people who share culture define what is desireable, good and beautiful are called:
economic survival
Low income countries have cultures that value which of the following?
folways; mores
________ are rules about everyday casual living; _________ are rules with great moral significance.
popular culture
Cultural patterns that are widespread among a societies population are referred to as:
cultural lag (example)
Gaining the ability to modify genetic patterns before understanding the possible social consequences of this kind of work.
Which of the following concepts refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share culture.
Gerhard Lenski claimed that which of the following has the greatest power to shape a society.